Historic Sites in England

historic sites in englandReflecting a wealth of myriad influences, the Historic Sites in England are as diverse as this island nation's history.

Indeed, the country we know today as England has witnessed the rise and fall of many cultures, civilisations and empires. From pre-historic peoples to Celtic tribes, Roman conquerors and Anglo-Saxon and Norman invaders, England is a country forged of many influences.

The rise of the English state and its eventual transformation into the United Kingdom has also ensured that many remarkable historic sites remain to remind us of the diverse story of the country.

Today, the historic sites of England range from the most famous and popular tourist destinations - such as Buckingham Palace, Stonehenge and Windor Castle - to lesser-known and often hidden sites well off the standard visitor trails.

In reality, there’s a huge selection of historic sites in England and you can plan some great things to see on your trips by browsing our list. Once you’ve explored the historic sites of England you can use our itinerary planner tool to plan out your trip and then print off a free pocket guidebook and use it when visiting your favourite historical places in England.

Our database of English historic sites is growing all the time, but we may not cover them all. Remember, if you know of other historic sites in England, you can always add them to Trip Historic now by visiting our upload page.

Popular UK Destinations: The Cotswolds Historic Sites

Historical sites in England: Regional Index

England: Editor's Picks

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1. Hadrian’s Wall

Hadrian’s Wall is a magnificent remnant of Roman Britain and is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Hadrian’s Wall is a magnificent remnant of Roman Britain and is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Built under the rule of Roman Emperor Hadrian between 122 and 130 AD, it took six legions to complete this once 73 mile wall – 80 miles by Roman measurements. At the time of its... Read More

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2. Fountains Abbey

Fountains Abbey was once a thriving monastery until Henry VIII’s Dissolution of the Monasteries. Its ruins are a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Fountains Abbey in Yorkshire, UK, was founded in 1132 after thirteen monks were exiled from St. Mary’s Abbey. The archbishop of York, Thurstan, gave these monks new land on which to found their own monastery and, despite the rough nature of the site, their newly built monastery was admitted to... Read More

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3. Windsor Castle

Windsor Castle is the oldest occupied castle in the world and the official home of the Queen.

Windsor Castle is the oldest occupied castle in the world. Covering an area of approximately 13 acres, it contains a wide range of interesting features. These include the State Apartments, Queen Mary’s dolls house and the beautiful St George’s Chapel. It is also the burial place of ten monarchs, including... Read More

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4. Stonehenge

Stonehenge is a mysterious collection of vast stone circles dating back to around 3000 BC and a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Stonehenge in Wiltshire is a world renowned, magnificent site consisting of standing (and lying) stones, some transported from South Wales. The construction of Stonehenge took place between 3000 BC and 1600 BC and is considered to be one of the most impressive structures of its time, especially considering each stone... Read More

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5. Buckingham Palace

Buckingham Palace has been the royal residence of British monarchs since the reign of Queen Victoria.

Buckingham Palace has been the official residence of Britain's monarchs since 1837, at the start of the reign of Queen Victoria. With its 775 rooms, Buckingham Palace was originally built for the Dukes of Buckingham at the beginning of the eighteenth century. In 1761, Buckingham Palace, then known as Buckingham House, was... Read More

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6. Portsmouth Historic Dockyard

Portsmouth Historic Dockyard contains three of the Britain’s most famous warships, namely the HMS Victory, HMS Warrior and Mary Rose.

Portsmouth Historic Dockyard contains three of the Britain’s most famous warships, namely the HMS Victory, HMS Warrior and Mary Rose (although the latter is currently not open to the public, due to reopen in 2012). Also housing the Royal Navy Museum and still part of an active naval base, Portsmouth Historic... Read More

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7. Leeds Castle

Leeds Castle in Kent was a twelfth century stronghold which has since served as a royal palace, a prison and as a stately home.

Leeds Castle was originally constructed as a fortification in 1119 by Robert de Crevecoeur, a lord under William the Conqueror. In 1278, Leeds Castle took on a different role, as a royal palace to King Edward I, who expanded it, adding further elements such as an impressive barbican. Leeds Castle passed through... Read More

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8. Westminster Abbey

Westminster Abbey is an iconic medieval structure and the site of many historic royal events, from coronations and weddings to burials.

Westminster Abbey is an iconic medieval structure and the site of many historic royal and national events, from coronations and weddings to burials and even deaths. Centrally located in London, Westminster Abbey was first constructed in the eleventh century by King Edward the Confessor, a Saxon king who dedicated this... Read More

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9. Blenheim Palace

Blenheim Palace is the birthplace of Sir Winston Churchill.

Blenheim Palace was built as a gift to the Duke of Marlborough following his victory over French forces at the Battle of Blenheim in 1704. On 30 November 1874, it also became the birthplace of Sir Winston Churchill, one of Britain’s greatest leaders. Today it is home to the 12th... Read More

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10. Arundel Castle

Originally built in the 11th Century, Arundel Castle is the historic home of the Dukes of Norfolk and has been continually occupied and renovated over the centuries. One of many castles amongst the Historic Sites of England.

Arundel Castle is the historic home of the Dukes of Norfolk and has been occupied by their line for over 850 years. Amongst the dynasties to have inhabited Arundel Castle was the highly influential Howard family whose number included Catherine Howard, wife of Henry VIII. The first structure on the... Read More

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11. Temple Church

The Temple Church in London was established by the Knights Templar in the twelfth century.

The Temple Church in Central London is named after the Knights Templar, who founded it in the twelfth century. Consecrated on 10 February 1185, probably in the presence of King Henry II, Temple Church became the British headquarters of this famous Christian charitable and military order who played an important... Read More

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12. Battle Abbey and Battlefield

Battle Abbey and Battlefield is an iconic site in England, being the location of the Battle of Hastings in 1066. It is one of the most historically important Historic Sites in England.

Battle Abbey and Battlefield, also known as 'Hastings Battlefield', was the site of the Battle of Hastings in October 1066. The Battle of Hasting saw William, Duke of Normandy, become William I, King of England after defeating King Harold II, who was killed in the conflict. William I is also known... Read More

England: Site Index

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10 Downing Street

10 Downing Street is the home of the Prime Minister of the UK and one of many Historic Sites in England which are also political centres.

10 Downing Street in London has been the residence of every British Prime Minister since 1730, when it was presented to Sir Robert Walpole. Walpole, Britain's first Prime Minister, and architect William Kent converted the three existing buildings of 10 Downing Street into a single large one, known collectively by... Read More

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A La Ronde

A La Ronde is a sixteen-sided 18th century historic house located in Devon and operated by the National Trust.

A La Ronde is a unique sixteen-sided 18th century historic house located in Devon and operated by the National Trust. Built in 1796 for Jane and Mary Parminter its design is supposedly based on the Basilica of San Vitale, a church in Ravenna, Italy. The cousins were widely travelled and the... Read More

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Abbey House Museum

A living history museum, Abbey House recreates authentic Victorian streets to reflect 19th century life.

Abbey House Museum in Leeds is a living history museum which takes visitors into the very heart of 19th century life. Housed in the building which once stood as the gatehouse for the 12th century Kirkstall Abbey, the museum now contains a host of re-created houses and shops designed to reflect... Read More

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Acton Burnell Castle

The picturesque Acton Burnell Castle is a ruined English fortified Manor near Shrewsbury.

Acton Burnell Castle is a ruined 13th century English fortified manor located south of Shrewsbury, UK. Made up of partially-preserved red sandstone walls, the site is a picturesque shell which makes for a peaceful, atmospheric visit. Originally built around 1284, Acton Burnell Castle belonged to Robert Burnell, a powerful local landowner... Read More

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Aesica Roman Fort

Aesica was one of several Roman Forts build along the line of Hadrian’s Wall. It is thought to have been constructed in the early 2nd century.

Aesica was one of several Roman Forts build along the line of Hadrian’s Wall. It is thought to have been constructed in the early 2nd century - probably around 128 AD. Today it’s remains sit directly alongside a modern farm complex. Unlike other forts along Hadrian’s Wall, Aesica is actually located... Read More

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Aldborough Roman Site

Aldborough was originally the capital and stronghold of the Brigantes, who controlled vast swathes of Northern England, before becoming Romanised in the first century AD.

Aldborough Roman Site contains the remains of the Roman town of Isurium Brigantium as well as an interesting museum looking at the history of the settlement. Before the Roman occupation, the region in which modern Aldborough stands was ruled by the Celtic Brigantes. The Brigantes were one of the dominant tribes... Read More

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All Hallows by the Tower

One of the oldest churches in London, All Hallows by the Tower contains Roman and Saxon remains as well as other interesting elements.

The church of All Hallows by the Tower has a history dating back to Saxon times and ranks among the oldest churches in London. Originally built around 675AD, the church of All Hallows was actually constructed on top of earlier Roman buildings, elements of which can still be seen today. Over... Read More

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Alnwick Castle

Ever wanted to head to Hogwarts? Why not visit Alnwick Castle? This historic site in Northumberland is home to the Harry Potter Franchise and is one of the largest castles in England.

Alnwick Castle in Northumberland is one of the largest castle complexes in England and has been the historic home of the famous Percy family for over 700 years. It has risen to more recent fame due to its role as the location of Hogwarts in the Harry Potter movie franchise. A... Read More

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Althorp House and Estate

Althorp is a country house and estate which has been home to the Spencer dynasty for over 500 years. It includes an exhibition on the life and work of Princess Diana and is one of many historic houses among the Historic Sites of England.

Althorp house and estate in Northamptonshire is the home of the Spencer family, one of Britain's well-known aristocratic dynasties and family of Princess Diana. The Spencer family has lived at Althorp for over 500 years. Built in the early 16th Century, Althorp House became the home of the Spencer... Read More

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Ambleside Roman Fort

The remains of Ambleside Roman Fort date from the 2nd century and are located on the shores of Lake Windermere.

The remains of Ambleside Roman Fort date from the 2nd century and are located on the shores of Lake Windermere. Built during the reign of the Emperor Hadrian, it served as a supply base to the larger fortifications at Hadrian’s Wall as well as being used to keep order in the... Read More

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Anglesey Abbey

Anglesey Abbey is a Jacobean-style mansion in Cambridgeshire, built on the site of a medieval priory and now boasting unique cultural collections, impressive gardens and a fully functioning water mill.

The historic Anglesey Abbey is a Jacobean-style mansion in Cambridgeshire, which was built on the site of a medieval priory. It is believed that the site Anglesey Abbey was first used as a monastery around 1100AD and grew to become a thriving monastic settlement throughout the early middle ages. However, like... Read More

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Anne of Cleves House

This historic Tudor house in Lewes was once the property of Anne of Cleves and highlights the history of Tudors England.

This historic Tudor house in the English town of Lewes was once the property of Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of Henry VIII. Owned and maintained by the Sussex archaeological society, the house and exhibits within give an excellent insight into Tudor life. Today Anne of Cleves House has been... Read More

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Apsley House

Apsley House was the home of one of Britain’s most heroic figures, the Duke of Wellington.

Apsley House was the home of one of Britain’s most heroic figures, Arthur Wellesley better known as the Duke of Wellington. In fact, Wellington lived there following his most famous victory, that over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. Named after the Baron Apsley, who originally built it in... Read More

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Arbeia Roman Fort

Arbeia Roman Fort was one of the wall forts of Hadrian’s Wall and a military supply base for the other forts. It is one of the ancient Historic Sites in England.

Arbeia Roman Fort was built in around 160 AD and guarded Hadrian’s Wall and the entrance to the River Tyne. One of many wall forts along the wall, Arbeia Roman Fort also acted as a military supply base. Today, Arbeia Roman Fort has been partially reconstructed, allowing visitors to really experience... Read More

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Arthur’s Stone

Arthur’s Stone is a mysterious burial chamber in Herefordshire and one of many prehistoric Historic Sites in England.

Arthur’s Stone is a tomb in Herefordshire dating back to the Neolithic era marked by a collection of large stones. Little is known about this site and there is little to see, but the mystery of Arthur's Stone is one which continues to inspire debate. Arthur's Stone is an English Heritage... Read More

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Ashby Castle

One of the Historic Sites in England to date back to the English Civil War, Ashby Castle was a Royalist stronghold.

Ashby Castle or ‘Ashby de la Zouch’ is a twelfth century manor house turned castle, the ruins of which can be seen in Leicestershire. Originally constructed during Norman times, Ashby Castle was the property of the Zouch family until the end of the fourteenth century. Expanded and renovated, Ashby Castle achieved... Read More

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Ashmolean Museum

The Ashmolean Museum is a museum of the University of Oxford specialising in art and archaeology.

The Ashmolean Museum is a museum of the University of Oxford specialising in art and archaeology. From a Predynastic Egyptian hippopotamus shaped pottery to a Neolithic skull and a Minoan clay jar, the Ashmolean Museum has an eclectic antiquities collection as well as an interesting ancient cast gallery. There... Read More

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Aston Hall

Aston Hall is an imposing Jacobean mansion house in Birmingham, which now operates as a museum.

Aston Hall is an imposing Jacobean historic mansion house in Aston, Birmingham, which now operates as a museum. Built between 1618 and 1635, it was designed by John Thorpe and was an active residence until the late 19th century when it was sold and fell into disuse before being restored and... Read More

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Avebury Ring

Avebury Ring is a vast Neolithic stone circle, probably the largest in the world, and is one of the Historic Sites in England which is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Avebury Ring in Wiltshire, England, is a stone monument which encircles the town of Avebury and is believed to have been constructed between 2850 and 2200 BC. Now comprised of a bank and a ditch with a 1.3 kilometre circumference containing 180 stones making up an inner and outer circle, the... Read More

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Bamburgh Castle

An imposing historic sites in England, Bamburgh Castle is a grand structure which looms high upon a crag overlooking the coast of Northumberland.

Bamburgh Castle is a grand structure which looms high upon a crag overlooking the coast of Northumberland. It looks like everything one would expect of the former home of the kings of Northumbria, even though the castle which currently stands is actually relatively young. The site upon which Bamburgh Castle is... Read More

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Banqueting House

The Banqueting House in Whitehall is famous as the site of the execution of King Charles I and one of the most important historical sites in England in terms of key moments in the history of the country.

The Banqueting House in Whitehall, near Horseguards Parade, is the only complete building of the Palace of Whitehall to remain standing. The original Palace of Whitehall was acquired from Cardinal Wolsey by Henry VIII and was a royal residence until James I came to the throne in 1603. The Banqueting House... Read More

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Barley Hall

Barley Hall is a Town House in the middle of York, reflecting the lives of a wealthy family at the end of the 15th Century.

Barley Hall is a good example of a medieval Town house. Built 1360 for the use of the monks of Nostell priory, near Wakefield, for when they had business in York. It was extended by a wing which was added around 1430. For centuries, Barley Hall was lost under a series... Read More

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Barnard Castle

Barnard Castle contains the ruins of a Norman stronghold which was later owned by Richard III.

The charming ruins of Barnard Castle in County Durham sit above the small market town of the same name. The first stone fortifications were built on the site by the Norman lord Guy de Baliol, who was granted the estate by William Rufus in 1095AD. However, it was under his nephew... Read More

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Bath Abbey

Bath Abbey was built from the late fifteenth century, destroyed by Henry VIII and restored under Elizabeth I.

Bath Abbey is an imposing medieval church built from 1499 on the site of a once vast but ruined Norman cathedral. In fact, the first church to be built on the site of Bath Abbey was an eighth century Anglo-Saxon church torn down by the Normans after 1066 and replaced... Read More

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Battle of Barnet

One of the most decisive and bloody encounters of the Wars of the Roses, this is one of several battlefields and historic sites in England from that period.

The Battle of Barnet took place on the 14th of April 1471 and was one of the most decisive and bloody encounters of the Wars of the Roses. In 1470 an alliance between Edward IV’s former ally, the Earl of Warwick, and his Lancastrian enemies had forced the Yorkist leader to... Read More

Battle of Mortimer’s Cross

Wars of the Roses batlle, leading to the death of Owen Tudor.

The Battle of Mortimer’s Cross was fought in the middle of winter on 2nd February 1461. A Yorkist army, under the command of Edward, Earl of March (later Edward IV) intercepted a Lancastrian army, under the leadership of Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke, which was marching from Wales into England.... Read More

Battle of Northampton

The Battle of Northampton was a battle in the Wars of the Roses and a major victory for the Yorkists.

The Battle of Northampton was part of the Wars of the Roses and took place on the 10th July 1460. It was a major victory for the Yorkists. Having been defeated at the Battle of Blore Heath, it was not until the end of June 1460 that the Yorkists became... Read More

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Battle of Tewkesbury

A definitive battle of the Wars of the Roses, Tewkesbury was a resounding defeat for the Lancastrians, and led to fourteen years of peace from May 1471.

A definitive battle of the Wars of the Roses, the Battle of Tewkesbury was a resounding defeat for the Lancastrians, and led to fourteen years of peace from May 1471. In April 1471 the Lancastrian queen, Margaret, landed with her troops at Weymouth, where they were joined by the Duke of... Read More

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Bayham Old Abbey

Bayham Old Abbey was a medieval monastery dissolved by King Henry VIII.

A 13th century monastery of the Catholic Order of Canons Regular of Prémontré, the ruins of Bayham Old Abbey are located on the Kent-Sussex border. Dissolved in the sixteenth century during Henry VIII’s dissolution of the monasteries, Bayham Old Abbey’s original structure can still be made out from the partial remains... Read More

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Beamish Museum

An open air, living museum, Beamish recreates what life was like in the industrial age of Victorian and Edwardian Britain.

The lively open air museum at Beamish brings to life the industrial revolution in northern England and allows for a real hands-on approach to history. Within the Beamish complex there are multiple areas to explore. The museum tracks how life in the north of England changed during the industrial revolution and... Read More

Beamish Museum

A living, open air museum in County Durham with loads to do for the whole family, the Beamish Museum recreates what life was like in the industrial age of Victorian and Edwardian Britain.

The lively and fascinating open air museum at Beamish in County Durham brings to life the industrial revolution in northern England and allows for a real hands-on approach to history. Within the Beamish complex there are lots of areas to explore. The museum tracks how life in the north of... Read More

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Beaulieu Abbey

Beaulieu Abbey is an early 13th century historic monastic complex, partially destroyed in the reign of Henry VIII during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. The site is home to the National Motor Museum.

Nestled in the picturesque New Forest National Park, the ruins of Beaulieu Abbey represent what remains of an early 13th century monastic complex which was partially destroyed in the reign of Henry VIII during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Today, visitors can explore the remains of Beaulieu Abbey along with the... Read More

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Bede’s World

An interactive and living history museum, Bede's World tells the story of Anglo-Saxon life in Northumbria and the life of famous Anglo-Saxon writer Bede.

Bede's World is an interactive and living history museum in Jarrow, Tyne & Wear, which tells the story of Anglo-Saxon life in Northumbria and the life and times of the famous Anglo-Saxon writer Bede. The complex contains both a museum and a replica Anglo-Saxon farm, containing buildings constructed in the Anglo-Saxon... Read More

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Belas Knap Long Barrow

The Belas Knap Long Barrow is a well-preserved example of a Neolithic burial chamber located near Cheltenham.

The Belas Knap Long Barrow is a well-preserved example of a Neolithic burial chamber located near Cheltenham. It was built around 3000 BC and used for burials over a significant period until the chambers were deliberately blocked. Romano-British pottery found inside one of the burial chambers show that it was open... Read More

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Belton House

Belton House is a 17th century historic house in Lincolnshire which is now a popular visitor attraction.

Belton House is an historic mansion house in Lincolnshire which is now a popular visitor attraction. Built between 1685 and 1688 the house was the seat of the Brownlow and Cust families for over 300 years before it was gifted to the National Trust who operate the site today. The mansion... Read More

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Benjamin Franklin House

Benjamin Franklin House in London is the only surviving former residence of Benjamin Franklin, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States.

Benjamin Franklin House in London is the only surviving former residence of Benjamin Franklin, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A terraced Georgian house located close to Trafalgar Square, today the site operates as a museum and examines the time Franklin spent in London as well as his... Read More

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Berkeley Castle

Berkeley Castle was originally built nearly 1,000 years ago, but since then has undergone a number of changes and has been the site of many interesting – and sometimes bloody – events.

Berkeley Castle has been a feature of the Gloucestershire countryside since the 11th Century. Built by William FitzOsbern in 1067, it was one of many motte-and-bailey castles constructed by the Normans shortly after the Conquest of 1066. Before long it passed into the hands of the Berkeley family and was... Read More

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Berkhamsted Castle

Berkhamsted Castle was a medieval stronghold, the ruins of which lie in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire.

Berkhamsted Castle was originally a timber castle constructed in the eleventh century by William the Conqueror’s half-brother, Robert of Mortain. This was in the aftermath of William’s success in the Battle of Hastings in 1066. Located in the strategically important area of Berkhamsted, this motte and bailey castle was a vital... Read More

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Berwick Castle

Berwick Castle was a medieval castle, the ruins of which are located in Berwick-Upon-Tweed, Northumberland.

Berwick Castle was a medieval castle originally built by King David I of Scotland in the 12th century and rebuilt in the thirteenth century by King Edward I of England. Located near the border between Scotland and England, Berwick Castle was an important stronghold and changed hands between the two sides... Read More

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Big Ben

Big Ben is the name often attributed to the iconic clock tower of the Houses of Parliament.

Big Ben is often thought to be the name of the iconic clock tower of the Houses of Parliament. In fact, “Big Ben” is the nickname of one of the bells of this clock tower, originally called the Great Bell. It is unclear exactly where the name Big Ben originated, although... Read More

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Bignor Roman Villa

Bignor Roman Villa is a large Roman villa site on the Bignor estate and contains some of the best preserved Roman mosaics in Britain.

Bignor Roman Villa is a large Roman villa site on the Bignor estate. Situated in West Sussex, the Bignor Roman Villa complex hosts the remains of a 3rd century ancient Roman home. The site was developed over two centuries before it was abandoned – probably after the Roman withdrawal from... Read More

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Binchester Roman Fort

Binchester Roman Fort contains the remains of one of the largest Roman fortifications in northern Britain.

Binchester Roman Fort contains the remains of one of the largest Roman fortifications in northern Britain. Founded around 80 AD, the fort could play host to a considerable military force and was an important staging post for the Roman military in the region. Evidence found at the site show that the... Read More

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Birdoswald Roman Fort

Birdoswald Roman Fort is one of the best preserved of the wall forts of Hadrian’s Wall.

Birdoswald Roman Fort is not only one of the most well-preserved of the wall forts of the iconic Hadrian’s Wall, it is also next to some of the best stretches of this 73-mile barrier. At its peak, Birdoswald Roman Fort would have housed up to 1,000 soldiers who were there to... Read More

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Bishop's Waltham Palace

The ruins of the medieval Bishop’s Waltham Palace can be seen in Hampshire.

Bishop's Waltham Palace is a medieval castle in Hampshire built in the 12th century, although the current picturesque ruins mostly date from the early 14th century works of the Bishop William Wykeham. In its time, Bishop's Waltham Palace acted as a residence for a series of the Bishops of... Read More

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Bletchley Park

Bletchley Park was Station X, the central location of British code cracking operations during World War II.

Bletchley Park is a country estate fifty miles north of London. Originally the home of the Leon family in the late 19th century, Bletchley Park was then bought by a property developer, but in 1938 its role changed entirely from being a residential house to a vital British intelligence centre. As... Read More

Blore Heath

Blore Heath was the site of the second battle of what became known as the Wars of the Roses.

The Battle of Blore Heath took place on 23 September 1459 and formed part of the conflict known as the Wars of the Roses between the Houses of Lancaster and York over the succession to the English throne. Before the two sides met at Blore Heath, they had reached an agreement under... Read More

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Bodiam Castle

Perhaps one of England’s best known moated castles, Bodiam Castle was built in 1385. The castle suffered during the English Civil War and was restored before being bequeathed to the National Trust. It now ranks among the most beautiful castles in the world.

Perhaps one of Britain’s most picturesque castles, Bodiam Castle was built by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge in 1385 and is now a popular tourist attraction operated by the National Trust. Originally a manor home, Bodiam was converted into a castle by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge, who was granted a licence by Richard II... Read More

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Bolsover Castle

Bolsover Castle was once the site of a medieval fortress before its replacement with an ornate 17th century manor house modelled on a small castle. Now run by English Heritage.

Bolsover Castle near Chesterfield in Derbyshire contains the remains of a 17th century English mansion house, modelled on a medieval castle. The site where Bolsover Castle now stands once contained a small fortification; however this was dismantled in 1612 by the landowner Charles Cavendish, who began a fresh construction on the... Read More

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Bosworth Field - Actual Site

The Battle of Bosworth Field of 1485 resulted in the death of King Richard III and ascension of Henry VII to the throne.

The Battle of Bosworth Field was considered by some to be the last battle of the Wars of the Roses, the civil war between the Plantagenet kings of England. The Plantagenets were divided between the supporters of the successors to the Dukes of York (Edward IV, Edward V, and Richard... Read More

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Bosworth Field Visitor Centre

The Bosworth Field Visitor Centre is a good starting point for exploring the site of this famous clash from Wars of the Roses.

The Bosworth Field Visitor Centre contains a wealth of information, including displays and exhibitions, about the battle which is considered by many to have been the final (others say penultimate) battle of the Wars of the Roses – the Battle of Bosworth Field.  It is worth noting that, until October... Read More

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Boughton House

Boughton House is a French-influenced 17th-century English country house which is now periodically open to visitors.

Boughton House is a remarkable French-influenced 17th-century English country mansion in Northamptonshire which is now periodically open to visitors. Though a monastic building existed on the site of Boughton House in the Middle Ages, most of what can be seen today was constructed in the late 1600s by Ralph, 1st Duke... Read More

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Brading Roman Villa

Brading Roman Villa was a first to second century Ancient Roman farm on the Isle of Wight.

Brading Roman Villa was part of an Ancient Roman farm on the Isle of Wight and is now an archaeological site and museum. Thought to have first been constructed in the mid-first century, it is believed that Brading Roman Villa was developed into a stone structure by the middle of the... Read More

Branodunum Fort

Branodunum Fort is a 3rd century Roman fort located on the Norfolk coast.

Branodunum Fort is a 3rd century Roman fort located on the Norfolk coast. Built in around 225 to 250 AD, Branodunum Fort is in fact one of eleven such constructs, known as Saxon Shore Forts, found on England's southern and eastern coasts. Like its counterparts, Branodunum Fort was initially built... Read More

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Bremenium Roman Fort

Bremenium Roman Fort was an important Roman outpost and garrison located beyond the major fortifications of Hadrian’s Wall, near modern-day Rochester in Northumberland.

Bremenium Roman Fort was an important Roman outpost and garrison which was located beyond the major fortifications of Hadrian’s Wall, near modern-day Rochester in Northumberland. This heavily fortified garrison site stood for more than 200 years as the most northerly base in the entire Roman Empire. The fortress operated as an... Read More

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British Museum

The British Museum in London is a world-famous museum of history and culture.

The British Museum is one of the world’s foremost museums of history and anthropology. Based in London, the British Museum has some of the largest and most revered collections from around the globe ranging from Babylonian stonework and Samurai armour to pottery and glass from the Roman Empire. The British Museum... Read More

Brontë Parsonage Museum

Dedicated to the Bronte sisters and run by one of the oldest literary societies in the world, the Bronte Parsonage Museum in West Yorkshire is the perfect day out for anyone interested in Classical English literature.

This is the perfect day out for enthusiasts of the remarkably talented Bronte sisters. A museum set inside the house they spent the majority of their lives in, it is fully dedicated to their lives and work. Full of family memorabilia and original furniture, the museum is a... Read More

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Broughton Castle

Situated on the border of Oxfordshire, Broughton Castle is surrounded by a three acre moat, and set amongst the scenic parkland of Broughton park.

Broughton Castle in Oxfordshire is a medieval fortified manor house surrounded by a three acre moat and set amongst scenic parkland. In actual fact, Broughton is more a fortified manor house than a castle, and has been the family seat of the Fiennes family (who hold the title Lord and Lady... Read More

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Burgh Castle Roman Fort

The Roman Fort at Burgh Castle is one of the best preserved Roman sites in Britain. The walls of this impressive fortification remain in remarkably good condition - they survive on three sides and stretch as high as four metres.

The Roman Fort at Burgh Castle is one of the best preserved Roman sites in Britain. Built between 260 AD and 280 AD, the walls of this impressive fortification remain in remarkably good condition - they survive on three sides and stretch as high as four metres. Burgh Castle Roman Fort... Read More

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Bushey Museum

A small museum dedicated to the local history of the village of Bushey in Hertfordshire, which also contains an art gallery.

Bushey Museum in Hertfordshire is dedicated to the history of the local area as well as containing works from notable local artists. Bushey is a village which grew up on the coaching route from London to the North of England. It is mentioned in the Domesday book, which indicates just how... Read More

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Byland Abbey

Byland Abbey was a prominent twelfth century monastery which now lies as a pretty ruin in Yorkshire.

The ruins of the 12th century Byland Abbey rank among the most picturesque historic sites in England. As can be expected of an English monastery, Byland Abbey has endured a turbulent history. Book-ended by a difficult beginning and the dissolution of the monasteries under Henry VIII at the end, Byland was... Read More

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Cabinet War Rooms

The Cabinet War Rooms are part of the underground bunker complex in London where Winston Churchill and his government operated during World War Two.

The Cabinet War Rooms are part of the underground bunker complex in London where Winston Churchill and his government operated during World War Two. In the 1930’s, realising that there was likely to be a war, the government needed to build a bombproof shelter and cabinet war rooms from which to... Read More

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Camber Castle

Camber Castle is a vast sixteenth century fortification built by Henry VIII.

Camber Castle, also known as Winchelsea Castle, was one of a number of forts built by Henry VIII to protect England’s southern coast. Construction of Camber Castle began in 1539, a year after France and Spain had signed a treaty. At the time, the monarch built these fortifications to defend the... Read More

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Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

A museum that contains a variety of different artefacts from history, ranging from African and Native American art to Roman discoveries and world collections. A wonderful place to visit for those who have an active interest in anthropology and archaeology.

One of the most diverse museums in the UK, the Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology is one like no other, housing a variety of exhibitions showcasing history from every corner of the globe. Recent exhibitions such as ‘Artic Passages’, which showcases the Wordie artic expeditions of 1934 and 1937, and... Read More

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Canons Ashby House

Canons Ashby House is an Elizabethan manor house in Northamptonshire, now run by the National Trust.

Canons Ashby House is an Elizabethan manor house located in Northamptonshire, which is now run by the National Trust. Originally built in the mid-16th century, there were a number of major upgrades to the house over the next 150 years. Today, the structure and architecture of Canons Ashby House remains largely... Read More

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Canterbury Cathedral

Canterbury Cathedral has a prominent history dating back to the sixth century AD and was the site of the infamous murder of Thomas Beckett.

Canterbury Cathedral is one of England’s most famous cathedrals, both because of its prominent history dating back to the sixth century AD and due to the famous murder of Archbishop Thomas Beckett which took place there. Origins of Canterbury Cathedral In 597AD, a missionary called St Augustine travelled to Kent from... Read More

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Castle Acre Priory

Castle Acre Priory was an eleventh century monastery dissolved by King Henry VIII.

Castle Acre Priory was a monastery founded in 1090 AD by William de Warenne, the Second Earl of Surrey. Inspired by the French monastery of Cluny, de Warenne built Castle Acre Priory in its image. The result was an impressive and ornately decorated medieval monastic structure later accompanied by a... Read More

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Castle Drogo

Castle Drogo is an early 20th century country home constructed in the style of a mediaeval castle. This impressive building is now owned by the National Trust and open to visitors.

The rather deceptive Castle Drogo in Devon has all the appearance of a medieval castle and yet was actually constructed in the early 20th century. It is said to be the last castle to be built in England. Built to resemble an imposing medieval fortress, Castle Drogo was in fact built... Read More

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Castle Howard

This impressive stately home nestled in Yorkshire has been the home of the Howard family since its construction in 1699.

Castle Howard in Yorkshire is a magnificent 17th century stately home nestled among 1,000 acres of landscaped gardens and woodlands which has become a hugely popular visitor attraction. The imposing architecture of Castle Howard was constructed from 1699 for the 3rd Earl of Carlisle and took over one hundred years to... Read More

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Castle Keep

Castle Keep in Newcastle upon Tyne is one of the city’s most famous attractions and one of the best preserved Norman fortifications in the country.

Castle Keep in Newcastle upon Tyne is a partially restored Norman fortification and one of the best preserved of its kind in Britain. Built at a key strategic location, the site of Castle Keep has been occupied for almost 2,000 years with the Romans first fortifying the site in the mid-2nd... Read More

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Castle Rising

Castle Rising is a ruined Norman fortification in Norfolk which was once home to Queen Isabella, widow of Edward II and mother of Edward III.

Castle Rising is a ruined Norman fortification in Norfolk which is now one of the best preserved and castle-keeps in England. First constructred by the Anglo-Norman lord William d'Aubigny in 1138, it later became the palace of Queen Isabella, widow of Edward II and mother of Edward III. Surrounded by twenty acres... Read More

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Castlerigg Stone Circle

Castlerigg Stone Circle is a picturesque Neolithic monument ranking among the earliest of Britain’s stone circles, its scenic hilltop setting providing pretty views of the surrounding area.

Castlerigg Stone Circle in Cumbria is a Neolithic Stone Age monument which ranks among the earliest of stone circles found in Britain. It is believed Castlerigg Stone Circle was constructed around 3000BC. In total Castlerigg contains 38 stones within the outer circle, which has a diameter of approximately 30m. Inside the... Read More

Cawthorn Roman Camps

The Cawthorn Roman Camps are the remains of a late 1st / early 2nd century AD Roman military enclosure situated in the south of the North York Moors.

The Cawthorn Roman Camps are the remains of a Roman military enclosure situated in the south of the North York Moors. Today, little remains of the site apart from the earthworks which were constructed at the perimeter of the camps. The Cawthorn Roman Camps probably date from the late 1st and... Read More

Chatsworth House

Chatsworth House is an English country estate that has served as the ancestral home of the Dukes of Devonshire. It was also the one-time prison of Mary Queen of Scots.

Chatsworth House in Derbyshire is an historic English country estate that has served as the home for the Dukes of Devonshire and their ancestors since the mid-16th century. The first house to be built on the Chatsworth House site was constructed in 1549 by Sir William Cavendish and his... Read More

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Chedworth Roman Villa

Chedworth Roman Villa is a well-preserved Ancient Roman house in the Cotswolds.

Chedworth Roman Villa was a luxurious and vast home believed to have been built in around 120 AD, at which time this would have been a typical stately home. Constructed with a central courtyard, Chedworth Roman Villa is comprised of a series of rooms containing several stunning mosaics, ancient relics and... Read More

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Chester Roman Amphitheatre

Chester Roman Amphitheatre is Britain’s largest known Roman amphitheatre.

Chester Roman Amphitheatre is Britain’s largest known Roman amphitheatre. Originally part of the Roman settlement of ‘Deva’ which was founded in around 79AD and is now modern day Chester, Chester Roman Amphitheatre would have been able to seat between 8,000 and 12,000 spectators. Two amphitheatres were actually built on the site... Read More

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Chester Roman Gardens

The Chester Roman Gardens are a scenic park complex containing a number of Roman artefacts from the nearby area.

The Chester Roman Gardens are a small garden and park complex close to Chester Roman Amphitheatre which contains a number of Roman finds and artefacts gathered from various sites in Roman Chester. Originally built in the early 1950s, the gardens were re-designed in 2001 and now provide a scenic spot... Read More

Photo by Glen Bowman (cc)

Chesters Roman Fort

Chester’s Roman Fort was part of Hadrian’s Wall and is a now a well-preserved archaeological site.

Chesters Roman Fort, originally known as Cilurnum, was built as part of Hadrian’s Wall, the famous 73-mile barrier constructed under the remit of the Emperor Hadrian from 122 AD. The role of the 600 soldiers garrisoned at Chesters Roman Fort was to guard a bridge across the Rover Tyne which... Read More

Photo by James Cridland (cc)

Churchill’s Secret Bunker

Churchill’s Secret Bunker was designed to be used as the nerve centre of the British government during WW2 in the event of Britain being unable to defend itself from air attack.

Churchill’s Secret Bunker - also known as Paddock - was designed to be used as the nerve centre of the British government during WW2 in the event of Britain being unable to defend itself from air attack. Far more fortified than it’s Whitehall equivalent, the Paddock Bunker was built in the... Read More

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Chysauster Village

Chysauster Ancient Village contains the ruins of an Iron Age settlement in Cornwall, which is operated by English Heritage.

Chysauster Ancient Village contains the ruins of a late Iron Age and Romano-British settlement in Cornwall, which is operated by English Heritage. It is believed that Chysauster was inhabited from about 100 BC until the 3rd century AD and was primarily an agricultural settlement. This late Iron Age village is believed... Read More

Cirencester Amphitheatre

Cirencester Amphitheatre was once a Roman theatre, the remnants of which are located in Gloucestershire.

Cirencester Amphitheatre is thought to have been built in the second century AD and to have had a capacity of 8,000 spectators. The theatre of the major Roman city of Corinium, today known as Cirencester, Cirencester Amphitheatre would have attracted visitors from around Roman Britain. Very little is left of Cirencester... Read More

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Clarence House

Clarence House has been the London residence of several members of the British royal family.

Clarence House has been the London residence of several members of the British royal family and is now the home of the Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall. Built from 1825 to 1827 next to St James's Palace, the prime location of Clarence House has made it the perfect... Read More

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Clifford’s Tower

Clifford’s Tower is a 13th century castle with a diverse history.

Clifford's Tower is a stone structure with a long and varied history which sits high atop a mound in York. In fact, Clifford’s Tower has been everything from a royal mint to a prison and only attained its name in the fourteenth century when it was named after Roger de... Read More

Photo by Matt Buck (cc)

Clifton Rocks Railway

The Clifton Rocks Railway is a former underground funicular railway linking Clifton to Bristol Harbour, which is now open to the public via pre-arranged tours.

The Clifton Rocks Railway is a former underground funicular railway linking Clifton to Bristol Harbour, which is now open to the public via pre-arranged tours. Constructed in the late 19th century inside the cliffs of the Avon Gorge it was built so as to reduce the impact of a railway system... Read More

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Cliveden House

A beautiful 19th country house with vast parkland and gardens, Cliveden has often hosted the country’s political elite and was a key location in the infamous Profumo Affair.

Cliveden House in Berkshire, UK, is a 19th century historic home which operated at the heart of the cultural and political elite of the country. Today the house operates as a luxury hotel while the beautiful gardens and grounds are operated by the National Trust. The first construction to be built... Read More

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Colchester Castle

Colchester Castle is a beautifully preserved Norman stronghold with a rich history dating back to Roman times, having been built on the site of the Temple of Claudius.

Colchester Castle is a beautifully preserved Norman stronghold with a rich history dating back to Roman times. Built from 1076 (some say from 1069) and completed in around 1100, Colchester Castle was constructed under the order of King William I for use as a royal fortress. Colchester Castle would go... Read More

Photo by Glen Bowman (cc)

Corbridge Roman Town

Corbridge Roman Town was a thriving Ancient Roman settlement near Hadrian’s Wall and is now an archaeological site.

Corbridge Roman Town was a thriving Ancient Roman settlement near Hadrian’s Wall, yet it was occupied before this iconic wall was built. In fact, before the Emperor Hadrian built his famous 73-mile barrier, Corbridge was the site of several forts. However, once Hadrian’s Wall was complete, Corbridge began developing into... Read More

Photo by Robert Brook (cc)

Corfe Castle

Corfe Castle is the stunning ruin of a castle which has been everything from a royal residence to a military stronghold and even a prison.

Corfe Castle is the stunning ruin of a castle which has been everything from a royal residence to a military stronghold and even a prison. The current incarnation of Corfe Castle was built by William the Conqueror in around 1066, although even before this, the site was of great historical... Read More

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Crofton Roman Villa

Crofton Roman Villa in Orpington, London, contains the remains of an ancient house and farm complex originally built in the second century AD and occupied until around 400AD.

Crofton Roman Villa in Orpington, London, contains the remains of an ancient house and farm complex originally built in the second century AD and occupied until around 400AD. The villa formed the centre of a farming estate and was altered several times during its 260 years of occupation. Today the... Read More

Photo by claire1066 (cc)

Denge Sound Mirrors

The Denge Sound Mirrors are fine examples of early attempt at an early warning system.

The Denge Sound Mirrors are fine examples of initial attempts at an early warning system for aircrafts. From 1916 to the mid 1930’s, Dr William Sansome Tucker developed an early warning system known as the ‘sound mirrors’. These were strange looking concrete buildings, designed to listen for enemy planes arriving from... Read More

Photo by Nick Bramhall (cc)

Dewa Roman Experience

Situated on the site of a Roman fort in the historic city of Chester, Dewa Roman Experience allows visitors a hands-on exploration of a Roman legionary base.

Built on the former site of an ancient Roman fort, Dewa Roman Experience is a hands-on archaeological site containing the remains of this a Roman legionary base. The Roman fort site at Chester was a strategic base for the Roman army circa AD 50. Initially the site had been a small... Read More

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Dover Castle

The medieval Dover Castle is one of Britain’s most significant fortresses and has a fascinating and diverse history.

Dover Castle has been a vitally important fortress in English history, leading it to be known as 'the key to England'. Dover Castle’s location is a central aspect of this history. Perched high on the England’s coastal white cliffs overlooking the shortest crossing between the island and mainland Europe, Dover Castle... Read More

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Dover Roman Fort

The remains of the Dover Roman Fort represent all that is left of the ancient Roman fleet base which served the large Roman naval detachment which defended British waters.

The remains of the Dover Roman Fort represent all that is left of the ancient Roman fleet base which served the large Roman naval detachment that defended British waters. Known as the the Classis Britannica, the Roman British fleet was headquartered here the first half of the second century AD and... Read More

Photo by brianac37 (cc)

Dudley Castle

Dudley Castle is a ruined Norman motte and bailey castle which is now open to visitors and also hosts the popular Dudley Zoo within its grounds.

Dudley Castle is a ruined Norman motte and bailey castle which is now open to visitors and also hosts the popular Dudley Zoo within its grounds. Originally built in the 11th century it was constructed by Ansculf de Picquigny, one of the followers of William the Conqueror. It was rebuilt over... Read More

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Dunstanburgh Castle

Dunstanburgh Castle was a fourteenth century fortress, the striking ruins of which can be found on Northumberland’s coast.

Originally built as a symbol of baronial power and status, Dunstanburgh Castle is now a striking ruin on the coast of Northumberland. It was Earl Thomas of Lancaster who began construction of Dunstanburgh Castle in 1313. At the time, the Earl, who was one of the Lords Ordainers, a group... Read More

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Durham Castle

Formerly the home of the Bishops of Durham, Durham Castle dates back to the 11th Century.

Durham Castle is an eleventh century building and the former home of the Bishops of Durham. Originally commissioned by William the Conqueror in 1072, Durham Castle was intended to ensure Norman control in the North of England. Once under Church control, each bishop, on his appointment, would put his own stamp... Read More

Photo by Nick Bramhall (cc)

Durham Cathedral

Durham Cathedral is a vast, mainly 12th Century, Romanesque cathedral built to house the relics of St Cuthbert.

Durham Cathedral is a stunning cathedral dominating the town of Durham in Northern England and offering superb views to those willing (and able) to climb up the 300+ steps to the top of the tower. Inside Durham Cathedral, there is a great deal of interest, including tombs of St Cuthbert and... Read More

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Durnovaria

Durnovaria is the original Roman name for what is now the English town of Dorchester.

Durnovaria is the original Roman name for what is now the English town of Dorchester. Though Dorchester is best known for its Thomas Hardy connections, it remains an interesting town in its own right, having a number of museums dealing with such diverse topics as dinosaurs, Tutenkhamun and military history. The best... Read More

Edgecote Moor Battlefield

Edgecote Moor was the site of a battle in the Wars of the Roses which resulted in a victory for the Lancastrians.

Edgecote Moor battlefield is the site of a battle fought during the Wars of the Roses. Not very well documented, the battle of Edgecote Moor was fought on 26th July 1469, and pitched the Yorkist forces under the Earl of Pembroke, against the Lancastrians, who were under the leadership of 'Robin... Read More

Edgehill Battlefield

Edgehill Battlefield was the location of the first major engagement of the English Civil War, which took place on 23rd October 1642 in Warwickshire, England.

Edgehill Battlefield was the location of the first major engagement of the English Civil War and thus stands as the location of a crucial turning point in English history. The battle itself came about after King Charles I and Parliament became locked in an increasingly dangerous political struggle for supremacy. By... Read More

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Eltham Palace

Eltham Palace is a spectacular Art Deco palace built in the 1930’s alongside a 15th century medieval hall.

Eltham Palace is a spectacular Art Deco palace built in the 1930's alongside a 15th Century medieval hall. Medieval Eltham The medieval part of Eltham Palace is quite stunning for those who are interested in that era. The Great Hall of Eltham Palace is still extant and was originally built for the... Read More

Photo by grahamc99 (cc)

Epsom Downs Racecourse

The Epsom Downs Racecourse was the site of one of the most iconic moment in the women’s rights movement.

The Epsom Downs Racecourse was the site of one of the most iconic moment in the women’s rights movement. On 4 June 1913, on the day of the Epsom Derby race, militant suffragette Emily Davison jumped out in front of the King’s horse at the Epsom Downs Racecourse and... Read More

Photo by Charles D P Miller (cc)

Exeter Cathedral

Exeter Cathedral is a large, impressive Gothic cathedral and is one of the most popular sites of the city. The Cathedral Green is also a great place for relaxing in the sunshine.

Exeter Cathedral is a large, Gothic-style cathedral which was constructed in the 13th and 14th centuries AD. The site of Exeter Cathedral itself was home to several earlier incarnations, including a 10th century Anglo-Saxon construction and the subsequent Norman cathedral, which was completed in 1180AD. Although the main body of the current... Read More

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Fenton House

Fenton House is a well maintained seventeenth century house in Hampstead in North London.

Fenton House in Hampstead in North London was built in the seventeenth century and has since remained almost entirely unchanged. It is unclear who built Fenton House, but it has been continuously occupied over the period of three hundred years. Today, Fenton House and its gardens are managed by... Read More

Finchcocks House and Museum

Finchcocks House and Museum holds over 100 historical keyboard instruments and is housed in an 18th century manor house.

Finchcocks House and Museum in Kent is comprised of an historic Georgian manor, estate gardens and musical museum. The Finchcocks site has been occupied since at least the 13th century, and derives its name from the original owners of the estate. The current house was built in... Read More

Photo by David Spender (cc)

Fishbourne Roman Palace

Fishbourne Roman Palace hosts the remains of a huge Roman palace built in the 1st century AD. Today it operates as a museum and contains information, artefacts and mosaics.

Fishbourne Roman Palace in West Sussex hosts the remains of a huge Roman palace complex which was constructed in the 1st century AD. Built on the site of a Roman supply compound, Fishbourne Roman Palace was a vast and impressive development which would have been built for the very highest echelons... Read More

Photo by Iain Simpson (cc)

Fotheringhay Castle

Fortheringhay Castle was the birthplace of Richard III and site of execution of Mary Queen of Scots

Birthplace of Richard III and site of the trial and execution of Mary Queen of Scots, this Norman motte and bailey castle is now a ruin - in fact very little is left of it today. Fortheringhay Castle is easily accessable during daylight hours, and should delight those interested in medieval... Read More

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Framlingham Castle

Framlingham Castle is an impressive 12th century fortified castle in Suffolk.

Framlingham Castle in Suffolk was built in the late 12th century by the Earl of Norfolk, Roger Bigod, who was an important member of the court of the Plantagenet kings. With its imposing mural towers and stone walls, Framlingham Castle served as a fortress and a status symbol. Over the centuries,... Read More

Freud Museum

Based in Hampstead, London in the house Sigmund Freud and his family occupied after escaping from Austria following the Nazi annexation, the Freud Museum provides a fascinating journey through the mind and life of the founder of psychoanalysis.

The Freud Museum in Hampstead, London is the former home of Sigmund Freud, one of the 20th century’s most famous psychotherapists. It contains a collection of treasures and antiquities, as well as the perfectly preserved study of Sigmund Freud himself with his psychoanalytic couch being the star attraction. Preserving both... Read More

Fulham Palace

For 1,300 years Fulham Palace was owned by the Bishops of London and it was used from the 11th century until 1975. Today the medieval and Tudor palace house a museum, gallery and beautiful botanic gardens telling the story of the palace as well as its Neolithic, Iron Age and Roman origins.

The Manor of Fulham was bought by Waldhere, Bishop of London in around 700AD and from then until the mid-1970s when Bishop Stopford retired Fulham Palace served as the seat of the Bishop of London, first as a summer home and then as the principal residence. Called a ‘palace’ since bishops... Read More

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Furness Abbey

Furness Abbey is a partially ruined 12th century monastery which now operates as a tourist attraction and museum.

The imposing remains of the twelfth century Furness Abbey today stand as a testament to the sheer scale of these early medieval English monasteries. Founded in 1124 by the future King Stephen, the construction of Furness Abbey began three years later and was expanded over the next hundred years. During this... Read More

Photo by John Spooner (cc)

Gainsborough Old Hall

Gainsborough Old Hall is said to be one of England’s largest and best preserved medieval manor houses.

Gainsborough Old Hall is a 15th century medieval manor house built by the Burgh family. With its aristocratic owners, Gainsborough Old Hall has played host to many an important guest, ranging from the Mayflower Pilgrims to kings Richard III and Henry VIII. Over the centuries, Gainsborough Old Hall has been... Read More

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Glastonbury Abbey

Glastonbury Abbey is one of the most important historic abbeys in Britain and the legendary burial place of King Arthur.

Glastonbury Abbey is one of the most important historic abbeys in Britain and the focal point of myth, legend and important historical events. Although the original stone church of Glastonbury Abbey was constructed by Saxon King Ine of Wessex in around 712AD, the site has a history said to trace... Read More

Godolphin House

Godolphin House is a Cornish stately home built by Godolphin family, who were prominent in the reign of Queen Anne.

Godolphin House is a Cornish Grade 1 listed stately home with Tudor and Stuart elements. Originally dating back to the 15th century, with an historic garden now restored to its original layout, the Godolphin House that exists today was largely the work of the Godolphin family in the early 17th... Read More

Photo by pmorgan67 (cc)

Goodrich Castle

Goodrich Castle is a picturesque Norman ruin in Herefordshire that was the site of a bitter siege during the English Civil War.

Goodrich Castle in Herefordshire is one of the most picturesque medieval ruins in the UK. Standing at the peak of a scenic woodland hilltop, this Norman fortification has attracted tourists to view its ethereal remains since the 18th century. The first recorded structure to be built on the Goodrich Castle site... Read More

Greenhead Roman Army Museum

The Greenhead Roman Army Museum displays a series of artifacts and replicas of Roman military paraphernalia.

The Greenhead Roman Army Museum displays a series of artifacts and replicas of Roman military paraphernalia from weaponry and armour to chariots and wagons. Some of these objects are derived from the collection of Vindolanda, another Roman site which took over the administration of the museum in 1997. Other displays at the... Read More

Photo by Maxwell Hamilton (cc)

Ham House

A 17th century mansion, Ham House is an opulent melting pot of British and European Renaissance design.

An opulent 17th century mansion, Ham House in London was once a bustling political playground for the courtiers of the Stuart dynasty from the reign of James I to Charles II. Built by Sir Thomas Vavasour in 1610, Ham House epitomised the great competition for the favour of kings which was... Read More

Photo by Harshil.Shah (cc)

Hampton Court Palace

Hampton Court Palace is a medieval palace whch has served as everything from a royal residence to a prison.

Hampton Court Palace is a medieval palace once favoured by Henry VIII which has served as everything from a royal residence to a prison.   The first buildings at what is now Hampton Court Palace belonged to the Knights Hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem, a religious order founded in the... Read More

Photo by Stephen Fulljames (cc)

Hastings Castle

Hastings Castle was one of the first Norman castles to be built in England.

Hastings Castle was originally built as a timber structure a short time after the Norman invader William the Conqueror landed in England in 1066. This was not far from the site where, shortly afterwards, William decisively defeated King Harold in one of the most significant battles in English history, the... Read More

Photo by andrew_j_w (cc)

Hatfield House

Hatfield House is a Jacobean country house built on the site of what was Queen Elizabeth I’s childhood home.

Hatfield House is a Jacobean country house built on the site of what was Hatfield Palace. Built in approximately 1485, Hatfield Palace was bought by Henry VIII and became the home of his children, particularly that of a young Elizabeth I. In the gardens of Hatfield House, one can visit... Read More

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Helmsley Castle

Helmsley Castle was a 12th century castle in York and the site of a dramatic siege during the English Civil War.

Helmsley Castle was a large medieval fortress and mansion, the ruins of which are located in the town of Helmsley, Yorkshire. Initially built as a timber construction by the influential baron and military man Walter l’Espec in 1120, it was converted to stone by his nephew, Robert de Roos and... Read More

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Highgate Cemetery

Highgate Cemetery is a famous graveyard in North London where Karl Marx is buried.

Highgate Cemetery is a graveyard in London where the famous philosopher and political economist Karl Marx is buried. It is also the burial site of several other prominent people, including several novelists, artists, political activists and professionals. A list of famous internments can be found on Highgate Cemetery’s website. Guided tours... Read More

Photo by simononly (cc)

HMS Belfast

HMS Belfast is a Royal Navy light cruiser ship that played a role in both World War II and the Korean War.

HMS Belfast is a Royal Navy light cruiser ship that played a role in both World War II and the Korean War. It is now open to the public in London under the remit of the Imperial War Museum. Launched in March 1938, HMS Belfast was commissioned by the Royal Navy... Read More

Photo by amandabhslater (cc)

HMS Victory

HMS Victory was Vice Admiral Lord Nelson’s flagship during the Battle of Trafalgar and the site where this heroic figure died.

HMS Victory is one of the world’s oldest and most famous warships. No other surviving ship has served in the American Revolution, the French Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars. In fact, it was her role as the flagship of British hero Vice Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson during his final... Read More

Photo by Elsie esq. (cc)

HMS Warrior

The HMS Warrior was launched in 1860 and is the sole surviving warship of Queen Victoria’s Black Battle Fleet.

The HMS Warrior is the sole surviving warship of Queen Victoria’s Black Battle Fleet. Built over the course of 35 months and launched in 1860, HMS Warrior represented a marked innovation in naval design. She was then unique amongst the world’s armoured warships in having a wrought-iron hull and dual... Read More

Photo by MarilynJane (cc)

Hod Hill

Hod Hill is one of the largest Iron Age hillforts in Dorset.

Hod Hill is an Iron Age hillfort and one of the largest of its kind in Dorset. With its imposing size and ramparts, Hod Hill would have defended a village. In 44 AD, it is likely to have been captured by the Romans during their invasion of Britain. The Roman Second... Read More

Photo by Gordon M Robertson (cc)

Houses of Parliament

The Houses of Parliament are the home of the UK Parliament.

The Houses of Parliament or 'Palace of Westminster' is where both houses of the UK Parliament are located. Originally part of the great royal palace that had been home to English monarchs for over 500 years, Westminster Palace became the home of parliament in the 16th century after reign of King... Read More

Photo by phault (cc)

Housesteads Roman Fort

Housesteads Roman Fort is one of the best preserved and most important of the forts along Hadrian’s Wall.

Housesteads Roman Fort, originally known as 'Vercovicium', is one of the best preserved and most important of the forts along Hadrian’s Wall. Built in around 124 AD, Housesteads Roman Fort housed around 1,000 troops and remained in use until the fourth century. Visitors to Housesteads Roman Fort can see the various... Read More

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Hylton Castle

Hylton Castle was the private home of a wealthy family in Medieval England.

Hylton Castle was built first in the eleventh century and then rebuilt in the late fourteenth century as the home of the wealthy Hylton family, a role which it fulfilled until 1746. Today, this gatehouse tower of this stone structure remains as a well-preserved ruin and contains some royal artifacts. Hylton... Read More

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Imperial War Museum

The Imperial War Museum is a London-based museum dedicated to world conflict.

The Imperial War Museum is dedicated to exploring worldwide conflicts throughout history. The exhibitions in the London Imperial War Museum cover, amongst other things, different aspects of the First and Second World Wars including military history, the Holocaust, women’s roles in the conflicts, wartime artwork and the political issues of... Read More

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Imperial War Museum Duxford

Duxford Imperial War Museum in Cambridge explores military history on land, by air and by sea.

Duxford Imperial War Museum in Cambridge is dedicated to exploring Britain’s military history, particularly as it relates to air and maritime warfare. Duxford Imperial War Museum is fittingly located at Duxford Airfield, one of the best preserved First World War airfields. Most of the exhibits at the Duxford Imperial War Museum... Read More

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Ironbridge Gorge

Ironbridge Gorge is an icon of the industrial revolution and a World Heritage site.

Ironbridge Gorge played a vital role in sparking the industrial revolution in the 18th century and remains a powerful symbol of this period. Spanning an area of some 5.5 square kilometres, it is often cited as the birthplace of industry and has been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1986.... Read More

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Jervaulx Abbey

The ruins of the 12th Century Cistercian monastery of Jervaulx Abbey, situated in the picturesque Yorkshire Dales.

A beautiful spot to explore, the ruins of the 12th century monastery of Jervaulx Abbey are situated in the picturesque Yorkshire Dales. Founded in 1156, Jervaulx was a Cistercian abbey, spawned from the abbey at Byland, which is situated not far from Jervaulx and would make for an excellent same-day visit.... Read More

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Jewel Tower

The Jewel Tower is one of the last remnants of the medieval Westminster Palace.

Originally part of the medieval Westminster Palace, the Jewel Tower was built in 1365 to hold the riches of Edward III, earning it the name of the 'King's Privy Wardrobe'. Following a fire in 1834, the Jewel Tower and Westminster Hall were the only buildings of the palace to survive. Today,... Read More

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Jorvik Viking Centre

The Jorvik Viking Centre recreates the Viking city of Jorvik, based on excavations found on this site in York.

The Jorvik Viking Centre is an historical visitor attraction in York displaying a reconstruction of a Viking city as it would have looked in approximately 975 AD. In fact, between 1979 and 1981, archaeologists found around 40,000 well-preserved Viking items and the remains of their city on the site on... Read More

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Kelvedon Hatch Nuclear Bunker

The Kelvedon Hatch Nuclear Bunker is an enormous, three-storey, Cold War-era subterranean shelter and operations centre in Brentwood, Essex. It was constructed in 1952.

The Kelvedon Hatch Nuclear Bunker is an enormous Cold War-era subterranean shelter and former operations centre in Brentwood, Essex. In 1952, the spectre of the Cold War loomed ever-more menacingly over Britain. With Europe already firmly divided into two hostile and ideologically opposed camps, and with the Korean War raging in... Read More

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Kenilworth Castle

Kenilworth Castle is a former medieval stronghold and royal palace, most famed as the home of Elizabeth’s beloved Robert Dudley.

Kenilworth Castle is a former medieval stronghold and royal palace, most famed as the home of Elizabeth’s beloved Robert Dudley. It was King Henry I's treasurer, Geoffrey de Clinton, who built the vast Norman keep of Kenilworth Castle in the 1120s which can still be seen there today. ... Read More

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Kensington Palace

Kensington Palace was the childhood home of Queen Victoria and the home of Diana, Princess of Wales, until her death.

Originally built for the Earl of Nottingham, Kensington Palace was acquired by King William III in 1689, after he and his wife, Mary II, had taken the throne from her father, James II. They employed Christopher Wren to rebuild and improve it. Other monarchs enjoyed the atmosphere at Kensington Palace. These... Read More

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Kenwood House

Kenwood House is a picturesque historic stately home in North London.

Kenwood House is a picturesque historic stately home in North London run by English Heritage. Initially built in the seventeenth century, Kenwood House subsequently underwent a renovation in the mid-eighteenth century. Today, Kenwood House is famous for its summer concerts, held in its extensive gardens. It also houses an impressive art... Read More

Photo by Laura Nolte (cc)

Kew Palace

Kew Palace is a seventeenth century palace which once served as a royal residence.

Kew Palace was built around 1631 by merchant Samuel Fortrey. The 17th century palace is noted for its distinctive decorative brickwork and gables, and it is the oldest surviving building in the Kew botanical gardens. Kew Palace was the home of various members of the royal family between 1728 and 1898. Queen... Read More

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King Johns Palace

King Johns Palace is a ruined Norman townhouse built around 1180AD, the remains of which are now open to the public.

King Johns Palace is a ruined Norman townhouse in Southampton, the remains of which are now open to the public. First built around 1180AD, the stone-built merchant’s house was later incorporated into the town’s defensive walls and gun ports were built into the structure. Despite this change the house continued to... Read More

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Lesnes Abbey

Lesnes Abbey is a ruined Norman abbey located in South East London and now forms part of a scenic park and nature reserve.

Lesnes Abbey is a ruined medieval abbey located in east London and now forms part of a scenic park and nature reserve. The Abbey was founded in 1178 by Richard de Luci - a strong ally and supporter of Henry II and Chief Justiciar of England. Though not one of the... Read More

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Lincoln Cathedral

Lincoln Cathedral is an imposing medieval structure with a history dating back to Norman times.

Lincoln Cathedral is an imposing medieval structure with a history dating back to Norman times. First consecrated in 1092, around 20 years after Lincoln was designated a seat of a bishopric, Lincoln Cathedral was then the home of medieval Britain’s first Norman Bishop, Remigius. Since that time, Lincoln Cathedral has been... Read More

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Liverpool Cathedral

Described by the poet Sir John Betjeman as "one of the great buildings of the world", Britain's largest cathedral adorns Liverpool's landscape.

Liverpool Cathedral, a blend of modernist and gothic architecture, is a magnificent monument - the largest Cathedral in Britain, and the fifth largest in the world. The construction of the cathedral actually occurred relatively recently. After Liverpool became a diocese in the 19th Century, it was considered that the construction of... Read More

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London Roman Amphitheatre

The London Roman Amphitheatre was built in the first century AD and is the only one of its kind in the city.

The London Roman Amphitheatre was discovered in 1988 and remains the only known Roman amphitheatre in the city. Believed to have first been built in 74 AD, the London Roman Amphitheatre was probably extensively renovated in the second century, in around 120 AD. At its peak, the London Roman Amphitheatre would... Read More

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London Roman Fort

The London Roman Fort was a second century fort which housed Roman Londinium’s soldiers.

The London Roman Fort was built in around 120 AD - around the same time as Hadrian’s Wall - to house the soldiers of Roman Britain’s most important town of the time, Londinium. Covering around 12 acres in its heyday, the London Roman Fort would have been a square complex... Read More

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London Roman Wall

The London Roman Wall was built in around the third century AD and parts of it can be seen today.

The London Roman Wall was built between around 190 and 220 AD and stretched for about three miles from Blackfriars to Tower Hill. This defensive wall protected what was then the important Roman city of Londinium. Prior to the building of the London Roman Wall, Londinium already had a fort, parts... Read More

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Ludgershall Castle

Ludgershall Castle was a medieval royal castle and hunting lodge, of which only ruins and earthworks remain.

Ludgershall Castle was a royal castle and hunting lodge. Today, its ruins and earthworks stand in the modern village of Ludgershall and are believed to date back to the twelfth or thirteenth century. There is also a medieval cross located in the centre of the village.... Read More

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Ludlow Castle

Ludlow Castle, the finest of medieval ruined castles, set in glorious Shropshire countryside, at the heart of this superb, bustling black

Ludlow Castle, the finest of medieval ruined castles, set in glorious Shropshire countryside. Initially a Norman stronghold it then turned royal castle, the imposing ruins of which can be seen today. The castle’s origins can be traced back to the 11th century and to Walter de Lacy, a Norman nobleman... Read More

Photo by Loz Flowers (cc)

Lullingstone Roman Villa

Lullingstone Roman Villa is a fine example of a 1st Century Roman villa. Built roughly 50 years after the Roman conquest of Britain, it was home to the wealthier elements of Romano-British society.

Lullingstone Roman Villa is a fine example of a 1st Century Roman villa. Built roughly 50 years after the Roman conquest of Britain, Lullingstone Roman Villa was home to the wealthier elements of Romano-British society. A villa stood on the site for over 300 years before its eventual destruction and abandonment.... Read More

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Lyme Park

Located on the edge of the Peak District, Lyme Park estate is set in 1400 acres of picturesque parkland and centred on the elegant Lyme Hall. The house famously featured as Pemberley in the BBC’s Pride and Prejudice.

The Lyme Park estate served as the seat of the Legh family for 600 years, and their picturesque and striking family home serves as the focal point of Lyme Park. Margaret Legh came into possession of the parkland in the 14th century after her father, Sir Thomas Danyers, was rewarded for... Read More

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Lyveden New Bield

Lyveden New Bield is an historic garden perfectly preserved in its original Elizabethan state.

Lyveden New Bield is an historic garden landscape perfectly preserved in its original Elizabethan state. It was the Tresham family who purchased Lyveden New Bield in the latter half of the 15th century for use as sheep pastures and Sir Thomas Tresham who later transformed part of it into a... Read More

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Maiden Castle

Maiden Castle is vast, well preserved Iron Age hill fort in Dorchester.

Maiden Castle is vast, well preserved Iron Age hill fort in Dorchester. Its name is believed to be derived from two Celtic words, ‘Mai’ and ‘Dun’, meaning “Great Hill”. Imposing and incredibly complex, Maiden Castle would certainly have posed a great challenge to anyone wishing to invade it. Whilst the site... Read More

Mapperton House

Home of the Earl and Countess of Sandwich, Mapperton House in Dorset was described by County Life magazine as 'the nation's finest manor house' and the gardens are equally as exquisite.

Mapperton House and Gardens in the village of Beaminster in Dorset has its roots in the Domesday Book (as Malperetone - ‘farm where maple trees grow’) and since the 11th century it has been owned by just four families – Brett, Morgan, Brodrepp and Compton. It is the current home... Read More

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Middleham Castle

Middleham Castle was the childhood home of King Richard III.

Middleham Castle was a medieval castle built in the twelfth century and expanded by the influential Neville family to become a fortress by the middle of the fifteenth century. Amongst others, Middleham Castle was the home of the most famous of the Neville family, Richard “the Kingmaker” Neville, who was the... Read More

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Moor Park Mansion

A listed Palladian mansion now used as a golf clubhouse

Moor Park Mansion in Rickmansworth is a listed grade I Palladian mansion. It is largely the work of Benjamin Styles who owned the mansion in the 18th century, but its roots go back much further. The original building was a palace, built for the abbots of St Albans. Henry VIII... Read More

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Multangular Tower

The Multangular Tower is a third century AD ten-sided stone tower originally forming part of York’s Roman legionary fortress and now located in the gardens of the York Museum.

The Multangular Tower is an imposing third century AD ten-sided stone tower originally forming part of York’s Roman legionary fortress and now located in the gardens of the York Museum. The original Roman walls of York probably included eight defensive towers and were built in the late second or early third... Read More

Photo by Historvius

Museum of London

The Museum of London explores the history of the UK’s capital city.

The Museum of London explores the history of UK’s capital city through a series of exhibitions. The contents of some galleries at the Museum of London are constantly changing, although there are nine permanent collections. These look at the development of the city since prehistoric times, through to Roman London, the... Read More

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Nash’s House and New Place

Nash’s House and New Place represent the place where William Shakespeare spent his final years and where he died.

Nash’s House and New Place are two sites which are closely connected to famous playwright, William Shakespeare. Nash’s House is a Tudor-era building which takes its name from property owner and first husband of Shakespeare’s granddaughter, Thomas Nash. Inside, visitors can travel back in time, as the interior has been... Read More

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Nelson’s Column

Nelson’s Column is a monument dedicated to Admiral Lord Nelson in London’s Trafalgar Square.

Nelson’s Column is a tribute to one of the great men in British history: Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson, victor of many naval battles, including the Battle of Trafalgar (hence the name of the square). Despite the fact that this battle was one of the most decisive victories in British naval... Read More

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North Leigh Roman Villa

North Leigh Roman Villa was a first century villa, the remains of which can be seen in Oxfordshire.

North Leigh Roman Villa was built in the first century in what is now modern day Oxfordshire, UK. Archaeologists believe that North Leigh Roman Villa was once a substantial building made up of approximately sixty rooms, however all that remains today are its ruins. The main feature of the site is its... Read More

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Okehampton Castle

Okehampton Castle was once Devon’s largest castle and was listed in the Doomsday Book.

Listed in the Doomsday Book of 1086, Okehampton Castle was built during Norman times and expanded in the fourteenth century, becoming the stately home of the Earl of Devon, Hugh Courtenay. Okehampton Castle remained in the ownership of the Courtenay family until 1538, when Henry Courtenay entered into a dispute with... Read More

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Old Gorhambury House

The ruins of a Tudor mansion that was the contemporary cutting-edge, Queen Elizabeth herself visited the property. The house gained repute as home to Sir Nicholas Bacon and later his celebrated son Sir Francis.

Set in picturesque countryside, Old Gorhambury House is the ruins of a Tudor mansion built from in 1563 to 1568 which gained repute as home to the Lord Keeper Sir Nicholas Bacon and later his celebrated son Sir Francis. It was visited by Queen Elizabeth on a number of occasions. Today,... Read More

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Orford Castle

Orford Castle was a 12th century fortified castle built during the reign of King Henry II.

Orford Castle was originally built in 1165 under the orders of King Henry II. An impressive fortified stone structure surrounded by a curtain wall and several defensive mounds, Orford Castle was intended to protect the kingdom from invasion, both from the coast on which it was located and from within,... Read More

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Penshaw Monument

Sitting throne-like overlooking Herrington County Park in Sunderland, the Penshaw Monument was built in 1844 to honour John George Lambton, the first Earl of Durham and is a half-size replica of the Temple of Hephaestus in Athens.

Penshaw Monument is a folly that sits atop the 136-metre Penshaw Hill in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear. It was built in 1844 in honour of John George Lambton MP (1792-1840), 1st Earl of Durham and the first Governor of the Province of Canada. For his relentless campaigning for radical reform,... Read More

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Penshurst Place

One of the best examples of a medieval fortified manor house in the UK, Penshurst is a well preserved medieval historic house which has strong royal connections.

Penhurst Place in Kent, England, is a medieval fortified manor house which remains one of the best preserved of its kind in the UK. Originally built in 1341 for Sir John de Pulteney, the Lord Mayor of London, the house has been altered several times through the centuries although the majority... Read More

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Pevensey Castle

Pevensey Castle is a picturesque ruin of a medieval castle built in the place where William the Conqueror landed in 1066.

Pevensey Castle is a Norman castle built upon the fourth century AD Roman fort of Anderida, the substantial remains of which are still visible today. Indeed, the main outer defensive walls of the larger Roman fortification have survived very much intact, forming a wider outer ring within which the main... Read More

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Plymouth Hoe

Plymouth Hoe has been the starting point of historic journeys by Sir Francis Drake and Captain James Cook as well as many others.

Plymouth Hoe, known locally as “The Hoe”, has been the site from which many an historic voyage has begun. In 1588, Sir Francis Drake was reputedly playing a game of bowls on Plymouth Hoe when the Spanish Armada was sighted off Cornwall heading east. Legend has it that on being told,... Read More

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Pontefract Castle

Originally a Norman structure, Pontefract castle played an increasingly important role in English Royal history for over 500 years. Today it lies in ruins but has much for visitors to enjoy, including its underground dungeons.

Pontefract Castle was a key strategic military stronghold in Northern England which played a crucial role in many of the country’s most bitter conflicts for over five hundred years. The land that now houses the remains of one of the most notorious castles in England was given to Ilbert de Lacy... Read More

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Portchester Castle

Portchester Castle has been a Roman fort, a Norman keep and even a wartime prison.

Portchester Castle in Hampshire offers a fantastic insight into various periods of British history and originally dates back to the Roman era. Built during Roman times, probably in the third century AD, Portchester Castle is the country’s only example of a Roman fort whose walls still stand complete up to... Read More

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Porthcuno Telegraph Museum

The Porthcurno Telegraph Museum examines the history of telegraphic development as well as housing Britain’s vital WWII underground communications centre.

The Porthcurno Telegraph Museum is a museum dedicated to the history of telegraphic development and is the site of one of the most historically important communications centres in the UK. In what would become one of the most ground-breaking events in modern communications, the first trans-Atlantic telegraph cables were laid in... Read More

Photo by Darren Shilson (cc)

Restormel Castle

Restormel Castle was a thirteenth century castle in Cornwall, the ruins of which are well preserved.

Restormel Castle was a stone castle defended by a moat and located on a large mound overlooking Cornwall. Its historic ruins, which date back to the late 13th and early 14th century and may have been built by King Edmund, are made up of a dramatic circular stone keep. It... Read More

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Richard III Museum

The Richard III Museum is a small museum in York's historic Monk Bar, dedicated to the life of this famous English monarch.

The Richard III Museum, contained within the medieval gatehouse known as Monk Bar, is a small museum dedicated to the life of this famous English monarch. As well as examining the life of this controversial king, the Richard III Museum also sets out a mock-trial of Richard III over the charge... Read More

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Richard III: Leicester’s Search for a King Exhibition

Discover the exciting exhibition at Leicester's medieval Guildhall, detailing the archaeological search for the lost grave of King Richard III...

A new exhibition located in Leicester’s Guildhall, ‘Richard III - Leicester's Search for a King’ details the background and details of the discovery of the remains of King Richard III of England, who died at the Battle of Bosworth Field in August 1485. Covering both the story of Richard himself and... Read More

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Richborough Roman Fort

Richborough Roman Fort in Kent marks the site where the Romans successfully invaded Britain in 43 AD.

Richborough Roman Fort, originally called “Rutupiae”, in Kent marks the site where the Romans successfully invaded Britain in 43 AD. Known by many as the “gateway to Britain” and also Richborough Castle, Richborough Roman Fort is thought to have begun as a military stronghold for the invading Roman soldiers and developed... Read More

Roman Bath House Museum

In 1930 in the basement of the Mail Coach Inn in St. Sampson’s Square in York, renovators stumbled across the 1,900 year old remains of a Roman ‘caldarium’, or steam bath.

In 1930 when the Mail Coach Inn in St. Sampson’s Square in York was undergoing renovations, builders uncovered the 1,900 year-old remains of a Roman ‘caldarium’, or steam bath. The bath house was used by the soldiers of the Legio XI Hispana (Spanish Ninth Legion) who were stationed in Eboracum... Read More

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Roman Baths - Bath

The Roman Baths in Bath is an Ancient Roman thermal spa and one of the best preserved examples of its kind.

The world famous Roman Baths complex in Bath, UK, contains an incredible set of thermal spas and an impressive ancient Roman bathing house. First discovered in the nineteenth century, the Roman Baths are one of the best preserved ancient Roman sites in the UK and form a major tourist attraction. Among the... Read More

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Roman Ribchester

The remains of Ribchester Roman Fort and the Ribchester Roman Bathhouse can be seen alongside the Ribchester Roman Museum.

The modern day village of Ribchester is situated on the site of what was once a large Roman fort and settlement known as Bremetennacum Veteranorum. Today, the remains of Ribchester Roman Fort and the Ribchester Roman Bathhouse can be seen alongside the Ribchester Roman Museum, which showcases the best of... Read More

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Royal Navy Submarine Museum

Home of the WWII submarine HMS Alliance, the Royal Navy Submarine Museum is a family-orientated, interactive museum detailing the history of British submarine warfare.

The Royal Navy Submarine Museum is located a stone’s throw away from the busy historic Portsmouth docks. As home to HMS Alliance and four other submarines including the Royal Navy’s first submarine, Holland I, the museum takes an interactive approach to history; visitors can walk in and around the five... Read More

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Sandal Castle

Sandal Castle was the site of an important battle in the Wars of the Roses.

Sandal Castle is a ruin of an historic castle believed to date back to the twelfth century and which played an important role in the Wars of the Roses. In the latter half of 1460, Richard of York, who was making a bid for the throne, was at Sandal Castle... Read More

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Segedunum Roman Fort

Segedunum Roman Fort was one of the Ancient Roman wall forts of Hadrian’s Wall.

Segedunum Roman Fort was one of the ancient Roman wall forts of Hadrian’s Wall, the iconic UNESCO-listed barrier built under the Emperor Hadrian from 122 AD. There were several wall forts along the 73-mile stretch of Hadrian’s Wall, each garrisoned by Roman soldiers. From around 122 AD, Segedunum Roman Fort held... Read More

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Selby Abbey

In existence since 1069, Selby Abbey has been used for worship for over 900 years. In the heart of Yorkshire and often known as the hidden gem of the county, it is not especially well known despite being unmatched in its beauty and archaic stance.

Selby Abbey is a beautiful Norman church in the heart of Yorkshire, England, with a history dating back to 1069AD. The original Selby Abbey was constructed towards the end of the 11th century after a monk, known as Benedict of Auxerre, had a vision whereupon he was called by St. Germain... Read More

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Sheffield Manor Lodge

Once a prominent Tudor country estate and one-time prison of Mary Queen of Scots, the remains of Sheffield Manor Lodge include the well-preserved Tudor Turret House.

Originally a fine Tudor country estate, the remains of Sheffield Manor Lodge are now an important visitor attraction and give a glimpse into medieval history. The site upon which the Manor Lodge was built was located within an ancient deer park, and it is likely that a far older hunting lodge... Read More

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Silbury Hill

A Stone Age chalk mound with a mysterious past, Silbury Hill is the largest man-made mound in Europe.

Only 1500 meters south of the main Avebury Rings stands Silbury Hill, the largest, and perhaps the most enigmatic, of all megalithic constructions in Europe. Crisscrossing the surrounding countryside are numerous meandering lines of standing stones and mysterious underground chambers, many positioned according to astronomical alignments. Believed to date back to... Read More

Photo by Charles D P Miller (cc)

Silchester Roman Town

Silchester Roman Town flourished from the mid-first century AD and was eventually abandoned.

Silchester Roman Town is home to the remains of Calleva Atrebatum, a town which flourished under the Romans in the mid-first century AD. Built on the site of what had been an Iron Age trading hub, Calleva Atrebatum itself became a busy town crammed with shops, homes and several public... Read More

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St Albans

St Albans is a wonderful market town and the site of the execution of Britain’s first Christian martyr (209AD).

The town of St Albans has something for everyone. Originally a Celtic British settlement known as Verlamion, the town was conquered by the Romans and re-named Verulamium. Despite suffering great destruction during the revolt of Boudicca in 60-61AD, the town was re-built and became a thriving settlement. St Albans has... Read More

Photo by Stuart (cc)

St Bride’s Church

Located in London’s journalistic heartland of Fleet Street, St Bride’s is a restored 17th century church, steeped in history and originally designed by Sir Christopher Wren.

Located in London’s journalistic heartland of Fleet Street, St Bride’s is a restored 17th century church, steeped in history and originally designed by Sir Christopher Wren. A succession of churches has existed on the site for over 1,000 years and the site’s history stretches even further into the past right back... Read More

Photo by Peter Trimming (cc)

St Dunstan in the East

The majestic ruins of the ancient church of St Dunstan-in-the-East represent one of London’s best hidden gems and now form the centre point of a pretty public garden.

The majestic ruins of the ancient church of St Dunstan-in-the-East represent one of London’s best hidden gems and now form the centre point of a pretty public garden. First built around 1100AD, the church was severely damaged during the Great Fire of London in 1666 before being largely repaired and rebuilt.... Read More

Photo by Alex S. Bayley (cc)

St James’s Palace

St James’s Palace has been the official residence of the British Sovereign since the reign of King Henry VIII.

St James’s Palace has been the official residence of the British Sovereign since the reign of King Henry VIII. In fact, it was under Henry VIII that the redbrick Tudor structure of St James’s Palace was begun in 1531 on the former site of a hospital. It was mostly completed by... Read More

Photo by Historvius

St Mary’s Abbey

St Mary’s Abbey is a picturesque ruined Benedictine abbey in York, located in York Museum Gardens.

St Mary's Abbey is a picturesque ruined Benedictine abbey in York, located in York Museum Gardens. The abbey was founded in 1088 and the surviving ruins date from a rebuilding programme begun in 1270 and finished by 1294. One of the largest and richest Benedictine monasteries and one of the largest landholders... Read More

St Mary’s Church Nether Alderley

Beautiful 14th Century Church Open every Sunday afternoon from Easter to September

St Mary's Church of Nether Alderley in Cheshire is a picturesque 14th century church. The site is open for guided tours every Sunday from Easter to September.... Read More

Photo by garryknight (cc)

St Paul’s Cathedral

St Paul’s Cathedral is an iconic historic building in central London and the seat of the Diocese of London.

Carved into London’s skyline, St Paul’s Cathedral is the city’s central church and the seat of the Diocese of London. The current building of St Paul’s Cathedral was built between 1675 and 1710, however the site on which it sits has been home to cathedrals since 604 AD. In fact,... Read More

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Stourhead

A stately home set in the Wiltshire countryside, Stourhead House and Estate includes a wealth of impressive attractions – from the eighteenth century house to the ornate gardens and grounds with their Romanesque temples. Fun for all the family, this site won’t disappoint.

Stourhead is a prominent British stately home set in the Wiltshire countryside which is now run by the National Trust. Stourhead is famous for its impressive 2,650-acre estate and gardens, which attract tens of thousands of visitors every year. Though much of the house dates back to the early eighteenth century,... Read More

Sutton Hoo

Site of discovery of Anglo-Saxon ship burial.

In the 1940s, a complete Anglo-Saxon ship burial was discovered at Sutton Hoo. It is one of the most coherent and significant finds of materials from the Anglo-Saxon period. This article is a stub and is currently being expanded by our editorial team.... Read More

Photo by Alan Stanton (cc)

The Foundling Museum

The Foundling Museum tells the story of the famous orphanage which once stood on the site as well as holding an important art collection of works donated to it.

Located within the site of London’s first home for abandoned children, the Foundling Museum tells the story of this institution and explores the history of the children who lived here. As well as collections, artefacts and photos looking at the stories of the children themselves, the Foundling Museum also contains a... Read More

The Geffrye Museum of the Home

The Geffrye Museum in Shoreditch is dedicated to the changing styles of homes and gardens covering four centuries of styles, tastes, furnishings and decorations from 17th century oak panelling to today’s ultra-modern decor.

The Geffrye Museum in Shoreditch is a fascinating journey through British homes of the last four centuries and explores how people lived - and live! Showcasing the ways in which homes over the years have been decorated and used, the Geffrye Museum has a number of period rooms that show... Read More

Photo by Stazjia (cc)

The Great Fire of London Monument

The Great Fire of London Monument commemorates the major fire of 1666.

The Great Fire of London Monument, often known simply as “The Monument” is a Doric column designed by Sir Christopher Wren and built between 1671 and 1677 to commemorate the Great Fire of London. It is crowned with a vase of flames. The Great Fire of London was a major fire... Read More

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The London Royal Air Force Museum

The London Royal Air Force Museum offers a great overview of the history of aviation in combat as well as housing over 100 aircraft from around the world.

The Royal Air Force Museum (RAF Museum) in Hendon in North London has a series of exhibitions dedicated to the history of the RAF and aviation in general. Housing a fantastic collection of over 100 aircraft, the RAF museum has an impressive selection of planes including some of the most... Read More

Photo by Elsie esq. (cc)

The Mary Rose

The Mary Rose was King Henry VIII’s favourite warship, sunk in 1545 and recovered in 1982.

The Mary Rose was built between 1509 and 1511 and was amongst the largest and most advanced warships of the time, being one of the first to carry heavy guns. King Henry VIII favoured the Mary Rose and she was to serve in a series of conflicts including against the... Read More

Photo by Historvius

The Merchant’s House

The Merchant’s House in Marlborough is a fine example of a 17th century silk merchant’s home.

The Merchant’s House in Marlborough was built by Thomas Bayly following the Great Fire of Marlborough in 1653. Thomas Bayly was a prosperous silk merchant and leading citizen of Marlborough and lived in the house with his wife, 9 children and servants. The House is being restored by a... Read More

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The Roman Lighthouse

The Roman Lighthouse in Dover is a ruined first century AD Roman tower which is one of the best-preserved of its kind anywhere in the world.

The Roman Lighthouse in Dover is a ruined first century AD Roman tower which originally served to guide shipping into the ancient Roman port of Dubris. Today it is one of the best-preserved of its kind anywhere in the world. The original octagonal structure was 24m tall and consisted of six... Read More

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The Sanctuary (Avebury)

The Sanctuary near Avebury houses the remains of a Neolithic monument and is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The Sanctuary near Avebury in England is a monument believed to date back to around 3000 BC. The concrete markers which can be seen today at the Sanctuary site were once made up of first timber slabs and then stones. These were destroyed in approximately 1725 AD, their original locations... Read More

Photo by Historvius

The Tower of London

The Tower of London is a famous fortress and prison originally commissioned by the first Norman king, William the Conqueror.

The Tower of London, originally known as the White Tower, was commissioned by the first Norman king, William the Conqueror and work on it was underway by the 1070s. It was designed as a fortress-stronghold, a role that remained unchanged right up until the late 19th century. The Tower of London... Read More

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The Vyne

The Vyne is a 16th century English historic house which once played host to King Henry VIII and contains the original Tudor chapel.

The Vyne is a 16th century English historic house in Hampshire which played host to King Henry VIII on a number of occasions. Built for Henry’s Lord Chamberlain, Lord Sandys, in the early 16th century, The Vyne later became the residence of the Chute family up until the mid-20th century. The... Read More

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Thornbury Castle

Thornbury Castle is an original Tudor manor house which once played host to King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn.

Thornbury Castle in South Gloucestershire is an original Tudor manor house which now operates as a luxury hotel. Built in the early 16th century by Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham, Thornbury Castle soon passed into the possession of the crown after the Duke was executed for treason by... Read More

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Tower Bridge

Tower Bridge is an iconic nineteenth century bridge over the Thames in London.

Tower Bridge is an iconic nineteenth century bridge which stands over the Thames in London. The impetus to build Tower Bridge began gaining momentum in 1876, when it was decided that there was a need for a bridge to the east of London Bridge to accommodate the increasing commercial development in... Read More

Photo by William A Dobson (cc)

Towton Battlefield

The largest and bloodiest battle of the Wars of the Roses, where over 28,000 men are thought to have died in a single day.

Towton Battlefield near York in northern England is the location of the Battle of Towton, a decisive encounter in the Wars of the Roses. Fought on 29 March 1461, this was the largest and bloodiest battle of the war. Over 28,000 men are thought to have died on a single... Read More

Photo by amandabhslater (cc)

Tudor House and Garden

The Tudor House and Garden is a restored 15th century Tudor home and one of Southampton’s most important historic buildings.

The Tudor House and Garden in Southampton is a restored 15th century historic home which now operates as a museum. Though previous structures existed on the site, the existing Tudor House and Garden that is seen today traces its roots back to around 1495AD, when Sir John Dawtry, an important local... Read More

Photo by steve p2008 (cc)

Tutbury Castle

Tutbury Castle is an imposing medieval site in Staffordshire which had one very famous prisoner, Mary Queen of Scots.

Tutbury Castle is an imposing medieval site in Staffordshire which had one very famous prisoner, Mary Queen of Scots. Whilst its history is said to date back to the 11th century, most of the ruins of Tutbury Castle seen today originate from the 14th and 15th centuries, under the remit... Read More

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Verulamium

Verulamium was a Roman settlement near modern day St Albans in England.

Verulamium was a prominent Roman settlement near modern day St Albans in England. Formerly the tribal capital of the native Catuvellauni tribe, Verulamium was conquered by the Romans during their invasion of the island in 43 AD. By 50 AD, Verulamium had become a major Roman town, and as such was... Read More

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Victoria and Albert Museum

The Victoria and Albert Museum displays millions of works of art from around the world and spans 3,000 years of history.

The Victoria and Albert Museum, better known as the V and A, in London is one of the world’s most prominent museums of design and decorative art. Housing a vast array of items from around the world and throughout history, including Ancient Chinese art, Indian sculptures and medieval and renaissance masterpieces,... Read More

Photo by Bert Kaufmann (cc)

Vindolanda

Vindolanda was one of the main Ancient Roman wall forts of Hadrian’s Wall in Britain.

Vindolanda was one of the main Ancient Roman wall forts of Hadrian’s Wall, the 73-mile barrier built by the Emperor Hadrian from 122 AD. However, Vindolanda is thought to have been inhabited by the Romans from 85 AD, following the victory of the Roman Governor Agricola at the Battle of Mons... Read More

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Wall Roman site

The Wall Roman site in Staffordshire houses the ruins of an Ancient Roman inn.

The Wall Roman site in Staffordshire houses the remains of what was a Roman military staging site, essentially an inn or “mansio” along the ancient route towards Wales. Then known as Letocetum, the Wall Roman site was a convenient stop along this important military road. Visitors to the Wall Roman site –... Read More

Photo by Peter Broster (cc)

Warwick Castle

Built by a king, the seat of a kingmaker and vital stronghold in the Wars of the Roses and the English Civil War, Warwick Castle has played an important role in British history.

Built by a king, the seat of a kingmaker and vital stronghold in the Wars of the Roses and the English Civil War, Warwick Castle has played an important role in British history. Saxon Origins Before Warwick Castle’s existence, the site on which it sits was the location of... Read More

Watford Museum

This museum is devoted to the history of the local area and that of the town of Watford itself.

Watford Museum covers the history of the local area and that of Watford itself, reflecting the diversity of life in this town located just outside London. It has a number of permanent exhibitions including local history; particularly interesting are the exhibitions on the Earls of Essex and Cassiobury Park. The... Read More

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Welwyn Roman Baths

The Welwyn Roman Baths complex houses the remains of a Roman bathhouse dating back to the 3rd Century AD.

The Welwyn Roman Baths complex houses the remains of a Roman bathhouse dating back to the 3rd century AD. Originally part of a larger Roman Villa, the Welwyn Roman Baths are housed in a unique environment - an underground chamber built nine metres below the A1(M) motorway. Excavations took place before... Read More

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Western Approaches Museum

Take command of the British Navy with a visit to the Western Approaches Bunker and submerse yourself in the history of the decisive Battle of the Atlantic.

The Western Approaches Museum in Liverpool allows you to step back in time and undertake a completely unique experience, where you don’t just see the history but can actually venture inside to experience it first-hand. The Western Approaches Museum sits within a World War II bunker complex which served as the... Read More

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Whitby Abbey

Whitby Abbey is a picturesque cliff-top ruin of the 13th century church which belonged to a Benedictine abbey in Yorkshire.

Whitby Abbey is a picturesque cliff-top ruin of the 13th century church of a Benedictine abbey in Yorkshire. An Anglo-Saxon monastery was actually first founded here by Northumbria’s King Oswy in 657AD, but nothing remains of this now. Instead, the jagged walls and arches that stand here are what are... Read More

Photo by Dave Catchpole (cc)

Whitley Castle

This little-known, remote Roman fort in the North Pennines bordering Cumbria and Northumberland is not only the highest stone-built Roman fort in Britain, it has the most complex defensive earthworks of any known fort in the entire Roman Empire.

Stewart Ainsworth from Channel 4’s Time Team called Whitley Castle ‘the best preserved fort in the Roman Empire’ and it’s hard to disagree. Also known as Epiacum (the first town in northern England occupied by the Celtic, pre-Roman Brigantes tribe and probably named for a local chief), Whitley Castle in... Read More

Photo by benjgibbs (cc)

Winchester Cathedral

One of Europe’s great cathedrals, Winchester spans 1,000 years of rich, fascinating history with so much to discover including one of the world’s most exquisite bibles, the 11th century crypt and Jane Austen’s final resting place.

Every year, three hundred thousand people from all over the world visit Winchester Cathedral, one of the finest in Europe. Once the seat of the royal power of the Anglo-Saxons and Normans, a Christian church was built here around 645AD and over the next 350 years it became the most... Read More

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Winchester Palace

Winchester Palace in Southwark was a twelfth-century grand complex which was one of the most important buildings in all of medieval London.

Winchester Palace in Southwark was a twelfth-century grand complex which was one of the most important buildings in all of medieval London. Today the relatively obscure ruins are located close to Southwark Cathedral and Borough Market. Founded by Bishop Henry de Blois - brother of King Stephen - and subsequently home... Read More

Photo by Lee Haywood (cc)

Wollaton Hall

A classic prodigy house, Wollaton Hall in Nottingham is a spectacular Elizabethan mansion built in the 1580s for Sir Francis Willoughby. It now houses the Nottingham Natural History Museum and was described as ‘the architectural sensation of its age.’

Designed by Robert Smythson and built from Ancaster stone for 16th century industrialist Sir Francis Willoughby and his family in the 1580s, Wollaton Hall is a genuinely jaw-dropping Elizabethan mansion of spectacular proportions. It was described as ‘the architectural sensation of its age.’ A classic ‘prodigy house,’ a term for ostentatious... Read More

Photo by steve p2008 (cc)

Wroxeter Roman City

Wroxeter Roman City houses the remains of what was once Roman Britain’s fourth largest city.

Wroxeter Roman City is an impressive Ancient Roman site in Shropshire. It houses the remains of what was once known as Viroconium, at one time Roman Britain’s fourth largest city. In fact, Viroconium was initially a first Century garrisoned fort which evolved into a city. Around 5,000 people lived in Viroconium... Read More

Photo by By Neil T (cc)

York City Walls

The York City Walls are England’s most intact set of city walls and one of the city’s most popular attractions.

The York City Walls are England’s most complete set of city walls and one of the city’s most popular attractions. Made up of structures built at different times of the city’s history, resplendent with four main ornate stone gateways known as “bars” and 34 towers and offering a great way... Read More

Photo by By adactio (cc)

York Minster

York Minster is one of the largest gothic cathedrals in northern Europe, built by the Normans and expanded over the centuries.

York Minster is a vast gothic cathedral – one of the largest in Northern Europe – officially known as The Cathedral and Metropolitical Church of St Peter in York. The term “Minster” is attributed to the cathedral as it was a teaching church founded by the Anglo Saxons. In fact, the... Read More

Yorkshire Museum

The Yorkshire Museum is a true celebration of two thousand years of history of one of the UK’s most beautiful, traditional and influential cities.

The Yorkshire Museum was opened in 1830 by the Yorkshire Philosophical Society and is a celebration of two millennia of history of one of the UK’s most beautiful, traditional and influential cities. One of the UKs first purpose-built museums, it reopened in 2010 after a £2m refurbishment project. The Yorkshire Museum... Read More