About Bannockburn Battlefield
Bannockburn Battlefield was the site where Scottish leader Robert the Bruce defeated the English, repelling their attempts to control Scotland and once again affirming its sovereignty. The Battle of Bannockburn was a key clash in the Wars of Scottish Independence.
Robert the Bruce had been crowned king of the Scots in 1306 (Robert I), but later suffered several defeats at the hands of the English and was soon forced to flee. However, he came back to Scotland and waged a guerrilla war against the English, one that proved very successful.
In 1314, King Edward II of England was marching a large army towards Stirling Castle, a stronghold which had changed hands several times between the English and the Scottish. It was under English rule at the time, but also under siege. Determined to stop the king’s progress towards Stirling, Robert the Bruce positioned his army a Bannock Burn.
The Battle of Bannockburn began on 23 June 1314 and, despite having a much smaller army – roughly 5,000 Scots to 18,000 English – Robert the Bruce managed to repel the English by the next day. King Edward fled, whilst many of the English soldiers were killed or were taken prisoner.
Today, Bannockburn Battlefield is managed by the Scottish National Trust and offers a series of interesting attractions including a dramatic equestrian statue of Robert the Bruce, There is also a heritage centre, with information about the battle itself.