What are the most important sites linked to Edward IV?
At Mortimer’s Cross in 1461, the young Edward - whose father had recently been killed - won an important victory over Lancastrian forces. A Yorkist army, under the command of Edward, Earl of March (later Edward IV) intercepted a Lancastrian army, under the leadership of Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke, which was marching from Wales into England. The battle itself took place close to Mortimer’s Cross possibly between there and Kingsland. Several of the Lancastrian leaders were captured, including Jasper Tudor's father, Owen Tudor. While the exact location of Mortimer’s Cross Battlefield is still a subject of debate, the position highlighted on the map is the location of a monument to the battle.
Fought on 29 March 1461, The Battle of Towton was a decisive encounter in the Wars of the Roses, as well as being the largest and bloodiest battle of the war. Over 28,000 men are thought to have died on a single day. The battle ended in a comprehensive victory for the Yorkists, confirming the young Edward IV's hold on the throne. Today little remains at the site of such carnage, and the battlefield is mostly open farmland. A medieval stone cross – the Towton Cross – stands by the side of the road to mark the site, along with some battlefield information panels which set out the events which took place here.
Eltham Palace was originally built for king Edward IV in the 1470s and the 15th century medieval hall still remains. The Great Hall of Eltham Palace is still extant and was originally built for Edward in the 1470s and his grandson, Henry VIII, spent much of his childhood here. It is so atmospheric that you can almost see their ghosts walking its floors. This is the only part of medieval Eltham Palace which still exists.
This was one of the most decisive and bloody encounters of the Wars of the Roses, where Edward IV won a crucial victory over his enemies on the 14th of April 1471, allowing him to regain the throne. There is little left of the battlefield now, but there is a monument on the A1000 road, which gives as good a view as any of the battlefield, which is now agricultural land, with little in the way of public footpaths.
Tewkesbury took place in May 1471 and was a resounding victory for Edward IV. His victory led to fourteen years of peace under his rule. The battle lasted several hours, during which the Lancastrians lost 2,000 men and the Yorkists around 500. Among the Lancastrian dead was the Prince of Wales. With the death of the heir and the imprisonment of both Henry VI (who was later murdered in the Tower of London) and Queen Margaret, the Lancastrian hold on the throne of England seemed lost. The east side of Tewkesbury Battlefield is now covered by a housing development, but the western part is still agricultural land and is accessible by public footpath. There is a monument to the Battle of Tewkesbury in front of the Abbey, and Edward, prince of Wales is buried here. There is a Tewkesbury Battlefield trail which allows visitors to walk some of the key sites.
Edgecote Moor was the site of a battle in the Wars of the Roses which took place in 1469 and led to the capture of Edward IV. Fought on 26th July 1469, the outcome of this battle enabled Warwick to become the effective ruler of the kingdom. Edgecote Moor battlefield is north east of Banbury in Northamptonshire. While the actual site of Edgecote Moor battlefield is still uncertain, it is clearer than many others. The current accepted location of Edgecote Moor battlefield is easily accessible over rights of way.
Middleham Castle was the site where Warwick held Edward prisoner in 1469 before his release and eventual victory. Today, the ruins of Middleham Castle, which fell into disuse in the seventeenth century, show only a glimpse of its former lavish grandeur by way of its remaining stone walls. Managed by English Heritage, Middleham Castle is open to the public and houses exhibits telling the story of this once imposing structure and of its former residents.
During the Wars of the Roses, Warwick Castle was owned by the Earl of Warwick Richard Neville, known as the Kingmaker. Edward IV was briefly held prisoner here by Warwick in 1469. Visitors can tour the site and its grounds, learning about its history and enjoying its architecture.