What are the best Historic Sites in Saudi Arabia?
The al-Haram Mosque, also known as the Holy Mosque or Al-Masjid al-Haram, is renowned as the world’s holiest mosque. Located in the sacred city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia, Muslim pilgrims from around the globe travel to the al-Haram Mosque during the last month of the Islamic calendar - Dhu al-Hijja - as the culmination of the Hajj pilgrimage. It is considered the duty of Muslims to undertake this pilgrimage at least once during their lifetime.
The focal point of the al-Haram Mosque – and in fact the site it was built around - is the Ka’ba. Muslims believe that this structure, which predates Islam but has since been rebuilt on numerous occasions, was first built by the prophet Ibrahim and his son Ismail as a place of worship.
It came under the remit of the Prophet Muhammad and his tribe, at which time it was already attracting pilgrims from surrounding areas. It was also at this time that the Black Stone, still housed in the Ka’ba, became a holy Muslim relic.