Ottoman Sites

If you’re looking to discover Ottoman sites and want to find the best places to view Ottoman Empire history then you can explore our interactive map above or navigate further by using the links below.

There’s a great selection of Ottoman Empire sites and you can plan some fantastic things to see on your trips. Once you’ve explored the list of Ottoman sites and selected those you wish to visit you can use our itinerary planner tool to plan your trip and then print off a free pocket guidebook. This indispensible holiday guide will help you make the most of your time exploring Ottoman Empire sites.

Our database of Ottoman historic places is growing all the time, but we may not cover them all. Remember, if you know of other Ottoman Empire sites, remains or ruins, you can always add them to Trip Historic now by visiting our upload page.

Ottoman Empire: Site Index

Photo by Shayan (USA) (cc)


Acre is a UNESCO listed site of a city in Israel fortified by the Crusaders and the Ottomans.

Photo by Eaglestein (cc)

Alanya Castle

With Hellenistic foundations, this magnificent Seljuk ruin sits atop a 250m high peninsular overlooking the Mediterranean sea.

Photo by Allie_Caulfield (cc)

Alanya Citadel

Part of Alanya Castle, the Citadel (or Ickale) dates back to the 6th century and offers magnificent views.

Photo by salihigde (cc)

Anadolu Hisari

Anadolu Hisari was built by the Ottoman Sultan Beyazid I in 1395.

Photo by Historvius

Belogradchik Fortress

Belogradchik Fortress is an impressive fortification in Bulgaria with a history dating back to Roman times and later occupied by the Ottomans.

Photo by etrusko25 (cc)


Berat is a popular historic town in Albania containing an impressive 13th century castle as well as interesting museums.

Photo by arteunporro (cc)

Beylerbeyi Palace

Beylerbeyi Palace is a nineteenth century palace built by Ottoman Sultan Abdulaziz to house important guests.

Photo by xiquinhosilva (cc)

Dolmabahce Palace

Dolmabahce Palace is an opulent nineteenth century palace which twice served as the seat of the Ottoman Empire.

Photo by Historvius

Fil’akovo Castle

Fil’akovo Castle is a medieval site on the current Slovak Hungarian border and the former frontier of the Ottoman Empire.

Photo by access.denied (cc)

Galata Tower

Galata Tower is a medieval turreted tower first built by the Genoese in 1348 and later restored by the Ottomans.

Photo by stefanedberg (cc)

Grandmasters Palace - Rhodes

The Grandmasters Palace of Rhodes was the base of the Knights Hospitaller of St John and was captured by the Ottomans.

Photo by David Spender (cc)

Hagia Sophia

One of the most famous Ottoman sites, the Hagia Sophia is a world famous sixth century church turned mosque in Istanbul.

Photo by ae35unit (cc)

Istanbul Archaeology Museum

The Istanbul Archaeology Museum houses around a million artefacts from an impressive range of cultures and periods.

Photo by Allie_Caulfield (cc)


Part of Alanya Castle, the Kizilkule or Red Tower was built in 1226 and stands 29 meters high.

Photo by Historvius


Melnik is said to be Bulgaria’s smallest town yet has quite a few historic buildings, several from the medieval period.

Photo by mahaz (cc)

Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts

The Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts is a site through which visitors can explore both the cultural and political history of Turkey.

Paphos Castle

Paphos Castle is a medieval fortification in Paphos Harbour. The current structure was built by the Ottomans.

Rumeli Fortress

The Rumeli Fortress was built by Mehmet the Conqueror as part of his campaign to capture Constantinople.

St Savior in Chora

St Savior in Chora is an eleventh century church turned mosque and, more recently, a museum known as Kariye Muzesi.

Photo by Historvius

The Blue Mosque

One of the most picyuresque Ottoman sites, the Blue Mosque was the ambitious creation of a young sultan and would become one of Istanbul’s most iconic landmarks.

Photo by Historvius

The Skopje Aqueduct

The Skopje Aqueduct is a stone aqueduct in Macedonia, possibly built by the Romans.

The White Tower of Thessaloniki

The White Tower of Thessaloniki, is a cylindrical stone tower monument and museum in the city of Thessaloniki, capital of the Macedonian region of northern Greece.

Topkapı Palace

Topkapı Palace is a fifteenth century former residence of the Ottoman Sultans and a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Van Castle

Van Castle was built in the Iron Age as part of the Urartu Kingdom and now stands as a stunning ruin in modern Turkey.

Photo by By Ramblurr (cc)

Yedikule Zindanlari

Yedikule Zindanlari is an impressive Byzantine and medieval fort in Istanbul.

Photo by nameer. (cc)

Yildiz Palace Museum

Built in the 1880s as a hilltop sultanate retreat, the vast 123 acre Yildiz Palace complex overlooks the mighty Bosphorus and is a stunning example of 19th century Ottoman architecture.

Photo by Benh LIEU SONG (cc)

Zelve Open Air Museum

Spread out over three monastic valleys, Zelve, around 10km from Göreme on the Avanos road is a visually stunning town of homes and churches carved into the rocks and it was continually inhabited from the ninth century until as recently as 1952.