Spanish Civil War Sites

If you’re looking to explore Spanish Civil War sites and want to find the best places to view Spanish Civil War history then you can explore our interactive map above or navigate further by using the links below.

Once you’ve explored the list of Spanish Civil War sites and selected those you wish to visit you can use our itinerary planner tool to plan your trip and then print off a free pocket guidebook. This indispensible holiday guide will help you make the most of your time exploring Spanish Civil War sites.

Our database of historic places is growing all the time, but we may not cover them all. Remember, if you know of other Spanish Civil War sites, remains or ruins, you can always add them to Trip Historic now by visiting our upload page.

Spanish Civil War: Site Index

Photo by eschipul (cc)

Alcazar of Toledo

The Alcazar of Toledo in Spain is a fortress dating back to the third century AD.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Alcazar of Toledo, or the Toledo Fortress, in Spain is a square fortified building with four imposing towers sitting high atop a hill overlooking the city.

Dating back to the third century Roman era, the Alcazar of Toledo was restored under the rule of Alfonso VI and Alfonso X. It was once again restored under Charles V in 1535, with each ruler adding different elements to its design. As a result, each of its four facades bears a different style, including Renaissance, Plateresque, medieval and Churrigueresque, making the Alcazar of Toledo architecturally as well as historically fascinating.

During the Spanish Civil War, the Alcazar of Toledo was the site of the dramatic Siege of Alcazar, when the Nationalist Colonel José Moscardó Ituarte managed to hold the fort despite fierce attempts by the Republicans and, according to legend, maintained this control despite the kidnap and subsequent shooting of his son. The Siege of Alcazar turned this site into a symbol of Spanish nationalism. The Alcazar of Toledo now houses an army museum.

Photo by kurtxio (cc)

Belchite

Belchite contains the ghostly remains of a town destroyed during the Spanish Civil War.

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Belchite, near Zaragoza, contains the ruins of a town destroyed in the 1937 Battle of Belchite, during the Spanish Civil War. Left untouched as a symbol of the conflict, Belchite gives a rare glimpse of the intensity and destruction wrought by this terrible war.

Today a modern town of the same name sits alongside the ruins and visitors are relatively free to explore the old town’s remains. Among the most prominent structures within Belchite is the eerie Church of San Martin, which seems more like a medieval ruin than a victim of 20th century conflict. Other areas within the old town include the remains of the main street, the Church of San Juan and the Convent of San Agustín.

Certain areas of Belchite are restricted due to unstable structures and care is advised when visiting the site. Belchite features as one of our recommended key places to visit when touring Spain.

Casa-Museo Federico Garcia Lorca

The Casa-Museo Federico Garcia Lorca is dedicated to the life of Spanish poet, playwright and writer Federico Garcia Lorca. It is housed in the Huerta de San Vicente, the summer house of the Garcia Lorca family.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Casa-Museo Federico García Lorca, located in the Huerta de San Vicente, is a museum in Granada which is dedicated to the life, writings and cultural activities of the Spanish poet, playwright and prose writer Federico García Lorca.

The Huerta de San Vicente, which was the summer house of Lorca’s family between 1926 and 1936, is open to the public and filled with original furnishings and paintings, as well as an exhibition of Lorca’s writings and letters.

The Huerta de San Vicente (Orchard of Saint Vincent) is located in the expansive palm tree-filled Parque Federico García Lorca, a public park in Granada which was constructed in the 1990s in memory of the poet and playwright.

García Lorca wrote some of his most important works, such as ‘Bodas de Sangre’ (Blood Wedding), ‘Yerma’ or ‘Así que pasen cinco años’ (When Five Years Pass), in the house. García Lorca lived in the house during the days leading up to his detention and assassination by the supporters of the military rebels at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. García Lorca was targeted by his killers due to his sympathy for the Popular Front government elected in February 1936, his profound commitment to the progressive cultural, social and political project of the Second Republic (1931-1936), and for his open homosexuality. He was detained in killed in August 1936.

Lorca, who is among the most famous Spanish writers of the Twentieth Century, saw the house as a refuge and a tranquil and creative environment. In 1933, he wrote: “Later we spend all the summer together/ well I have to work a lot and it is there/ in my Huerta de San Vicente/ where I write my most tranquil theatre.”

Centre d'Interpretació 115 Dies, Corbera d’Ebre

The Centre d’Interpretació 115 Dies in Corbera d’Ebre is a museum dedicated to the bloody Battle of the Ebro in the Spanish Civil War.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Centre d'Interpretació 115 Dies in Corbera d’Ebre is a museum dedicated to the bloody Battle of the Ebro in the Spanish Civil War.

The Battle of the Ebro took place between 24th July and 18th November 1938 and was one of the final offensives launched by the Republican forces. Their defeat left Republican military capabilities severely diminished, paving the way for the eventual Nationalist victory.

The offensive was launched by Republican leader Juan Negrin, who was trying to relieve pressure from the Madrid front. The initial Republican attack failed to achieve a breakthrough and the resultant Nationalist counter-attack left the Republican forces in tatters and led to the withdrawal of the International Brigades.

The Republicans lost at least 30,000 dead and 20,000 wounded, while the Nationalists lost at least 30,000 killed and wounded.

The Centre d'Interpretació 115 Dies contains a number of exhibits that shows the battle’s progression and uses a number of video and audio guides to take visitors on a journey through the history of the battle.

It is a good place for those interested in the Ebro Battlefields to begin their travels and provides excellent views of the surrounding areas where much of the fighting took place.

General Archive of the Spanish Civil War

The General Archive on the Spanish Civil War holds vital records from this period of Spanish history.

DID YOU KNOW?

The General Archive on the Spanish Civil War in Salamanca holds vital records from this period of Spanish history and about the regime of General Franco. Today, visitors to the General Archive on the Spanish Civil War can also see a display of various photographs, posters and documents. Although it is mostly in Spanish, there are some explanations in other languages.

There is also a section on freemasonry including a 10-minute video. The masonic lodge can be visited.

Picasso Birthplace Museum

The Pablo Picasso Foundation Museum showcases original works by Pablo Picasso in its permanent collection and temporary exhibitions. The museum occupies the first floor of the building where the painter was born.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Picasso Birthplace Museum (Casa Natal Picasso) in Malaga, Spain, is dedicated not just to the artist’s work, but to giving an insight into his family life.

It was on 25 October 1881 that Pablo Picasso was born on the first floor of the building which now houses the Picasso Birthplace Museum. A series of works of the founder of Cubism and that of his artist father can be viewed in the Picasso Birthplace Museum as well as personal items belonging to his parents and a recreation of the 19th century hall as it would have been when the family lived there.

Refugi 307

Refugi 307 was one of thousands of bomb shelters built in Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War.

DID YOU KNOW?

Refugi 307 (Shelter 307) was one of thousands of bomb shelters built in Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War.

Intended to defend the citizens from the raids instigated by Franco and his army from 13 February 1937 onwards, these were built under houses, in metro stations and throughout the city, creating a virtual underworld and involving great cooperation between the people of Barcelona.

Comprised of over 400 metres of tunnels and with facilities such as a hospital, Refugi 307 is just one of these shelters and is now open to the public as part of the Barcelona History Museum. Visitors can tour Refugi 307 to see the way in which Barcelona’s citizens lived during the conflict.