Historic sites in Estonia

From prehistoric hunter gatherers to the great Khmer Empire, French colonialisation to independence and through to the rule of the Khmer Rouge, Historic Sites in Estonia reveal a diverse story which has shaped this nation.

If you’re looking to explore Historic Sites in Estonia and the surrounding area, our interactive map above shows a selection of the sites to see, or you can navigate further by using the links below. You can plan some great things to see on your trips by browsing our selection of Historic Sites in Estonia. Once you’ve explored the Historic Sites in Estonia you can use our itinerary planner tool to plan out your trip and then print off a free pocket guidebook.

We are continuing to add to our database of historic sites and it’s growing all the time, but we may not cover them all. So, if you know of other Historic Sites in Estonia, you can always add them to Trip Historic now by visiting our upload page.

Estonia: Site Index

Pirita Convent

Among the more picturesque historic sites in Estonia is the Pirita Convent, a ruined 15th century nunnery of the order of St. Bridget.

DID YOU KNOW?

Pirita Convent (Pirita klooster) was an important 15th century nunnery of the order of St. Bridget and now stands as a picturesque ruin in modern-day Estonia. At the time it was constructed, the city of Tallinn - where it was based - was already a trading hub and the idea to build Pirita Convent was first mooted by some of its merchants. Yet, it would take several years to begin building the convent.

In 1407, the people of Tallinn received advice from two monks visiting from Vadstena Abbey in Sweden. It would take another decade to get the required permits to begin construction, which began in 1417. The church of Pirita Convent was finally consecrated on 15 August 1436 and had 13 altars, each dedicated to an apostle.

Pirita Convent would continue orperating for some 150 years, eventually suffering destruction at the hands of Russian forces in 1575.

Toompea Castle

Toompea Castle in Tallinn is one of the best known historic sites in Estonia. A military and administrative stronghold for hundreds of years, it now houses the Estonian Parliament.

DID YOU KNOW?

Toompea Castle in Tallinn is the site of the Estonian Parliament and has been a central administrative and military centre for hundreds of years.

The first recorded construction on the site of Toompea Castle was established in the 9th century AD, when a wooden castle was constructed by the local Estonian rulers. However, in 1219 the castle was attacked and conquered by a Danish force under Valdemar II.

The first stone castle was built on the site in 1227 by the German Knights of the Sword.

Over the following centuries, Toompea Castle was a stronghold for the various regimes who ruled the region. A major construction phase was undertaken on the site by Catherine the Great, who built the Estonian Government Administration building in the castle.

Upon Estonian independence new developments were brought to the Toompea Castle site and the new parliament buildings were unveiled in the early 1920s.

Today, Toompea Castle reflects the numerous phases of its construction, with medieval fortifications blending into latter-period Czarist architechture and the early 20th century parliament building (the Riigikogu).

Visitors can also see the famous Pikk Hermann tower, which stands 46m high and is an Estonian national icon.