About Longhua Martyrs Cemetery
The Longhua Martyrs Cemetery in Shanghai is a memorial to those who died under the regime of the Kuomintang, led by Chiang Kai-shek.
In the 1920’s and 1930’s, the site of the Longhua Martyrs Cemetery was a Kuomintang prison where hundreds of communists were executed in an attempt to obliterate the communist movement. It is a memorial to the fight for communism prior to the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949.
In addition to various sculptures and a Memorial Hall, the cemetery sits on the location of the actual execution ground and visitors can also view the prison itself.
During World War II (the Second Sino-Japanese War in the region), the site of the Longhua Martyrs Cemetery was a vast Japanese internment camp. Prisoners included many westerners as depicted in the film Empire of the Sun.