About Liverpool Cathedral
Liverpool Cathedral, a blend of modernist and gothic architecture, is a magnificent monument - the largest Cathedral in Britain, and the fifth largest in the world.
The construction of the cathedral actually occurred relatively recently. After Liverpool became a diocese in the 19th Century, it was considered that the construction of a cathedral was necessary given Liverpool's status in the Anglican Church. This was especially the case given that the parish church of St. Peter, which was serving as a pro-cathedral, was too small to be adequate to the task.
After the decision was taken to erect a cathedral more fitting to the city of Liverpool, a competition was run in 1901, adjudicated by two prominent architects, George Bodley and Norman Shaw. Perhaps ironically given that this was to be an Anglican cathedral, the winner came from a Roman Catholic family. Equally notable was that the winner was only twenty-two years of age, and hadn't yet produced any buildings. Despite these factors, it was Giles Gilbert Scott whose design was approved in 1903. Given Scott's inexperience, George Bodley was appointed joint-architect, and the foundation stone was laid by King Edward VII the following year.
Knighted later on in his career, Scott hailed from a famous architecture family. He failed to get on with his joint-architect Bodley, and would have even resigned had it not been for Bodley's sudden death in 1907. Despite his tender years, Scott was certainly not lacking in confidence, and in 1910, he decided he was not satisfied with his original design, and managed to persuade the cathedral committee to accept a completely new design. Scott continued to make refinements up until his death, which sadly occurred before the Cathedral was completed. Scott died in 1960, one year before the Cathedral was handed over to the Dean. Liverpool Cathedral was finally completed in 1978, having suffered numerous interruptions due to the two world wars. In fact, George VI and Queen Elizabeth the Queen mother both visited the Cathedral during the blitz to offer their encouragement to continue building. Queen Elizabeth was present at the service of thanksgiving to mark the building's completion.
In addition to its size, Liverpool Cathedral boasts a number of other records. The arches are the largest Gothic arches ever built, and the cathedral contains the largest working church organ in the world. It also has the world's heaviest and highest ringing peal of bells. Entrance is free, however the Tower and audio tour tickets are highly recommended. The tower stands at 154m above the river Mersey, and affords a spectacular view over the city. The tower also hosts an embroidery collection, containing a fine collection of Victorian and Edwardian ecclesiastical embroidery.
The beautiful Lady Chapel contains a 15th century statue of the Virgin Mary, and also portrait windows of noble women, including local Liverpool heroes, Kitty Wilkinson (helper of the poor) and Agnes Jones (a nurse). The Great Space hosts a newly built theatre, where guests can learn about the history of the cathedral, and watch an interactive exhibition on the computers. The Great Space is of course breathtaking in its own right. The cathedral also contains one of Scott's most famous creations, the red cast iron box used to make telephone calls.
Contributed by Chris Reid