Fort Saint Nicholas

Marseille , Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur , France

About Fort Saint Nicholas

Fort Saint Nicholas in Marseille is a fortification built by King Louis XIV between 1660 and 1664, supposedly to defend the city’s port, but also to quell the uprising of the people of the city against their governor. In fact, its guns, like those of its contemporary, Fort Saint Jean, pointed at the city, not away from it.

In the eighteenth century, Fort Saint Nicholas was used as a military prison and garrisoned. In 1790, during the French Revolution, the people of Marseille sacked Fort Saint Nicholas, however the Assemblée Nationale put an end to this destruction a mere month later.

Fort Saint Nicholas was then restored in the early nineteenth century – the newer parts are discernable because they are grey in colour as opposed to the pink of the original brickwork.

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Marseille History Museum

The Marseille History Museum chronicles the city’s history including artefacts from ancient Greek and Roman times.

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Fort Saint Jean

Fort Saint Jean was built in the seventeenth century in Marseille and later used as a prison during the French Revolution.

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