Historic sites in Ethiopia

If you’re looking to discover Historic Sites in Ethiopia, you can explore our interactive map above or navigate further by using the links below.

It is generally believed that Ethiopia is the earliest site of human habitation and the land from which Homo sapiens emerged into the rest of the world. From times of antiquity and for centuries, Ethiopia would be ruled by various dynasties and kingdoms, something which is evidenced at the Historic Sites in Ethiopia such as Yeha.

You can learn more about the Historic Sites in Ethiopia here, use our itinerary planner tool to plan out a trip and then print off a free pocket guidebook.

We are adding to our database of historic sites all the time, but we may not cover them all. So, if you know of other Historic Sites in Ethiopia, you can always add them to Trip Historic now by visiting our upload page.

Ethiopia: Site Index

Photo by gabagoo (cc)

Axum

Believed to have been called home by the Queen of Sheba at one time, Axum is one of the main historic places in Ethiopia and among the supposed sites of the Ark of the Covenant.

Axum (Aksum) is a city in the North of Ethiopia. Once the capital of the region, it is still a comparatively large city, with a population of around 50,000 people. Axum is most famous for being one of the supposed sites of the Ark of the Covenant, in the care of... Read More

Photo by A.Davey (cc)

Harar Jugol

Harar Jugol is an important UNESCO listed fortified historic town in Ethiopia.

Harar Jugol, also known simply as Harar, was an important 16th century capital and remains an important fortified historic town in Ethiopia. It served as a vital trade route from the late 16th to 19th centuries and is also said to be the fourth holiest city of Islam. Today, Harar Jugol... Read More

Photo by Caffe Vita (cc)

Harar Jugol Wall

The Harar Jugol Wall is the medieval fortification surrounding the former capital of the Harari Kingdom.

The Harar Jugol Wall in Harar Jugol is the historic fortification surrounding the Ethiopian city which acted as the capital of the Harari Kingdom from 1520 to 1568. Built between the 13th and 16th centuries, the Harar Jugol Wall once had five historic gates which each opened onto main travel... Read More

Photo by Historvius

Lalibela Rock Churches

Famed for its eleven medieval rock cut churches, Lalibela is one of the historic sites in Ethiopia designated a World Heritage site.

Lalibela, named after a 12th century king of Ethiopia, is famous for its amazing rock cut churches. Carved out of the rock rather than built with stone (see also Petra in Jordan), each of these eleven churches  has been excavated from the rock, cutting down up to 40 feet then... Read More

The Yeha Temple

The Yeha Temple is thought to be the oldest standing building in the country, making it one of the best-known historic sites in Ethiopia.

The Yeha Temple, also known as the Great Temple of Yeha, is possibly the oldest standing building in Ethiopia, dating back, it is thought, to around 700 BC. It harks back to the earliest religions of the area and contains some Judaic artefacts, perhaps giving some credence to claim of the early... Read More