It is little wonder that there’s such an interesting selection of Historic Sites in Croatia. After all, inhabited since prehistoric times, Croatia has the marks of several civilisations, including the Greeks and Romans, and has a fascinating pre- and post-war history. If you’re looking to discover Historic Sites in Croatia and the surrounding area then you can explore our interactive map above or navigate further by using the links below.
You can plan some great things to see on your trips by browsing our selection and, once you’ve explored the Historic Sites in Croatia you can use our itinerary planner tool to plan out your trip and then print off a free pocket guidebook.
Our database of historic sites is always growing, but we might not cover them all. So, if you know of other Historic Sites in Croatia, you can always add them to Trip Historic now by visiting our upload page.
Bokar Fortress is a stunning example of harmonious and functional fortification architecture and was built in the 1460s to defend the western entrance to the city of Dubrovnik. It also happens to be one of the most famous Game of Thrones filming locations.
Designed and mostly built during the 1460s by Michelozzo di Bartololmeo, an Italian architect considered to be one of the great Renaissance pioneers, Bokar Fortress is one of the world’s finest examples of ‘harmonious and functional fortification architecture’ and was built to defend the western entrance to the city of Dubrovnik. In fact it was the key defender of the strategically vital Pile Gate.
The fort you see today was finally completed in 1570 after a century of debate to decide whether it should actually be finished!
Often called ‘Zvjezdan’, a Serbo-Croat word meaning ‘starry’, presumably for the amazing views of the light pollution-free night sky as you look out into the Adriatic Sea, parts of the magnificent, almost perfectly cylindrical fort are perched on a detached rock allowing the sea water to pass beneath it – which can still be seen today.
It is said that Bokar Fortress is the oldest casemented fortress – that is a fortified structure from where guns are fired – in Europe.
The fairytale-esque Bokar Fortress featured in seasons two and three of Game of Thrones and is perhaps best seen when Varys informs Tyrion he’s ‘quite good’ at being the hand of the king.
Today, the fort is open all year round and is perhaps most famous as a venue for performances of the Dubrovnik Summer Festival.
One of the more unusual yet intriguing historic sites in Croatia, this palace built by the Roman Emperor Diocletian actually evolved into a whole town.
Diocletian’s Palace in Croatia is remarkable in that this Ancient Roman emperor’s home evolved over the years to become an entire town, known as Split.
Diocletian was a Dalmatian-born soldier who reigned as emperor from November 248 AD to May 305 AD. He is considered a great reformer, having restructured the empire’s provinces and reorganised its administrative system. Perhaps one of the most unique aspects of Diocletian’s reign was that he was able to retire by choice.
When he retired, the emperor did so at what is now known as Diocletian’s Palace and lived there until his death. He had built Diocletian’s Palace between 293 and 303 AD, not far from the town of his birth, Salona, modern day Solin.
When it was completed, Diocletian’s Palace was an impressive fortified structure with residential and garrisoned wings separated by a road. Diocletian’s Palace was lavish, with several apartments, three temples and the Peristil, which was a ceremonial court. It also housed Diocletian’s mausoleum, an octagonal structure where the emperor was later buried.
After Diocletian’s demise, Diocletian’s Palace continued to be in use until the sixth century, when it and Salona were attacked by the Eurasian Avars. The people of Salona sheltered within the palace walls, which managed to withstand the attack, and continued to live there.
From this point began the slow development of Diocletian’s Palace into a medieval town known as Spalato – now Split. Shops and homes were incorporated into its walls and a city grew in what can be described as a process of organic urbanisation. Unfortunately, Diocletian’s mausoleum no longer exists, it having become St Duje Cathedral in the seventh century. The location of Diocletian’s remains is unknown.
Walking around Split today, it is difficult to know where Diocletian’s Palace ends and the city begins. The two are intricately combined. Some of the more obvious and impressive original ruins include the fortification gates, particularly the Silver Gate, the Temple of Jupiter, the underground passageways and the Peristil. It caters well for the tourist trade with several walking tours of the historical sites.
Diocletian’s Palace and Split have been a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1979 and the city is a popular tourist destination.
Many of the top historic sites in Croatia are located in Dubrovnik, a stunning city which is also a World Heritage site.
Dubrovnik is a Croatian city on the Dalmatian coast understandably known as the 'Pearl of the Adriatic'.
While many historical sources date its establishment to the seventh or even fifth century, Dubrovnik or its ‘old city’, which is protected as a UNESCO World Heritage site, became a powerful merchant town in the thirteenth century and, in a period before the eighteenth century, operated as a free state.
Dubrovnik is considered to be the cultural centre of Croatia and, despite the fact that the city suffered a devastating earthquake in 1667 and several attacks including being invaded by the Nazis and a seven month siege by the Yugoslav People’s Army in 1991, many of its stunning buildings survive.
Amongst its many draws are its churches, such as the beautiful Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary with its impressive organ, the Church of St. Ignatius, the church of St Blasius (patron saint of Dubrovnik) and the Franciscan Monastery which houses the third oldest pharmacy in the world. Many of Dubrovnik’s churches are built in a classic Baroque style.
Dubrovnik’s main street is Stradun, where the Large Onofrio Fountain can be found and, in nearby Luza Square, one can see Dubrovnik’s symbol of peace, Orlando’s Column. Also within the vicinity of the buzzing Luza Square are the fifteenth century buildings of Sponza Palace and Ducal Palace, both of which have served important secular roles in Dubrovnik’s history.
Other gems include the Zelenci statues, or at least the new replicas of the originals, at the top of the Bell Tower near the Polce entrance to Dubrovnik, which toll a giant bell on the hour.
Completed in 1713, Dubrovnik Cathedral is one of many picturesque historic sites in Croatia.
Dubrovnik Cathedral, which is officially known as the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, is one in a long line of cathedrals built on the current site since the seventh century.
The current Baroque-style Dubrovnik Cathedral was completed in 1713, the previous one having been destroyed in an earthquake in the seventeenth century. There is a great legend attached to Dubrovnik Cathedral. It is said that Richard the Lionheart was shipwrecked in Dubrovnik in 1192 and that he contributed funds towards building the cathedral as a show of thanks. Were this legend accurate, this would have been the structure that was ruined in the earthquake.
One of the highlights of Dubrovnik Cathedral is its treasury, which contains a large collection of relics, some belonging to the city’s patron saint, St. Blaise.
Considered some of the best preserved medieval fortifications in the world, the Dubrovnik City Walls are also among the most famous historical sites in Croatia.
The Dubrovnik City Walls are this city’s most iconic site and represent some of the best preserved medieval fortifications in the world. Completely surrounding the city by the thirteenth century, the Dubrovnik City Walls continued to be strengthened and improved up to the sixteenth century. This included fifteenth century additions in order to defend against invasion by the Turks.
Now measuring an impressive 2km in length, the Dubrovnik City Walls are dotted with imposing forts and gates. One of the most impressive of these is Pile Gate, which is a robust gothic construction dating back to 1537 and which is usually the starting point of a walk around the Dubrovnik City Walls.
The walls themselves are generally 6 metres thick and 24 metres in height. Today, a walk along the Dubrovnik City Walls is very much part of one’s visit and gives a good overview of the city’s history.
Dubrovnik is a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The Dubrovnik Franciscan Monastery is a large complex built from 1317. It is one of a myriad of medieval historic attractions in Croatia.
The Dubrovnik Franciscan Monastery is a large complex built from 1317. Originally located outside the city’s medieval walls, the Dubrovnik Franciscan Monastery was moved to its current location at that time due to the threat of war.
Sadly, a series of natural disasters and wars have meant that little is left of the original fourteenth century monastery – a main site which remains is its fifteenth century doorway. The pharmacy at the Dubrovnik Franciscan Monastery is also of historical interest, this having been located there since the monastery was founded, making it one of the oldest pharmacies in the world.
Visitors can also tour the library and museum of the Dubrovnik Franciscan Monastery, which contain a series of treasures such as many old manuscripts and gold items.
Dubrovnik Synagogue is the world’s oldest surviving Sephardic synagogue. It is one of the many impressive holy historical sites in Croatia.
Dubrovnik Synagogue was formally founded in 1408 (although some say it was first established in the fourteenth century).
It is the longest surviving Sephardic synagogue and now acts as both a place of worship and as a museum. It is also said to be the world’s second oldest synagogue.
One of the many defensive historic sites of Croatia and one of several in Dubrovnik, Fort Lovrijenac is a stunning and imposing cliff-top fort.
Fort Lovrijenac is a stunning and imposing cliff-top fort located just outside Dubrovnik’s medieval city walls. One of Dubrovnik’s most impressive structures, it guards the western entrance to the city from the Adriatic Sea.
Legend has it that Fort Lovrijenac was built on a 37m high cliff in in merely three months in the eleventh century by the people of the Republic of Dubrovnik to head off an imminent attack from the Venetians. At the time, the Venetians were intent on building their own fort in this location, but Dubrovnik’s citizens completed Fort Lovrijenac first, thus frustrating the Venetian plans for military superiority.
On the three sides an enemy could attack – north, west and south-west – the walls are up to 12m thick but on the city side they are no more than 60cm thick. There was some logic to this whereby if a fort commander attempted a coup d’état, the Republic’s artillery could quickly and easily penetrate the fort and take back control.
The fort has a quadrilateral court with high arches and three terraces with parapets overlooking the sea. It was defended by ten large cannons including the beautifully carved ‘Gušter’ (‘Lizard’) made by Ivan Rabljanin. Above the door leading into the fort is the famous inscription ‘Non Bene Pro Toto Libertas Venditur Auro’ – ‘freedom is not to be sold for all the gold in the world.’
Game of Thrones fans will recognise Lovrijenac Fortress as the Red Keep in King’s Landing, the capital of the Seven Kingdoms. Scenes filmed here include the tournament thrown in honour of King Joffrey’s name day in the second series.
Today, the parapets once used to defend the city have been transformed into some of the most dignified theatrical stages in Europe, famous for performances of Shakespeare’s ‘Hamlet’.
One of the seven castle settlements developed around the town of Kastela, a beautiful 20km stretch of the Dalmatian coast between Trogir and Split, Kaštel Gomilica is best known as the Game of Thrones filming location of Braavos, the most powerful and richest of the Free Cities.
Kaštel Gomilica is one of seven castle settlements built in the 15th and 16th centuries to protect a 20km stretch of stunning Dalmatian coast and the town of Kaštela from the threat of Ottoman invasion. It worked. The Turks never got this far and the castles remain there today for your viewing pleasure.
Gomilica is the second of seven castles, the other six are Sućurac, Kambelovac, Lukšić (the only one you can enter), Stari, Novi and Štafilić and they are all worth visiting but the fort at Kaštel Gomilica is top of the list for fans of the filming locations of Game of Thrones. It doubled as Braavos, the most powerful and richest of the Free Cities - do you remember the scene from season five where Arya Stark sells oysters from a cart? Kaštel Gomilica.
Benedictine nuns from Split built Kaštel Gomilica in the 1520s on a tract of land bequeathed to them by King Zvonimir of Croatia in 1078.
Outside of the major cities, Kaštela is considered to be a taste of the real Croatia with less ‘tourists’ and more ‘cultural travellers’. It’s a perfect spot for ocean-side walks with views of Ciovo and Split and exploring the narrow allies and there’s a plethora of cafés, restaurants, shops and amenities as well as daily markets selling fresh vegetables and fish straight out the ocean.
Starting life as a small stronghold, Klis Fortress has sat high above the village of the same name for over two millennia defending Dalmatia from various invading armies. It’s also a key Games of Thrones filming location, doubling as the city of Meeren in series four.
Straddling the Mosor and Kozjuk mountains high above the city of Split and the Adriatic Sea, Klis Fortress started life as a small stronghold built by the Dalmatae, one of the Illyrian tribes in the second century BC.
Over the next 2,000 years, it has been the seat of many of Croatia’s kings and a key crossroad between the Mediterranean and the Balkans as well as a vitally important strategic defender of the area, most famously rebuffing the Ottoman advances in the Middle Ages.
Inaccessible from three sides, Klis Fortress has changed dramatically over the years to the point where the original appearance has been lost to history. Many of the buildings you see today are Venetian and from the 17th – 19th centuries. Over the years, dozens of battles have reigned down upon the fortress which changed hands many times between, amongst others, the Hungaro-Croatians, Turks, Romans (who knew it as ‘Clausura’, the origin of the later name ‘Clissa’ and today’s name, ‘Klis’), the Knights Templar, Venetians, Austrians, French and Yugoslavs.
Thirteen kilometres north of Split, Klis Fortress is one of Croatia’s most significant and strategically important fortifications as well as one of the most valuable surviving examples of defensive architecture. On the Game of Thrones map, it was the setting for the outdoor scenes of Meereen, the mercantile city-state and northernmost of the three great city-states of Slaver’s Bay.
Today, Klis Fortress is a popular tourist site in Croatia where visitors can walk through the ancient halls and ramparts as well as visiting the museum full of arms, armour and traditional uniforms.
Lokrum Island sits 600 metres into the Adriatic Sea off the coast of Dubrovnik. A fifteen-minute ferry ride gets you to the 4.6 square kilometre uninhabited nature reserve which contains the ruins of the former Benedictine monastery among other remains. For Game of Thrones fans, it was the location where Daenerys enters Qarth after being granted access by Xaro Xhoan Daxos.
Lokrum Island is a stunning and uninhabited nature reserve 600 metres from Dubrovnik’s historic harbour out in the Adriatic Sea which contains the ruins of a former Benedictine monastery among other remains.
The name Lokrum comes from the Latin ‘acrumen’ meaning ‘sour fruit’, a reference to the oranges and lemons that still grow on the island today.
It was first mentioned in 1023 by the Benedictine monks who built the (now ruined) abbey and monastery and in 1192. Legend has it that the island gave shelter to Richard the Lionheart who became shipwrecked on his return from the Third Crusade. By way of thanks, he built the Romanesque cathedral on the mainland.
The island changed ownership many times and after remaining untouched for centuries, Maximilian of Habsburg, the brother of Austrian emperor Francis Joseph I bought the islet in 1859 and set about turning it into a stunning nature reserve.
Today you can find the fascinating the ruins of the Benedictine monastery nestled among olive groves, citrus trees, forests of pine, laurel, oak, cypress and ash trees. If you go to the southern tip, you’ll find a small saltwater lake, all under the protection of UNESCO. In addition, the only inhabitants of the island are exquisite peacocks and ‘moments in their company can feel wonderfully decadent.’
Perhaps Lokrum Island's biggest claim to fame in recent times is it's place on the Game of Thrones map as the interior of Qarth, the place where Daenerys is granted access to the city by Xaro Xhoan Daxos.
Less than a mile wide at its widest point, Lokrum Island is accessible by a taxi-boat from Dubrovnik and the return price of around £10/€13 includes the island’s entrance fee.
To avoid suprises, it's worth noting that to the southeast of the island is a naturist beach. It’s clearly marked ‘FKK’ which stands for ‘Freikörperkultur’ or ‘free body culture’ so if you’re of a sensitive nature, stick to the ruins and the amazing plants, trees, flowers and peacocks!
Built in the early 1460s at the height of the Turkish threat, the Minceta Tower is a huge round fort dominating the north-western section of the city and became the symbol of 'the unconquerable city of Dubrovnik.'
Built in the early 1460s at the height of the Turkish threat, the Minceta Tower is a huge round fort dominating the north-western section of the city and became the symbol of 'the unconquerable city of Dubrovnik.'
The Minceta Tower is as recognisable an icon of Dubrovnik as the Eiffel Tower is of Paris. Fans of Game of Thrones may recognise the Minceta Tower as being the House of Undying in Qarth, where Daenerys Targaryen searches, ultimately successfully, for her stolen dragons,
It was originally constructed as a four-sided fort in 1319 and its name is taken from that of the landowners of the time, the Menčetić family. Immediately after the fall of Constantinople to the Turkish Ottoman Empire in 1453, the tower was added to by Italian sculptor and architect Michelozzo di Bartolomeo Michelozzi who built a round tower adapted for warfare with 6m thick walls and protected gun ports.
A disagreement ensued between Michelozzi and local government officials which prompted his return to Italy but the tower was completed by Giorgio da Sebenico, otherwise known as Juraj Dalmatinac who added stability to the bottom of the tower as well as its iconic Gothic crown.
The tower was completed in 1464 and even though the 750 steep, winding steps to the top are a challenge for even the fittest cultural tourist, when you get to the top and see the sensational views of the old town of Dubrovnik to one side and out into the Adriatic Sea to the other, you’ll understand that the climb was worth it. You can also visit the museum in the excavated basement.
This dramatic first century AD amphitheatre is a great example of the selection of Roman historic sites in Croatia.
Pula Arena, also known as Pula Amphitheatre, is a dramatic historic Roman amphitheatre in Croatia.
Built in the first century AD, Pula Arena was constructed during the reign of the Emperor Vespasian, who was also responsible for founding the Colosseum.
Able to accommodate approximately 20,000 spectators, Pula Arena would have played host to gladiatorial battles under the Romans and the tournaments of knights in medieval times. Now restored with a capacity of 5,000 people, Pula Arena’s shows are far more docile in nature and are mostly operas and film festivals.
Salona is an impressive Roman site which bears the remains of this once great ancient capital and believed birthplace of Diocletian.
Salona, or Solin, was an administrative hub of Ancient Rome, the capital of Dalmatia and is believed to have been the birthplace of the Emperor Diocletian, under whom it flourished. An important city, Salona is well preserved and well signed. Access is along the top of the defensive wall giving a superb overview of the ruins.
Part of the Salona site can be seen from the main road north out of Split to the airport. Salona retains all the main buildings to be expected of such a site. Apart from the remains of the city wall, there are several basilicas, an amphitheatre, entry gates, the forum, the theatre and baths. Salona has a number of very early churches, including an early baptistery built by Bishop Honorius in the 6th Century.
Despite the walls, the attacks by Avars and Slavs became too much and in the 7th Century the population moved to the safety of the Palace of Diocletian in Split. Outside the entrance is an early cathedral. Its development over the years makes Salona a fascinating puzzle.
The St John Fort in Dubrovnik is one of this city’s impressive medieval defences and on the list of impressive historic places in Croatia.
The St John Fort (Sveti Ivan) in Dubrovnik is one of this city’s impressive medieval defences, with towers dating back to the fourteenth century and its main structure to the sixteenth century.
Today, the St John Fort contains the city’s maritime museum.
St Dominika Street in Dubrovnik’s Old Town, a cobbled street within the Croatian city’s famous medieval walls, is the mythical setting of King’s Landing and is the route the shorn Cersei Lannister walked naked as penance.
St Dominika Street in Dubrovnik’s Old Town is a famous cobbled street within the Croatian city’s impressive medieval walls.
If you are walking through St Dominika Street, it’s worth visiting the Dominican monastery and museum close to the Ploče Gate. Subsumed by the city walls in the 14th century, it’s a Gothic-Renaissance masterpiece and includes paintings, artefacts, jewels and religious iconography depicting the rich history of Dubrovnik, ‘the pearl of the Adriatic’.
The Walls of Dubrovnik – of which St Dominika Street is within – is considered to be one of the great fortification systems of the Middle Ages, partly due to their strategically-perfect waterfront location and also because they were never breached by hostile armies. Famous the world over, the walls were granted UNESCO World Heritage Site status in 1979.
Fans of Game of Thrones may recognise St Dominika Street as the route the shorn Cersei Lannister walked naked as penance for her sins.
Today, St Dominika Street is a narrow, curved and cobbled passageway flanked by very high walls. But you may not put two and two together given the market scenes featured in Game of Thrones that were filmed in St Dominika Street were packed full of bustling market stalls, animals for sale, peasants and traders – King’s Landing style.
The Stari Grad Plain is not just a great example of ancient Greek historic sites in Croatia, but of the typical agricultural practices used at this point in history.
The Stari Grad Plain is a prime example of ancient Greek agricultural practices and organisation dating back to the Greek colony of Pharos.
Inhabited by Ionian Greeks in the 4th century BC, the Stari Grad Plain became an important farming landscape, where mainly grapes and olives were grown. Remarkably, the land has continued to serve these purposes for centuries and still does so today.
In 2008, the Stari Grad Plain was added to UNESCO’s list of World Heritage sites. Amongst the reasons for its inclusion was the excellent state of preservation of its “chora”, geometrical shaped plots each enclosed by stone walls. These agricultural practices - ways of splitting or organising the land - were an important method used by the ancient Greeks to parcel up land in the course of farming.
Other aspects of the Greek town are also visible including the ruins of fortifications and some houses.
It is worth noting that, under the Romans in around the 2nd century BC, the port of Pharia became an important military base.
Stradun is Dubrovnik's most famous thoroughfare, stretching just 300 metres between the East gate – Ploce (Vrata od Ploca) – and the west gate – Pile (Vrata od Pila), and is best known to Game of Thrones fans as the street where Cersei Lannister takes her walk of penance.
Stradun is Dubrovnik’s most famous thoroughfare, stretching just 300 metres between the East gate – Ploče (Vrata od Ploča) – and the west gate – Pile (Vrata od Pila).
‘Placa’ is translated from Greek and Latin ‘platea’ as ‘street’ and ‘Stradun’ is a Venetian sobriquet for ‘big street’ but it’s not about size, it’s about importance. Dividing the east of the city from the west, Stradun is Dubrovnik’s most famous thoroughfare and is made of white marble, flanked on each side by stunning examples of late-Renaissance buildings.
From the 11th century after the narrow marshy channel was earthed over, Stradun has run east to west and is not only book-ended by the East gate – Ploče (Vrata od Ploča) – and the west gate – Pile (Vrata od Pila) but also by the 15th century Large Onofrio’s Fountain at the west end and the Small Onofrio’s Fountain at the eastern end as well as the Dubrovnik Bell Tower (east) and the bell tower at the Franciscan monastery (west).
Most of Dubrovnik’s historically important buildings and monuments are on Stradun and the street we see today owes its appearance to wholesale and uniform rebuilding following the earthquake in 1667. On February 3rd every year (and for the last thousand or so) the procession of the Feast of St Blaise takes place commemorating his spiritual and religious unification of Dubrovnik as well as his salvation of the city from a surprise attack in 971. The festivities are so culturally important as to be recognised by UNESCO as an example of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
Paved in 1468 with limestone, it has been polished as smooth as glass by the millions of feet that have walked its length, including those of Game of Throne's Cersei Lannister who took her naked walk of penance through the streets of King’s Landing.
Trogir is a small island town just to the west of Split renowned for its fortified walls and stunning Romanesque, Renaissance and Baroque architecture. It appears in Game of Thrones as Qarth, 'the greatest city that ever was or will be'.
Seventeen miles west of Split on the Adriatic Coast lay the historic Croatian harbour town of Trogir, renowned for its fortified walls and stunning Romanesque, Renaissance and Baroque architecture.
Trogir was founded by Greeks in the third century BC as Tragurion (‘tragos’ is Greek for ‘male goat’) and boasts 2,300 years of continuous urban tradition in its narrow, maze-like streets.
Over the last two millennia, it has been ruled and populated by the Greeks, Romans, Venetians, the Hapsburg Empire, the French, the Yugoslavs and finally today, the modern-day Croatians.
For such a small island (wedged between the mainland and the larger island of Ciovo), there is a very high concentration of churches, palaces, fortresses and towers and one advantage of successive and eclectic rule is the architecture that each group left behind. You’ll find some stunning examples of grand Romanesque, Renaissance and Baroque buildings, both public and domestic and the town was conferred UNESCO World Heritage Site status in 1997 as it is, in UNESCO’s own words, ‘a remarkable example of urban continuity’.
Three hours and 258km from Dubrovnik, Trogir is a beautifully picturesque harbour town with a beautiful seafront promenade that relies on tourism as one of its primary income sources and as such, there’s a proliferation of hotels and apartments, bars, cafés, restaurants and everything you could need for a few days here.
Trogir is also one of the most famous Game of Thrones filming locations being the site of the mythical city of Qarth, ‘the greatest city that ever was or will be’ situated on the Jade Gates and brimming with wealth and stunning architecture.
Relatively unknown yet the longest complete fortress system in Europe, the Walls of Ston on the Peljesac Peninsula in Croatia are a series of defensive stone walls that protected the city of Ston. They featured as King's Landing's fortifications in Game of Thrones.
The Walls of Ston are the longest complete fortress system in Europe (and second in the world behind the Great Wall of China) and they are known colloquially as ‘The Great Wall of Croatia.
The isolated wall system on the Peljesac Peninsula connects Ston with the neighbouring town of Mali (‘little’) Ston. The walls were built in the 14th and 15th centuries with two distinct purposes in mind – firstly to act as the first line of defence for Ston as well as the strategically vital port city of Dubrovnik 60km south down the Dalmatian coast and secondly, to safeguard the highly lucrative salt pans in the area which are still operational to this day. The salt produced in Ston is said to be the purest in the entire Mediterranean region.
The limestone walls are shaped like an irregular pentagon and today measure a little over five kilometres in length. They were originally built with 40 towers and five fortresses although only 20 of the towers survive today. Within the walls, streets are laid out in a perpendicular design.
After almost 50 years of restoration projects (for authenticity, using the same or similar techniques as the original builders used), the walls reopened in 2009. They attract a growing number of tourists, partly to see some of the best defensive walls and fortresses in Europe and partly for arguably the most stunning views of the Adriatic Sea you’ll find along the Dalmatian coast.
There is very little in terms of amenities on site aside from a number of hillside restaurants serving what are claimed to be some of the best oysters in the world, eaten literally metres from where they are farmed. The town of Ston includes hotels, apartments, shops and cafés as well as great beaches, watersports and opportunities for excursions further afield.
Fans of Game of Thrones may recognise the Walls of Ston as the fortifications protecting King’s Landing.
Zadar Roman Forum dates back as far as the 1st century BC and is an excellent example of its kind.
Zadar Roman Forum was built between the 1st century BC and the 3rd century AD and would have been the centre of everyday life in Roman Zadar. An excellent example of its kind, the Zadar Roman Forum is still home to several monuments as well as being found at in front of the famous St Donatus Church.