Historic Sites in Argentina | Argentina History Tour Ideas

If you’re seeking to discover the historic sites of Argentina then you can explore our interactive map above or navigate further by using the links below.

With historical places including UNESCO listed world heritage sites and iconic national landmarks, the historical sites in Argentina are among the top attractions to see when visiting the country.

Below you will find a range of Historic Sites in Argentina and you can plan some great things to see on your travels by browsing our list. Once you’ve explored the Historic Sites in Argentina you can use our itinerary planner tool to plan out your trip and then print off a free pocket guidebook.

Our database of Argentine historic sites is growing all the time, but we may not cover them all. Remember, if you know of other Historic Sites in Argentina, you can always add them to Trip Historic now by visiting our upload page.
 

Argentina: Site Index

Photo by Liam Q (cc)

Basilica de Nuestra Senora Del Pilar

Basilica de Nuestra Senora Del Pilar is an 18th century church in Buenos Aires.

DID YOU KNOW?

Basilica de Nuestra Senora Del Pilar was constructed in 1732 in a colonial style including a square tower and a dome.

Its interior includes a central nave opening up to two chapels. It sits across from the Recoleta Cemetery.

Photo by Dvortygirl (cc)

Casa Rosada

Casa Rosada is the presidential palace in Buenos Aires from which Eva Peron addressed the people.

DID YOU KNOW?

Casa Rosada is a presidential palace in Argentina’s capital Buenos Aires.

Literally translated as the “Pink Palace” due to its distinctive pink façade, Casa Rosada houses the executive branch of Argentina’s government. The area on which Casa Rosada is located was once by the sea and in the late sixteenth century was the site of the Royal Fort of San Juan Baltasar de Austria built under the orders of Don Juan de Garay.

In fact, the land on which Casa Rosada sits was subject to many changes and it was only in 1857 that President Justo José de Urquiza partially demolished and renovated a fort which stood there, creating a customs house which would become Casa Rosada.

The building was renovated and decorated in the 1860, first by Bartolomé Mitre and then by Domingo Sarmiento, transforming it into a presidential residence.

Probably the most famous aspect of Casa Rosada is its association with Eva Peron or “Evita”, the wife of President Juan Peron who addressed the people from its balcony.

Today, Casa Rosada is open to the public, and has a museum in its lower levels containing numerous artifacts relating to Argentina’s history and its government. Behind Casa Rosada are the little known 18th century catacombs of Fuerte Viejo.

Photo by Cristina V (cc)

Catedral Metropolitana

Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral is an eighteenth century building and the centre of Catholicism in Buenos Aires.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Buenos Aires Catedral Metropolitana (Metropolitan Cathedral) was originally built in the sixteenth century, although it has since undergone several changes and the current building was constructed in 1745.

The long and varied history of the Catedral Metropolitana can be seen through its diverse architecture, ranging from its neoclassical façade designed by French architects Prosper Catelin and Pierre Benoit to its 18th century nave, dome and altars.

As the main church of the Archdiocese of Buenos Aires, Catedral Metropolitana forms the centre of catholic life in the city. Catedral Metropolitana contains the mausoleum of General San Martin, a central figure in Argentina’s struggle for independence from Spain. It also houses the tomb of the unknown soldier of Argentine independence and an eternal flame of remembrance.

Photo by Justin Ornellas (cc)

La Recoleta Cemetery

La Recoleta Cemetery is the resting place of wealthy and prominent Argentineans including Eva Peron.

DID YOU KNOW?

La Recoleta Cemetery (Cementerio de la Recoleta) is a world renowned cemetery in Argentina’s capital, Buenos Aires. Opulent and grand, La Recoleta Cemetery is characterized by a range of ornately decorated mausoleums, many of which are made of marble and adorned with statues. In fact, this over ground burial system is due to the fact that is anything buried underneath La Recoleta Cemetery’s marshy earth is likely to rise back to the surface.

La Recoleta Cemetery sees presidents and wealthy businessmen rub shoulders with poets, writers and boxers. Look out for presidents such as Raul Alfonsin, Arturo Umberto Illia, Hipólito Yrigoyen and Nicolás Avellaneda, one of Napoleon’s grandchildren Isabel Walewski Colonna and the boxer, Luis Ángel Firpo. It’s most famous resident is Eva Perón or “Evita”, who is buried in a black marble mausoleum owned by her family and listed under her maiden name “Maria Eva Duarte”.

Designed by a French engineer called Próspero Catelin, La Recoleta Cemetery more resembles a city than a burial ground, its impressive neo-classical gates opening up to winding tree-lined streets.

Inside La Recoleta Cemetery visitors can see a variety of graves, some better maintained than others, but altogether offering a fascinating tour through Argentinean history. English tours are available Tuesdays and Thursdays at 11am.

Nuestra Senora de Loreto

Nuestra Señora de Loreto was a Jesuit mission, now listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

DID YOU KNOW?

Nuestra Senora de Loreto was an important Argentinean Jesuit mission founded in 1610.

Unlike many of its counterparts which had to move several times due to ongoing attacks from slave traders, Nuestra Senora de Loreto only moved once. This resettlement occurred in 1631, when the mission transferred to its present location near Posadas.

While some vegetation has been cleared from the ruins, which include the church, the site is not as well preserved as nearby San Ignacio Mini.

Plaza de Mayo

Plaza de Mayo is a famous square in Buenos Aires where Eva Peron addressed the nation and where many political institutions can be found.

DID YOU KNOW?

Plaza de Mayo is famous and politically significant square in Argentina’s capital, Buenos Aires. Established in 1580 and once known as Plaza de la Victoria, it was renamed as Plaza de Mayo in the nineteenth century following the May Revolution.

Plaza de Mayo literally means “May Plaza", a reference to the site’s importance during the May Revolution. This revolution was made up of a series of peaceful events mostly in 1810, one of which took place at Plaza de Mayo, following which the Argentineans elected their first local government not allocated by Spain.

Plaza de Mayo also contains the May Pyramid, a statue commemorating the May Revolution and Argentina’s independence from Spain, installed in 1811.

Overall, Plaza de Mayo is an important focal point for political life in Argentina and is where most of its political institutions are housed, including the Casa Rosada from which Eva Peron or “Evita” addressed the people and city hall. The Metropolitan Cathedral of Buenos Aires can also be found here.

San Ignacio Mini

San Ignacio Mini in Argentina is one of the best preserved Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis

DID YOU KNOW?

San Ignacio Mini in Argentina is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Originally founded in approximately 1611, San Ignacio Mini formed part of a series of Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis established by the Society of Jesus or ‘Jesuits’. Many similar Jesuit missions were scattered across Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay.

The San Ignacio Mini mission originated in Guayra, moving many times due to ongoing attacks by Portuguese slave hunters and finally settling in San Ignacio Mini in around 1696. In 1733, the mission had 4,500 inhabitants. However, it continued to come under attack and, in 1767, the Jesuits left San Ignacio Mini, which was destroyed a year later as part of the campaign to suppress the Society of Jesus initiated by Pope Clement XIV.

Despite this, the ruins of San Ignacio Mini are some of the most well-preserved of the Jesuit Missions in South America and a popular tourist destination. They include a magnificent entrance, a church, a cemetery, a school, a large central square and approximately thirty houses of its original residents as well as several other original buildings.