Historic Sites in Egypt

The Historic Sites in Egypt tell the story of a land which was home to one of the most iconic civilisations of the ancient world, the ancient Egyptians. Whether it’s the famed silhouette of the Pyramids of Giza or the allure of the Valley of the Kings, these great wonders draw tourists from around the world.

Yet, the historic sites of Egypt also reveal so much more about this nation’s past. Roman amphitheatres, Greek ports and World War II battle sites, they all number among the many historical sites in Egypt and are well worth a look.

So, if you’re looking to discover more of the historic sites in Egypt than simply Egypt's pyramids, then you can explore our interactive map above or navigate further by using the links below. You can browse our selection of historic places in Egypt, use our itinerary planner to plan out your own Egypt history tour and then print off a free pocket guidebook. Our database of Egypt's historic sites is growing constantly, but we might not have them all. Remember, if you know of other historic sites in Egypt, you can add them to Trip Historic now by visiting our upload page.

Top Destinations: Historic Sites in Alexandria |

Egypt: Site Index

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Abu Simbel

One of the many historic sites in Egypt allocated UNESCO status, Abu Simbel is an ancient Egyptian temple complex which includes two Temples of Ramesses II.

Abu Simbel is an archaeological site in Egypt housing a series of incredible Ancient Egyptian monuments, especially a number of rock temples. The most famous sites at Abu Simbel are the two Temples of Ramesses II. The site was rediscovered in 1813. Known as Ramesses the Great (sometimes spelt Ramses),... Read More

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Abusir Pyramids

Sadly not the best preserved of historical sites in Egypt, the Abusir Pyramids are a set of Fifth Dynasty pyramids located not far from Cairo.

The Abusir Pyramids, near Cairo in Egypt are fourteen Ancient Egyptian pyramids. These were built by the pharaohs of the Fifth Dynasty, including those of Sahure, Neferirkare and Nyuserre Ini and, like Saqqara’s pyramids, formed part of the ancient city of Memphis. One or two of the Abusir Pyramids are relatively... Read More

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Abydos

This important ancient Egyptian site contains a wealth of tombs, temples and other significant remains including the Temple of Seti I. It is one of the historic places in Egypt reachable by tour from Luxor.

Abydos is an important Ancient Egyptian site located about 50 miles north-west of Luxor which contains a wealth of tombs, temples and other archaeological remains. Covering a vast area, Abydos has offered up many historical sites and much of the area still remains uncovered. It is perhaps best known for the... Read More

Alexandria National Museum

The Alexandria National Museum in Alexandria, Egypt houses one of the world's finest collections of Pharaonic, Ptolemaic, Coptic, Roman, Byzantine and Islamic artefacts in the world.

Opened in 2003 by Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, the Alexandria National Museum sits in the middle of the city in an elegant early 20th century Italianate mansion that used to be the home to the Consulate of the United States of America. The 3,480 square metre museum documents the rich... Read More

Australian 9th Division War Memorial

Dedicated to the Australian soldiers who fought in North Africa during World War II, this is one of several commemorative historical sites in Egypt.

The Australian 9th Division War Memorial in Egypt commemorates those Australian troops who died between July and November 1942 during the World War II North Africa Campaign, particularly the Battle of El Alamein. Around 6,000 members of the Australian 9th Division became casualties in these battles. The Australian 9th Division War... Read More

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Cairo Museum of Egyptian Antiquities

Containing the most comprehensive and important collection of ancient Egyptian artefacts in the world, the Cairo Museum of Egyptian Antiquities is among the most important historic attractions in Egypt.

The Cairo Museum of Egyptian Antiquities contains the most comprehensive and important collection of Ancient Egyptian artefacts in the world. Indeed, it is said to have over 100,000 pieces in all. From smaller objects such as coins and piece of papyrus to statues of pharaohs and the magnificence of the Royal... Read More

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Catacombs of Kom ash-Shuqqafa

The Catacombs of Kom ash-Shuqqafa are one of the underground historical sites in Egypt and are a collection of ancient Roman tombs in Alexandria.

The Catacombs of Kom ash-Shuqqafa in Alexandria, Egypt, are an incredible set of subterranean Ancient Roman tombs. Made up of three levels containing 300 bodies, the Catacombs of Kom ash-Shuqqafa represent the true sophistication of Ancient Roman engineering. Built in around the second century AD, the Catacombs of Kom ash-Shuqqafa comprise a... Read More

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Dahshur

One of the less crowded historic sites in Egypt in which to see the creations of the ancient Egyptians, Dahshur is home to the famous Bent Pyramid and the Red Pyramid of Sneferu.

Dahshur was once home to eleven Ancient Egyptian pyramids, of which few have survived. However, for those wishing to view the Egypt’s pyramids in peace and quiet, Dahshur is the place to go. Unlike the more popular Giza and Saqqara, Dahshur has not become a tourist hotspot, despite its ancient attractions,... Read More

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Dendera

A real gem amongst the ancient historic sites of Egypt, Dendera, near Luxor, contains the stunning Temple of Hathor. Day-trips run there from many Luxor hotels.

The Dendera complex lies approximately 50 miles north of Luxor and contains some of the best preserved and most accessible ancient Egyptian ruins to be found in Egypt, including temples, tombs and even a Christian chapel. The most prominent site in the Dendera complex is the Ptolemaic-era Temple of Hathor. Dating... Read More

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El Alamein Battlefield

One of the most famous battle sites of World War II and among the best known historic places in Egypt is El Alamein Battlefield, the site of a crucial Allied victory.

El Alamein Battlefield in Egypt was the site a major victory by the Allied forces during the Second World War., known as the Second Battle of El-Alamein. Over three years, Allied and Axis forces engaged in an ongoing conflict in the North African region, with Germany’s commander, Rommel, intent on... Read More

El Alamein Commonwealth Cemetery

The El Alamein Commonwealth Cemetery is a British operated military cemetery and one of the historic sites in Egypt which relates to the famous Battle of El Alamein.

The El Alamein Commonwealth Cemetery is the burial place of 7,240 Commonwealth soldiers who died in the course of the Western Desert campaign in Egypt and Libya during World War II, particularly those who were killed in the Battle of El Alamein in 1942. Together with the beautifully organised grave site,... Read More

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El Alamein War Museum

This museum is dedicated to the Second Battle of El Alamein fought in 1942 during World War II.

The El Alamein War Museum houses a series of exhibitions about the Second Battle of El Alamein, a crucial Allied victory during World War II in which the Italian and German armies were forced out of Egypt. Housing a collection of uniforms, armed vehicles and weaponry, the El Alamein War Museum... Read More

German El Alamein Cemetery

The German El Alamein Cemetery is the burial place of those German soldiers who died in the Battle of El Alamein. It is one of a series of World War II historic sites in Egypt in this area.

The German El Alamein Cemetery is the final resting place of 4,200 German soldiers who died in the Battle of El Alamein. This battle, part of the World War II North Africa Campaign, took place in 1942 and was a major victory for the Allies against the German and Italian... Read More

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Giza

The most iconic of all historic sites in Egypt, Giza draws tourists from all over the world. It is home to the Great Pyramid and the famous Sphinx as well as several other stunning sites.

Giza or ‘Al Giza’ is a tourist hotspot and the site of some of Ancient Egypt’s most famous landmarks, including the largest pyramid on Earth. Giza is home to the pyramids of kings Khufu, Khafra and Menkaure. The largest pyramid in Giza, and in the world, belongs to the second king... Read More

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Hawara Pyramid

The Hawara Pyramid was built by Amenemhat III and, whilst its mud-brick structure is quite eroded, it remains one of the ancient historic attractions in Egypt.

The Hawara Pyramid was erected by the Twelfth Dynasty pharaoh, Amenemhat III, ruler of Ancient Egypt from around 1860 BC to 1814 BC and who also built the Black Pyramid at Dahshur. Once a formidable structure which was known as the “Labyrinth” for its elaborate security measures, the Hawara Pyramid was... Read More

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Italian El Alamein Memorial

This commemorates the Italian casualties of the Battle of El Alamein.

The Italian El Alamein Memorial or ‘Sacrario italiano a El Alamein’ is a white octagonal monument to the 4,800 Italian soldiers who died in the 1942 Battle of El Alamein and those approximately 38,000 missing. There is also a nearby chapel.... Read More

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Karnak Temple

Once part of the city of Thebes, the Karnak Temple is not just vast but one of the most impressive historic sites in Egypt and is listed by UNESCO.

The Karnak Temple, or rather the complex of temples of Karnak, in Luxor, Egypt is one of the most impressive of Ancient Egyptian sites and once formed part of the city of Thebes. Sprawling over two square kilometres, the site known as the Karnak Temple was built and expanded by a... Read More

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Kom Ombo Temple

Listed among the sacred Ptolemaic historic sites of Egypt, the Kom Ombo Temple is co-dedicated to the crocodile deity Sobek and to the falcon-headed Haroeris.

The Kom Ombo Temple is a sacred Ptolemaic temple co-dedicated to the crocodile deity Sobek and to the falcon-headed Haroeris. This dual-dedication is quite atypical and is - equally unusually - reflected in the symmetrical design of the Kom Ombo Temple. Built under Ptolemy VI of the Ptolemaic Dynasty... Read More

Leukaspis

Little known but well worth seeing amidst the many historic sites in Egypt is Leukaspis, a once a thriving Greco-Roman port and city founded in the 2nd century BC.

Leukaspis (Locassis) was a thriving Greco-Roman port and city founded in the second century BC and which grew to a population of 15,000 residents at its peak. Also known as Antiphrae, Leukaspis was a commercial hub of the Mediterranean olive, wine and wheat industries, conducting trade both inland and overseas.... Read More

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Luxor Temple

The Luxor Temple is a famous and beautifully preserved holy ancient Egyptian site was once part of the city of Thebes. It is among the World Heritage historic sites in Egypt.

The Luxor Temple in the city of Luxor, Egypt was once a sacred temple built in honour of the deity Amun. Constructed in the 14th century BC by Amenhotep III, the ninth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty, the Luxor Temple was part of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes. Today, together with the... Read More

Medinet Madi Temple

The Medinet Madi Temple is an ancient temple to the fierce crocodile deity, Sobek, and one of the historic sites in Egypt built by the 12th Dynasty.

Medinet Madi Temple is an ancient Egyptian temple to the fierce crocodile deity, Sobek and his wife, Renenutet. At its peak, this temple would have been a place for breeding and nurturing sacred crocodiles in preparation for them to be mummified for sale to pilgrims. Said by some to... Read More

Mons Claudianus

Few tourists known about this ancient quarry in the Egyptian dessert, one of the Roman historic sites of Egypt.

Mons Claudianus in Egypt houses an Ancient Roman quarry, the remains of which can still be seen today. Mons Claudianus was one of a few Roman quarries used to mine for granodiorite, a type of quartz only found in Egypt and which was used in many of the empire’s most... Read More

Pompey’s Pillar

This third century ancient Roman column is located in Alexandria.

Pompey’s Pillar is a solitary granite column in Alexandria, Egypt and one of the few Roman remains to have survived in the city. Whilst called “Pompey’s Pillar”, this 25 metre tall structure was actually dedicated to the Emperor Diocletian, who ruled Rome from from 284 to 305 AD. Completed towards... Read More

Roman Amphitheatre - Alexandria

The ancient Roman amphitheatre in Alexandria is the only one of its kind of all the historical sites in Egypt.

The Roman amphitheatre in Alexandria in Egypt is a large circular Roman theatre and the only one of its type to be found in the country. Though often referred to as an amphitheatre, the site is actually that of a small Roman theatre rather than a larger sporting arena. Excavations at... Read More

Saqqara

Saqqara was the burial ground of the ancient Egyptian city of Memphis and houses a stunning range of pyramids and tombs. It is among the more popular historic sites in Egypt near Cairo.

Saqqara was the burial place of the city of Memphis, the capital of Ancient Egypt founded in 3000 BC by Menes. Now a UNESCO World Heritage site, Saqqara is home to eleven major pyramids sprawled over six miles, including the first ever pyramid, known as the Step Pyramid and funerary complex... Read More

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Temple of Amun

A famous ancient temple in the western Egyptian desert, famously visited by Alexander the Great.

The remains of the famous Temple of Amun at Siwa represent what is left of one of the most famous oracles of the ancient world. In the western Egyptian desert near the Libyan border, a small Egyptian settlement dated to the time of the first dynasty was located at the... Read More

Temple of Horus

Dedicated to one of the most important deities of the time, the Temple of Horus is one of the most beautifully preserved historic sites of Egypt and among the largest of its temples.

The Temple of Horus, also known as the Edfu Temple, is an incredibly well-preserved monument to one of Ancient Egypt’s most important deities, Horus. Worshipped as the child of Isis and Osiris, Horus was depicted with the head - and often the body - of a falcon and was the... Read More

The Serapeum

Little remains today of this magnificent ancient temple and library complex in Alexandria, but the Serapeum is one of the most well-known historic sites in Egypt.

The Serapeum in Alexandria was an ancient temple dedicated to the worship of the Greco-Egyptian deity Serapis. Built by Ptolemy III in the third century BC, the Serapeum also housed an important library which may have served as an annex of the Great Library of Alexandria. In late... Read More

Underground Library of Alexandria

Found under the ruins of the Serapeum, the underground library of Alexandria once formed part of the city’s famous Great Library. Visiting it is one of the most fascinating things to do in Egypt.

The underground library of Alexandria, found underneath the ruins of the Serapeum, consists of a series of subterranean tunnels and storerooms where it is believed part of the collection of the Great Library of Alexandria was stored. The Great Library itself was constructed in the third century BC and was... Read More

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Valley of the Kings

The burial place of the great pharaohs, the Valley of the Kings is one of the major historical sites in Egypt and among the most popular things to see.

The Valley of the Kings in Luxor in Egypt was once part of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes. From the Eighteenth Dynasty to the Twentieth, the pharaohs of Egypt were buried in the Valley of the Kings. Today, visitors flock to see the myriad of ancient tombs cut into the... Read More

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Zawyet el Aryan Pyramids

Zawyet el Aryan contains the remains of two Egyptian pyramids, the Layer Pyramid and the Unfinished Pyramid. It is thought they were both built around 2700-2600BC.

The town of Zawyet el Aryan, near Giza in north-eastern Egypt contains the remains of two relatively obscure Egyptian pyramids – known as the Layer Pyramid and the Unfinished Pyramid. It is thought they were both built during the Third Dynasty, therefore putting construction sometime around 2700-2600BC. The Layer Pyramid is... Read More