Soviet Sites

If you’re looking to discover Soviet historical sites and want to find the best places to view Soviet-era history then you can explore our interactive map above or navigate further by using the links below.

Once you’ve explored the list of Soviet sites and selected those you wish to visit you can use our itinerary planner tool to plan your trip and then print off a free pocket guidebook. This indispensible holiday guide will help you make the most of your time exploring Soviet-era sites.

Our database of historic places is growing all the time, but we may not cover them all. Remember, if you know of other Soviet historical sites, remains or ruins, you can always add them to Trip Historic now by visiting our upload page.

Soviet Russia: Site Index

Photo by Andrew Kudrin (cc)

Kazan Cathedral

Kazan Cathedral is an imposing nineteenth century cathedral in St. Petersburg, Russia.

Kazan Cathedral, also known as The Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan and Kazanskiy Kafedralniy Sobor, is a large and impressive nineteenth century cathedral in St. Petersburg, Russia. Designed by Andrei Voronikhin , Kazan Cathedral was modelled on Rome’s Basilica of St Paul and completed in 1811. Kazan Cathedral has had... Read More

Photo by eimoberg (cc)

Lenin’s Mausoleum

Lenin’s Mausoleum is a granite crypt where visitors are invited to see the mummified body of former Soviet leader, Vladimir Lenin.

Lenin’s Mausoleum is the final resting place of one of Russia’s most famous and ruthless leaders, Vladimir Lenin. Lenin’s Mausoleum borders Moscow’s Red Square. Born Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov on 22 April 1870, Lenin was a member of the Bolshevik division of Russia’s Social Democratic Workers’ Party. A revolutionary thinker and philosopher... Read More

Mask of Sorrow

The Mask of Sorrow is a stark reminder of those who perished in Soviet prison camps.

The Mask of Sorrow is a monument in Magadan in Russia dedicated to those who died in Soviet gulags. The gulags were prison camps first used by the Bolsheviks and then vastly expanded between 1934 and 1951, particularly under soviet leader, Joseph Stalin. Notoriously brutal and famously remote, the gulags were... Read More

Photo by Historvius

Museum of Genocide Victims

The Museum of Genocide Victims in Vilnius focuses on human cost of the Soviet occupation of Lithuania.

The Museum of Genocide Victims, commonly known as the KGB Museum, is dedicated to the history of Lithuania under the Soviet rule between 1940-1941 and 1944-1991. As its name suggests, it is particularly focused on the repressions against the Lithuanian people. Fittingly, the Museum of Genocide Victims is housed in... Read More

Perm 36 Gulag

Perm 36 is the best preserved of Stalin’s Gulags, near the border with Siberia.

Perm-36 was one of many Gulags established under the Soviet regime of Joseph Stalin and the best-preserved of its kind. Essentially, Gulags were forced labour or concentration camps for prisoners of the state, including criminals and political prisoners such as human rights activists and anyone deemed to be opposed to... Read More

Red Square

Red Square is a world famous public plaza in Moscow in Russia and the site of many important social, political and military events.

Red Square (Krasnaya Ploshad) is a public plaza in Moscow in Russia and one of the most famous squares in the world. In fact, it is of such historical importance that it is a UNESCO World Heritage historic site. Originally intended to be a marketplace for the city, the name “Red... Read More

The Dneprovsky Mine

The Dneprovsky Mine was a soviet prison camp in eastern Russia under Joseph Stalin.

The Dneprovsky Mine was a Soviet prison camp in eastern Russia and is now one of the best preserved of its kind. Operating between 1941 and 1955, the Dneprovsky Mine was a tin mining site used by Joseph Stalin as one of his infamous gulags. The gulags were prison camps which... Read More

The Kremlin

The Kremlin has been the seat of Russian power for centuries and was the site of many significant historical events. Today it houses several impressive museums and is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The Kremlin (Kreml) is an iconic symbol of Russian statehood and forms the seat of its political power. Characterised by colourful domes and opulent buildings, this vast triangular shaped complex, together known as The Kremlin, spans an area of around 28 hectares and includes several beautiful palaces, numerous churches and... Read More

The Peter and Paul Fortress

The Peter and Paul Fortress in St Petersburg is an 18th century fort turned political prison listed by UNESCO.

The Peter and Paul Fortress (Petropavlovskaya Krepost) was the first building or structure built by Peter the Great in the city of St Petersburg. A giant fortification, the Peter and Paul Fortress was founded in 1703 in order to defend the city from Swedish attack as, at the time, Russia and... Read More

The Smolny Institute

The Smolny Institute was Lenin’s seat of power during the October Revolution.

The Smolny Institute, now partially the Lenin Museum, is a classical pastel-coloured building in St. Petersburg which was Vladimir Lenin’s headquarters. It fulfilled this role during the October Revolution in which he led the Bolsheviks into power. The Smolny Institute originally served as a finishing school for aristocratic girls. However in... Read More