Historic Sites in France

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France is packed full of fantastic cultural attractions to visit. From the romance of Paris to the sunshine of the south and the picturesque Dordogne, France has a wealth of fantastic historic sites to explore.

From stunning roman ruins and medieval fortresses to World War battlefields and beyond, there’s a staggering array of historic sites in France, deriving from a history filled with everything from bloody conquests to ostentatious royalty and ecclesiastical grandeur.

Among the very best cultural attractions to explore are the Palace of Versailles, Mont Saint-Michel and Nimes Arena. Other popular sites tend to include the Somme battlefields, Notre Dame and of course the Eiffel Tower.

We’ve put together an experts guide to French cultural landmarks and monuments, with our top ten places to visit as well as a full list of Historic Sites in France, which shouldn’t be ignored if you have the time.

What are the best Historic Sites in France?

1. Palace of Versailles

The Palace of Versailles was originally the hunting lodge of France’s King Louis XIII, but was transformed into a magnificent residence by his son and successor, Louis XIV. The ostentatious monarch built the Grand Apartment of the King and Queen which included the magnificent Hall of Mirrors before moving both his court and the government of France to Versailles in 1682. And so it remained until the French Revolution in 1789.

In the 19th Century King Louis-Philippe turned it into the Museum of the History of France. There are numerous places to visit at Versailles and a range of tour options. Audio headsets are available as are guided tours.

2. Nimes Arena

Nimes Arena is amongst the best preserved Roman amphitheatres in the world. Built during the reign of the Emperor Augustus in the first century AD, Nimes Arena is a marvel of Roman engineering. A vast oval with a stunning façade resplendent with archways and ornamentation, Nimes Arena could seat up to 24,000 people in its 34 terraces. 

In the sixth century, under the Visigoths, Nimes Arena began to play a military role. Transformed from a sports arena to a castle fortress or "castrum arena" complete with a moat, the arena was a sort of emergency shelter of the people of the town in the event of attack. In the eighteenth century, this went even further with the establishment of a whole 700-strong village within its walls. It was only in 1786 that Nimes Arena began to be restored to its original grandeur. 

Now fully restored, the arena is a popular tourist attraction and allows people to really experience what it would have been like for Roman spectators. Including an interactive audio guide and some detailed exhibits, the site is now a fitting museum of its past.

3. Somme battlefields

The Circuit of Remembrance is a route touring the Somme battlefields in France. The Battle of the Somme was an infamous First World War battle from July to November 1916, renowned for the controversial tactics employed by British forces and the exceptional number of casualties borne by the Allied forces.

Today a forty mile route, the Circuit of Remembrance, starts from either the town of Albert or that of Peronne, winding through numerous battle sites, memorials and museums. This Somme battlefields tour explores the individual battles as well as going through individual towns occupied by different forces with signs along the way. Those who wish to embark on this route can download audio guides to the route for free from various sources, including from the website of the Historial de la Grande Guerre museum.

Many of the routes of the Somme battlefields are carried out by taxi and the taxi firms in the area have prepared itineraries for different routes. You can also walk the route (guided or not), do it by cart, by plane or by train, the latter route being the same as that used to carry supplies to the soldiers. The trip can take anything from half a day to a full day or more, depending on your level of interest.

4. Notre Dame Cathedral of Paris

Notre Dame is a gothic cathedral in Paris’s fourth arrondissement and a world famous tourist attraction. While still an operating church, visitors are welcome to tour the building and appreciate both its beauty and sheer size. Some of the highlights include its stained glass windows, gothic architecture and many sculptures.

Free tours are conducted throughout the year, and the nearby tower outside the cathedral is also worth a visit. Those feeling particularly fit can climb its 387 steps for magnificent views. Finally, Notre Dame’s Treasury houses some of the relics of the Passion of Christ including the famous Crown of Thorns.

5. The Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower is an icon of modern France . Standing 324 metres tall, it's the tallest building in Paris and the fifth tallest in the world.

Today, the Eiffel Tower is a tourist hotspot and visitors can climb or use the lifts to reach the first or second floors, the latter of which is 115 metres high. The most expansive views can be found on the Eiffel Tower’s third level at 276 metres, which has its own separate lift from the second floor. A backstage tour is available, which details the workings of the Eiffel Tower and its history.

6. Pont du Gard

Pont du Gard is an iconic Ancient Roman bridge and aqueduct built in first century AD and located near Nimes in France. In fact, it was the tallest bridge ever built by the Romans, rising 160 feet.

Nimes had been a major city of Gaul before 45BC, when it was incorporated in the Roman Empire. As the city’s population grew, exceeding 20,000, the need for water surpassed the available supplies of the Nemausus spring. Thus, from 40AD, over 1,000 workers were engaged in building Pont du Gard in order to transfer water from the Gard River (the Eure) to the city. Upon its completion, it would stay in use until the sixth century, when it was finally abandoned.

Since then, Pont du Gard has undergone a series of restoration projects and is now a spectacular place to visit. In 1985 it was listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

Today guided tours of Pont du Gard take visitors right to the very heart of this iconic structure to see the how such an engineering feat was achieved and how the aqueduct operated. Visitors can also walk the full length of the bridge itself and explore this Roman marvel up close. These tours last approximately 1.5 hours.

There is also a Pont du Gard museum on site that explores the engineering techniques used by the Romans to build the bridge as well as the history of the area in which it is built, which actually stretches back to prehistoric times. Other exhibits found within the museum also focus on the history of Nimes and the surrounding area during the Roman era.

7. Carcassonne

Carcassonne, known as “La Cite” is a fortified town in southern France whose important strategic position between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic led to it being inhabited since before the Ancient Roman era.

Carcassonne is believed to have first been a hill fort known as an “oppidum” created in the sixth century BC and which formed a vital link between Europe as a whole and the Iberian Peninsula.

In the first century BC, Carcassonne and the area in which it was located were incorporated into the Roman Empire and, in the third and fourth centuries, the town began taking shape with the construction of a mighty wall. This, now largely ruined, wall is still visible in Carcassonne today.

In the Visigoth era, Carcassonne was a powerful stronghold, leading to a series of construction campaigns. However, it was from the twelfth century onwards that the structure of Carcassonne really took hold, initially with the building of the Count’s Castle or “Chateau Comtal”. The medieval fortifications seen today were built in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.

Throughout its history, Carcassonne has been considered untouchable. Even before its walls were built it was the subject of two failed sieges in the thirteenth century and, during the Hundred Years’ War, an attack was never even attempted.

It was only in the nineteenth century that Carcassonne began to suffer deterioration was it was exploited for materials. The Carcassonne seen today was reconstructed by Violett-le-Duc.

There is much to see at Carcassonne, including its incredible double fortified 3 km walls and 52 towers. There are audio guided tours of the majestic citadel and visitors can explore the cathedral, both built by the then ruling Trencavels.

Since 1997, Carcassonne has been a UNESCO World Heritage site.

8. Les Invalides

Les Invalides was originally built by the order of Louis XIV as a hospital and home for ailing soldiers. This order was given on 24 November 1670, the building designed by architect Liberal Bruant and Les Invalides was completed in 1676. In fact Les Invalides still operates as an institution for war veterans, under the name Institution Nationale des Invalides.

Following its initial construction, several further additions were made to Les Invalids, including a chapel in 1679 and the striking Dome Church or 'Église du Dôme', which incorporates the royal chapel built by Louis XIV and completed in 1706.

One of the most significant dates in the history of Les Invalides was when the body of the Emperor Napoleon I (Napoleon Bonaparte) was brought there on December 15th 1840. His tomb, which was completed in 1861, remains there today and is housed in the Dome Church.

Les Invalides is made up of several buildings and now stands as the largest complex of monuments in Paris, including its comprehensive military museum, Musée de l'Armée.

Les Invalides operates numerous types of tours, including those specifically dealing with historical, cultural or artistic issues. There is even a tour dedicated entirely to Napoleon. The multimedia presentation on the life of Charles de Gaulle is also worth seeing.

9. Sainte Chapelle

Sainte Chapelle or the “Holy Chapel” is a gothic church built by Saint Louis in Ile de la Cité in the centre of Paris.

The construction of Sainte Chapelle began in 1246 under the orders of King Louis IX, and was carried out with the specific purpose of housing the relics of the Passion of Christ, including the Crown of Thorns and a fragment of the true cross. In fact, even by the time Sainte Chapelle was consecrated on 26 April 1248, at a cost of 40,000 livres, this expense paled in comparison to the 135,000 livres which these relics cost when bought from the Byzantine emperor Baldwin II.

The relics are now housed in the Treasury at the Notre Dame Cathedral, but there are still many attractions in Sainte Chapelle. With its two impressive upper and lower chapels and imposing gothic architecture, Sainte Chapelle a top tourist attraction.

Audio tours are available guiding visitors through and explaining the significance of its colourful stained glass windows and statues. In particular, the windows at Sainte Chapelle depict over a thousand images relating to the Old Testament and the Passion of Christ.

10. Pere Lachaise Cemetery

Pere Lachaise Cemetery (Cimetière du Père-Lachaise) was established by Napoleon I in 1804. Originally considered to be too far from the main city, Pere Lachaise Cemetery initially attracted few funerals, but following a marketing campaign and the transfer of the remains of French philosopher Pierre Abélard in 1817, its popularity grew and it soon gained over 33,000 residents.

From singer Edith Piaf, novelist Marcel Proust and impressionist painter Camille Pissarro to playwright Oscar Wilde, an array of famous figures are buried there today. One of the most popular graves at Pere Lachaise Cemetery is that of The Doors’ front man Jim Morrison, probably attracting the largest number of visitors, but all of the graves are fascinating, including those of the regular citizens.

Pere Lachaise Cemetery is also the home of the Mur des Fédérés or ‘Communards Wall’ where 147 of the working class defenders of Belleville or ‘Communards’ were shot on 28 May 1871 as part of the ‘Bloody Week’. This is also surrounded by monuments to concentration camp victims from the Holocaust.

Maps are available to buy at the entrance, but you can also use the directories on the grounds. Overall, Pere Lachaise Cemetery is a peaceful and interesting way to spend an afternoon.

Full list of Historic Sites in France

Beyond the most famous French cultural landmarks and monuments, there’s many similar places to visit, including Pont du Gard, Musee du Louvre and Carcassonne to name but a few. We’re constantly expanding this list of Historic Sites in France and you can view the current selection below.

Abbaye Saint-Victor

Abbaye Saint-Victor is an eleventh century abbey in Marseille with a fascinating crypt.

Abbaye aux Hommes

The Abbaye aux Hommes is an 11th century Romanesque abbey church in Caen, Normandy, known for being William the Conqueror’s gravesite.

Agincourt Battlefield

Agincourt Battlefield was the site of a famous English victory over the French during the Hundred Years’ War.

Aguilar Castle

The Château d'Aguilar is a 12th-century castle, one of the so-called Cathar castles, the design of which witnesses the practical military thinking of the 12th century. It is located in the commune of Tuchan in the Aude département of France.

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Aisne-Marne American Cemetery

The Aisne-Marne American Cemetery is a US World War I cemetery and the site of the Battle of Belleau Wood.

Alencon Castle

The Castle of the Dukes of Alencon is an 14th century Norman fortress located in the French city of Alencon in Normandy.

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Alesia

Alesia was the site where Julius Caesar defeated the Gauls in 52 BC.

Ambrussum

Ambrussum contains the ruins of an Iron Age settlement, a Roman staging post and the remains of the nearby Roman bridge

Amphitheatre of the Three Gauls

The Amphitheatre of the Three Gauls was a first century Roman amphitheatre in Lyon.

Andone Castle

The Andone Castrum is a ruined fortification in Villejoubert, Charente, France and dates from the 11th century. The site was occupied by an Iron Age necropolis, and then by a Gallo-Roman villa which was abandoned in the 4th century.

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Arc de Triomphe

The Arc de Triomphe is an iconic Parisian landmark built in the 19th century to commemorate those who fought for France.

Arch of Germanicus

The Arch of Germanicus is a Roman arch constructed in 19AD to honour Emperor Tiberius, his son Drusus and his adopted son Germanicus.

Arenes de Lutece

Arenes de Lutece was an ancient Roman amphitheatre, the remains of which stand in Paris.

Arles Amphitheatre

Arles Amphitheatre is a brilliantly preserved, UNESCO listed Roman built sports arena still in use today.

Arles Archaeological Museum

The Arles Archaeological Museum houses an extensive collection of prehistoric and Ancient Roman artefacts.

Arles Roman Theatre

Arles Roman Theatre was constructed during the reign of the Emperor Augustus.

Arques Castle

The Château d'Arques is a ruined 14th-century castle in the commune of Arques in the Aude département of France. It is one of the so-called Cathar castles. The castle consists of an enceinte and a high square keep with four turrets. It was built after Albigensian Crusade of the 13th century on lands given to Pierre de Voisins, one of Simon de Montfort's lieutenants.

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Arques-la-Bataille Castle

​The picturesque Arques-la-Bataille Castle is a ruined 12th century fortress built on a rocky promontory overlooking the eponymous city in Normandy, France.

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Arzens Castle

The Château d'Arzens is a castle in the commune of Arzens in the Aude département of France. The castle dates from the 15th and 16th centuries.

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Arènes de Fréjus

Arènes de Fréjus is a 12,000-capacity Roman amphitheatre located in Fréjus, France. The structure was built in the 1st century. In recent times the arena has been used for major rock concerts.

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Autun Cathedral

Autun Cathedral is a medieval church renowned for its decorations by famous French sculptor, Gislebertus.

Avenue des Champs Elysees

The Avenue des Champs Elysees is a famous Parisian route dating back to the seventeenth century.

Barbegal Aqueduct and Mill

The fascinating Roman site at Barbegal contains the ruins of an ancient water-mill and gives crucial insight into Roman use of water-powered engineering.

Basilica of St Denis

The Basilica of St Denis was the site where French monarchs were buried until the French Revolution.

Basilica of St Sernin

The Basilica of St Sernin in Toulouse is a UNESCO-listed medieval church on a famous pilgrimage route.

Basilique Notre-Dame de Fouviere

Basilique Notre-Dame de Fouviere is an iconic nineteenth century basilica in Lyon.

Battle of Normandy Memorial Museum

The Battle of Normandy Memorial Museum traces the events of this famous World War II battle.

Big Red One Assault Museum

The Big Red One Assault Museum looks at the history of the US First Infantry Division in World War II.

Biron Castle

The 12th century Château de Biron is a castle in the valley of Lède in the commune of Biron in the Dordogne département of France. Biron was seized by the Cathars in 1211 and retaken by Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester the following year. The Plantagenets held it at times during the 14th and 15th centuries.

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Bonaguil Castle

Château de Bonaguil is a castle in the French commune of Saint-Front-sur-Lémance. The castle was the last of the fortified castles. It was built in the 13th century, but was entirely restructured at the end of the 15th and beginning of the 16th centuries.

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Bonnetière Castle

The Château de la Bonnetière is a former castle and now a château situated in the commune of La Chaussée in the Vienne département of France. Its origin goes back to the 13th century. Formerly a fortress, the château formed part of the defence system of the Sénéchaussée of Loudunais.

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Bonneval Castle

The Château de Bonneval is a castle in the commune of Coussac-Bonneval in the Haute-Vienne département of France. A fortress has existed here since at least 930, as is shown by a stone bearing that date in the masonry of the entrance tower.

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Bordeaux Amphitheatre

These spectacular ruins are all that remain of what was once a grand amphitheatre; the centre of entertainment in a bustling Roman town.

Bourdeilles Castle

The Château de Bourdeilles is a castle located in the commune of Bourdeilles in the Dordogne département in southwestern France. A castle may have existed at Bourdeilles in the 9th century, but the oldest parts of the current castle date from the early 14th century.

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Bricquebec Castle

​The Château de Bricquebec is a castle in the Manche département of France. Originally built in the 10th or 11th centuries the fortress was completely rebuilt in the 14th century and later altered in the 16th century.

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Caen Castle

The Château de Caen is a Norman built around 1060 by William the Conqueror. Today, the castle serves as a museum that houses the Museum of Fine Arts of Caen, the Museum of Normandy and the Exchequer of Normandy.

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Cahors Roman Amphitheatre

The remains of an oval amphitheatre were revealed when the underground car park was excavated at the Place Gambetta, just west of, and partially beneath, Boulevard Gambetta in the city centre.

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Carrouges Castle

​Carrouges Castle is a 14th century fortress château located in Normandy, France. It is unusual in its combination of an austere fortress with a comfortable residence.

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Castelnaud-la-Chapelle Castle

The Château de Castelnaud is a medieval fortress in the commune of Castelnaud-la-Chapelle, overlooking the Dordogne River in Périgord, southern France. It was erected to face its rival, the Château de Beynac. The oldest documents mentioning it date to the 13th century.

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Castle of Collioure

The Château Royal de Collioure is a massive French royal castle in the town of Collioure, a few kilometers north of the Spanish border in the French département of Pyrénées-Orientales. The first mention is about a fortified site in Collioure under siege in 673, by Wamba, king of the Visigoths who lay siege to the “Castellum Caucolibéri” to subdue a rebellion.

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Chambois Castle

​Chambois Castle is an impressive 12th century Norman fortress located in Normandy, France. While strictly speaking only the castle keep survives it remains an impressive structure.

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Chambonneau Castle

The Château de Chambonneau is a castle in the commune of Gizay in the Vienne département of France that still shows good parts of the original ‘chateau-fort’. The original castle dates from the time of Philippe VI, the beginning of the 14th century. The present château dates between 1335 and 1609.

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Chateau d'Ivry-la-Bataille

Chateau d'Ivry-la-Bataille is a ruinous Norman castle in Normandy, France. It is among the earliest examples of a stone donjon or keep, which would become a common feature of later Norman castles in various parts of Europe. The construction of the castle dates to around 1000 AD.

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Chateau d'Orcher

Chateau d'Orcher is a castle in the commune of Gonfreville-l'Orcher in Normandy France. Built to protect the mouth of the River Seine, it includes an imposing square crenellated tower.

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Chateau de Chambord

Chateau de Chambord is a beautiful French Renaissance palace situated on the Loire river, which is now one of France’s most popular historic homes.

Chateau de Gisors

​Chateau de Gisors is a castle in the town of Gisors in Normandy, France. The castle was a key fortress of the Dukes of Normandy in the 11th and 12th centuries. It was intended to defend the Anglo-Norman Vexin territory from the King of France.

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Chateau de Gratot

​The Château de Gratot is a ruined 14th century medieval castle in the commune of Gratot in Normandy, France.

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Chateau de Laas

Château de Laàs is a seventeenth century stately home in France with a Napoleonic collection.

Chateau de Malmaison

Chateau de Malmaison is a country house near Paris which was once the home of Napoleon Bonaparte.

Chateau de Pirou

One of the oldest Norman castles in existence, the Chateau de Pirou is picturesque, small and yet well-fortified.

Chateau de Regneville

​Chateau de Regnéville is a ruined medieval castle in Normandy, France. The fortress was founded in the 12th century and the major remains date from the 14th century.

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Chateau de Robert le Diable

Chateau de Robert le Diable is a French feudal castle from the time of the Dukes of Normandy. It is situated at Moulineaux, near Rouen, in the département of Seine-Maritime at the side of the A13 autoroute.

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Chateau d’If

Chateau d’If was a sixteenth century island fortress turned notorious prison.

Chateau-Thierry American Monument

The Chateau-Thierry American Monument is a World War I American memorial.

Château d'Agonac

The Château d'Agonac is a former castle, converted into a château, in the commune of Agonac in the Dordogne département of France. The early fort, Castrum Agoniacum, residence of the Bishops of Périgueux, was erected around 980.

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Château d'Agonac

The Château d'Agonac is a former castle, converted into a château, in the commune of Agonac in the Dordogne département of France. The early fort, Castrum Agoniacum, residence of the Bishops of Périgueux, was erected around 980.

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Château d'Airvault

The Château d'Airvault is a medieval castle situated in the French commune of Airvault in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It is considered to be "one of the rare remaining specimens of military architecture of the 11th century".

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Château d'Angles-sur-l'Anglin

The Château d'Angles-sur-l'Anglin is a ruined castle in the commune of Angles-sur-l'Anglin in the Vienne département of France. It dates originally from the 12th century, with significant alterations and additions in the 15th century.

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Château de Barbezieux

The Château de Barbezieux is a castle situated in the commune of Barbezieux-Saint-Hilaire, in the Charente département of France. It dates from 1453, though an earlier castle, of which no trace remains, stood on the site from the early 11th century.

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Château de Beaulon

The Château de Beaulon is a château—castle located in the town of Saint Dizant du Gua, near the southwestern coast in the Charente-Maritime Department of the Poitou-Charentes region, in France. The château was built circa 1480 as a residence for the Bishops of Bordeaux.

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Château de Beauville

​The Château de Beauville is a castle consisting of a late 16th century home which has a wing whose foundations date from the old castle at the end of the 13th century.

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Château de Beynac

The 12th century Château de Beynac is a castle situated in the commune of Beynac-et-Cazenac, in the Dordogne département of France. The castle is one of the best-preserved and best known in the region.

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Château de Bity

The Château de Bity is a château in Sarran, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France. The château was re-built in the 17th century after it burned down in 1579.

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Château de Conches-en-Ouche

​The Castle of Conches-en-Ouche is a ruined fortress in Normandy which was largely demolished in the 16th century. The castle was classified as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture in 1886.

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Château de Courcy

​The Château de Courcy is a ruined castle typical of 12th-13th century military architecture. Very little survives today.

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Château des Milandes

Built by François de Caumont around 1489, the Château des Milandes is a manor house in the commune of Castelnaud-la-Chapelle in the Dordogne département of France.

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Châteauneuf-sur-Epte Castle

​The ruined castle of Châteauneuf-sur-Epte is in the commune of Château-sur-Epte in Normandy, France. Construction started around 1097 by William Rufus, King of England, to reinforce the frontier along the Epte river.

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Cimetière Chinois de Nolette

Cimetière Chinois de Nolette is a French World War One memorial site to the Chinese workers who contributed to the war effort.

Cimiez Roman Ruins

The Cimiez Roman Ruins are remnants of the ancient Roman city of Cemenelum.

Cité de Carcassonne

Founded during the Gallo-Roman period (1st century BC – 5th century AD), the Cité de Carcassonne is a spectacular medieval citadel located in the French city of Carcassonne.

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Cognac Castle

Château de Cognac, also known as Château de Valois and Château François, is a castle in Cognac, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France. Fortifications have existed since Hélie de Villebois, 1st Lord of Cognac built a fort around 950.

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Colombières Castle

The Château de Colombières is a medieval castle built during the 14th century in Colombières, Calvados, Normandy.

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Condat Castle

The Château de Condat is a fortified former commandry of the Knights Hospitaller located in the commune of Condat-sur-Vézère in the Dordogne département of France. The commandry was founded in the 12th century, and restored around 1540.

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Constantine Baths - Arles

The Constantine Baths in Arles are a set of well preserved Roman public baths built in the fourth century.

Creully Castle

​The Château de Creully is an 11th-century castle in Normandy. The castle has been modified throughout its history. The castle's large halls are used today for various events, including weddings, concerts, exhibitions and conferences.

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Crypte Archeologique - Paris

The Crypte Archeologique is a subterranean museum housing the remains of Gallo-Roman Paris.

Curton Castle

Château de Curton is an 11th century castle located inin the commune of Daignac in the department of Gironde . The castle is situated on the edge of the town of Tizac-Curton, which takes its name from the first Seigneurs (lords) of Curton.

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Cénevières Castle

The Château de Cénevières is a castle in the commune of Cénevières in the Lot département of France. The castle dates from the 13th century and has been significantly altered over the years, notably in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries.

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De Javarzay Castle

The Château de Javarzay is a château incorporating remains of an earlier castle in the commune of Chef-Boutonne in the Deux-Sèvres département of France. The early castle comprised an enceinte flanked by twelve towers, of which only two remain.

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Devil’s Island

Devil’s Island penal colony in French Guiana was home, at one time or another, to 80,000 of France’s worst criminals, the vast majority of whom never returned home. Made famous in Henri Charrière’s ‘Papillon’, prisoners endured a living death dubbed the ‘dry guillotine’.

Dieppe Castle

Dieppe Castle is a medieval fortress located in the French town of Dieppe, Normandy. The original castle was founded in 1188 and the site was restored in the 14th century. It was bought by the town in 1903 and today is home to the Dieppe museum.

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Domfront Castle

​Domfront Castle is a ruined medieval fortress in Normandy, France. The ruins include the castle keep, the enceinte, ramparts, towers, casemates and the former Sainte-Catherine et Saint-Symphorien chapels.

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Donjon Lacataye

The Donjon Lacataye is the keep of a 14th-century castle, constructed by order of Gaston Phébus in the commune of Mont-de-Marsan in the Landes département of France. Today, it houses the Musée Despiau-Wlérick.

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Douaumont Ossuary

The Douaumont Ossuary commemorates fallen soldiers from the Battle of Verdun. It holds the bones of 130,000 French and German soldiers.

Du Fou Castle

The Château du Fou is a castle in the commune of Vouneuil-sur-Vienne in the Vienne département of France. It was constructed by Yves du Fou, Sénéchal of Poitou at the end of the 15th century.

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Dunkirk Cemetery and Memorial

The Dunkirk Cemetery and Memorial commemorate the commonwealth troops that fought there in both World Wars.

Dunkirk War Museum

The Dunkirk War Museum or “Memorial du Souvenir” tells the story of the famous World War II allied evacuation of Dunkirk.

Durfort Castle

The Château de Durfort is a ruined (possibly) 11th century castle in the commune of Vignevieille in the Aude département of France.

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Etaples Military Cemetery

The Etaples Military Cemetery is a commonwealth cemetery built on the former site of a WW1 military hospital.

Falaise Castle

Falaise Castle​ is a fortress located in the south of the commune of Falaise in Normandy, France.

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Fecamp Abbey

Fecamp Abbey played a vital role in William the Conqueror's story.

Fecamp Castle

​Fecamp Castle in Normandy is an important medieval fortification which was once home to the powerful dukes of Normandy.

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Foix Castle

The Château de Foix is a castle which dominates the town of Foix in the French département of Ariège. An important tourist site, it is known as a centre of the Cathars.

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Fort Douaumont

Fort Douaumont was one of the strongest, most state of the art forts in France at the time of the First World War. However, in 1916, it was destroyed during the Battle of Verdun and today it lies in ruins.

Fort Saint Jean

Fort Saint Jean was built in the seventeenth century in Marseille and later used as a prison during the French Revolution.

Fort Saint Nicholas

Fort Saint Nicholas was built in the seventeenth century to quell an uprising in Marseille.

Fort Vaux

Fort Vaux was a French fortress occupied by the Germans in the Battle of Verdun.

Gageac Castle

Château de Gageac is an ancient monument from the 12th century. It is a château located near Gageac-et-Rouillac in the Dordogne department in south-west France. Constructed as a fortress in the 12th century, it was besieged in 1377 during the Hundred Years' War by troops loyal to Charles V of France.

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Gaillard Castle

​Gaillard Castle is a ruined medieval castle, located above the commune of Les Andelys in Normandy, France.

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Gaussan Castle

The Château de Gaussan is a castle, much altered in the 19th century, in the commune of Bizanet in the Aude département of France.

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Glanum

Glanum is an extensive archaeological site of a former Roman settlement near Saint-Rémy-de-Provence.

Gold Beach Museum

The Gold Beach Museum tells the story of one of the D-Day Landings.

Grand Roman Theatre of Lyon

The Grand Roman Theatre of Lyon dates back to the late first century BC.

Grotte de Font de Gaume

Grotte de Font de Gaume is a prehistoric cave in Les Eyzies, France.

Grotte des Combarelles

Grotte des Combarelles is a cave in southwest France with prehistoric paintings.

Guilleragues Castle

The early 14th century Château de Guilleragues is a medieval, previously ruined but restored castle in the commune of Saint-Sulpice-de-Guilleragues in the Gironde département of France.

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Hamel Castle

Château du Hamel is a château in the commune of Castets-en-Dorthe in the Gironde département of France. The present building was constructed in the mid-16th century on the remains of a 14th century castle.

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Harcourt Castle

​Harcourt Castle is an impressive medieval fortification in Normandy, France. Likely dating back to the second half of the 12th century, the first stone castle was built by Robert II d'Harcourt - a companion in the crusade of Richard Lionheart.

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Herm Castle

Château de l'Herm is a castle in the départment of Dordogne in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of France. Construction took place between 1500 and 1520 by Jean de Calvimont in the Forêt Barade.

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Historial de la Grande Guerre

Historial de la Grande Guerre is a museum near the site of the Battle of the Somme and focused on the social effects of World War I.

Horreum

The Horreum in Narbonne in France are a series of first century underground tunnels.

Jardin des Vestiges

The Jardin des Vestiges is an archaeological site in Marseilles with ancient Greek and Roman remains.

Jumieges Abbey

A picturesque Norman abbey which was partly destroyed during the French Revolution, Jumièges ranks among the most beautiful ruins in France.

Jumilhac Castle

The Château de Jumilhac is a modified castle in the commune of Jumilhac-le-Grand in the Dordogne département of France. Its construction dates from the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries.

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La Brède Castle

The Château de La Brède is a feudal castle in the commune of La Brède in the département of Gironde, France. The castle was built in the Gothic style starting in 1306, on the site of an earlier castle. It is surrounded by water-filled moats and an English garden, in the centre of a Bordelais vineyard. Despite modifications over the centuries, it has kept its character as a fortress.

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La Conciergerie

La Conciergerie in Paris is a former palace turned prison which now serves as a museum and government building.

La Gane Castle

The Château de la Gane is an historic castle in Saint-Exupéry-les-Roches, Corrèze, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France built in 1286 for Pierre-André de la Ganne.

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La Maison Carrée

The Maison Carrée in Nîmes is a staggeringly well preserved Roman temple, and one of the best-preserved examples of a Roman building anywhere in the world.

La Rochefoucauld Castle

The Château de La Rochefoucauld is an 11th century castle in La Rochefoucauld-en-Angoumois, southwestern France.

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Lagorce Castle

The 14th century Château Lagorce is a former castle, converted into a château, in the commune of Haux in the département of Gironde, France. It acquired its name ‘Lagorce’ or ‘The Great Gorce’, from a type of vegetation which appeared at the beginning of the 16th century.

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Lagrange-Monrepos Castle

The Château de Lagrange-Monrepos was originally a medieval castle in the commune of Nérac in the Lot-et-Garonne département of France.

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Lapidaire Museum

Lapidaire Museum is a museum of Ancient Roman artefacts in Narbonne, France.

Lastours Castle

The Châteaux de Lastours are four so-called Cathar castles in the French commune of Lastours in the département of l'Aude. The four castles are on a rocky spur above the village of Lastours. Cabaret, Surdespine and La Tour Régine stand in line, while Quertinheux is built on a separate pinnacle close by.

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Le Memorial at Caen

Le Memorial at Caen is a history museum dedicated to World War Two and other conflicts.

Le P’tit Train de la Haute Somme

Le P’tit Train de la Haute Somme is a reconstruction of the supply line used by allied forces in France during World War I.

Les Alyscamps - Arles

Les Alyscamps was a Roman necropolis which now houses a collection of crowded medieval sarcophagi.

Lochnagar Crater

The Lochnagar Crater is a large indentation in the earth in France where one of the explosions was set off which signalled the start of the Battle of the Somme.

Longues-sur-Mer Gun Battery

The Longues-sur-Mer Gun Battery was a World War II German defensive battery.

Lorraine American Cemetery

The Lorraine American Cemetery is home to the largest number of US WWII graves in Europe.

Louvemont

Louvemont was once a French village, unoccupied since the Battle of Verdun, World War One.

Lyon Cathedral

Lyon Cathedral was constructed between the twelfth and fifteenth centuries and has a famous astronomical clock.

Lyon Gallo-Roman Museum

The Lyon Gallo-Roman Museum displays exhibits relating to the city’s time under the Roman Empire.

Lyon Roman Baths

The Lyon Roman Baths are the remains of a second or third century public baths complex.

Marseille History Museum

The Marseille History Museum chronicles the city’s history including artefacts from ancient Greek and Roman times.

Marseille Roman Docks Museum

The Roman Docks Museum has a collection of artefacts from Marseille’s thriving ancient port.

Memorial des Camps de la Mort

The Memorial des Camps de la Mort commemorates the suffering of those persecuted by the Nazis in Marseille during World War II.

Mont Saint-Michel

An imposing rocky outcrop in Normandy, Mont Saint-Michel is the site of a stunning Romanesque Abbey, medieval church and historic battlements.

Montaigne Castle

The 14th century Château de Montaigne is a castle mansion situated on the borders of Périgord and Bordelais in the small commune of Saint-Michel-de-Montaigne in the Dordogne département of France.

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Montaillou Castle

The Château de Montaillou is a ruined castle in the French village of Montaillou, in the Ariège département. It was built by the lords of Alion around the end of the 12th century.

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Montaner Castle

Built on the site of a castle built on a motte in the 11th century by the Viscounts of Montaner, the 14th century Château de Montaner is a castle in the commune of Montaner in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département of southern France.

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Montbron Castle

The Château de Montbron, mentioned in a diploma of Charles the Bald in 852 and known locally as the Vieux Château (‘old castle’) is the remains of a castle in the commune of Montbron in the Charente département of France.

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Montbrun Castle

The Château de Montbrun is a castle in the commune of Dournazac in the Haute-Vienne département of France. The castle was built in the 12th and 15th centuries, and was restored in the late 19th.

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Montfort Castle

The 12th century Château de Montfort is a castle in the French commune of Vitrac in the Dordogne département, part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

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Montréal Castle

The 12th century Château de Montréal is a château in the Dordogne department located near the commune of Issac, in southwestern France. It overlooks the valley of the Crempse River.

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Montségur Castle

The Château de Montségur is a former fortress near Montségur, a commune in the Ariège department in southern France. Its ruins are the site of a razed stronghold of the Cathars. The present fortress on the site, though described as one of the ‘Cathar castles,’ is actually of a later period. It has been listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1862.

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Monument aux Girondins

Monument aux Girondins is a fountain in Bordeaux commemorating the Girondists of the French Revolution.

Morlanne Castle

The Château de Morlanne is a powerful 14th century restored castle in the commune of Morlanne in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département of France.

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Musee Airborne

Musee Airborne is a World War Two museum dedicated to the Normandy Landings of 1944.

Musee National de Prehistoire

Musee National de Prehistoire is a national prehistoric museum in southwest France.

Musee de Cluny

Musee de Cluny houses Ancient Roman baths and the national medieval museum in Paris.

Musee de la Reddition

Musee de la Reddition is the site where Germany surrendered in World War II.

Musee du Louvre

Musee du Louvre is a twelfth century fort turned palace and today stands as one of the world’s foremost art museums.

Musee d’Art et d’Histoire du Judaisme

Musee d’Art et d’Histoire du Judaisme explores the history of France’s Jewish community.

Museum of Orange

The Museum of Orange is a museum of mostly Roman, but also prehistoric, artefacts found in the region.

Museum of the Great War

The Museum of the Great War guides visitors through the years of the First World War using a vast archive of objects, that are displayed across multimedia exhibitions.

Musée d’Aquitaine

Musée d’Aquitaine in Bordeaux, France is a museum of the archaeology and history of the region.

Musée d’art et d’archéologie du Périgord

Musée d’art et d’archéologie du Périgord contains pieces dating back as far as 70,000 years ago.

Narbonne Archaeological Museum

The Narbonne Archaeological Museum displays Ancient Roman artefacts including everything from sarcophagi to frescos and furniture.

Nerac Castle

An edifice of the French Renaissance style, the 13th century Château de Nérac is a castle in the Lot-et-Garonne département in southwest France.

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Newfoundland Memorial

The Newfoundland Memorial represents the best surviving trench system from World War One and commemorates the efforts of the 1st Battalion of the Canadian Newfoundland Regiment.

Nice-Cimiez Archaeological Museum

The Nice-Cimiez Archaeological Museum houses artefacts from the ancient Roman city of Cemenelum.

Niort Castle

Niort Castle (Donjon de Niort or Château de Niort) is a medieval castle in the French town of Niort in the département of Deux-Sèvres. It consists of two square towers, linked by a 15th-century building and dominates the Sèvre Niortaise valley.

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Normandy American Cemetery

Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial is a World War Two graveyard with a visitor centre.

Notre-Dame de la Garde - Marseille

Notre-Dame de la Garde is a nineteenth century basilica in Marseille.

Odeon of Lyon

The Odeon of Lyon is a well-restored Ancient Roman theatre and part of a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Oise-Aisne American Cemetery

Oise-Aisne American Cemetery is a World War I cemetery and memorial containing the grave of 6,012 American soldiers who lost their lives in this conflict.

Old Castle of Bayonne

Built on the site of a Roman castrum which housed the garrison and administration of the region named Lapurdum, Château-Vieux, also known as the Old Castle of Bayonne, is a castle in the commune of Bayonne, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département of France.

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Omaha Beach Museum

The Omaha Beach Museum chronicles the events of the largest of the D-Day Landings in Normandy in World War II.

Padern Castle

The Château de Padern is a ruined castle in the commune of Padern in the Aude département of France. It is one of the so-called Cathar castles. The fortification is mentioned for the first time in 1026.

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Palais de Justice

The Palais de Justice is the main courthouse in Paris and which served as the court of the Revolutionary Tribunal.

Palais de Papes

Palais de Papes in Avignon in France was the fourteenth century seat of the papal court.

Palais du Tau

Palais du Tau in Reims was where French monarchs would prepare for and celebrate their coronations.

Pau Castle

The 12th century Château de Pau is a castle in the centre of the city of Pau, the capital of Pyrénées-Atlantiques.

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Pegasus Bridge

Pegasus Bridge in Normandy was captured by British forces at the start of D-Day, the Allied invasion of France.

Place de la Concorde

Place de la Concorde was where King Louis XVI and many others were executed during the French Revolution.

Pointe Du Hoc Memorial

The Pointe Du Hoc Memorial is located on one of the sites of the Normandy Landings of World War Two.

Pont Neuf

Pont Neuf is the oldest bridge in Paris.

Porte de Mars

Porte de Mars is an ornate third century Roman arch in Reims.

Pozieres

Pozieres was the site of a major battle between Allied and German forces in 1916 during the First World War, forming the first part of the Battle of the Somme.

Puilaurens Castle

The 13th century Château de Puilaurens is one of the so-called Cathar castles in the commune of Lapradelle-Puilaurens in the Aude département. The castle is located above the Boulzane Valley and the villages of Lapradelle and Puilaurens. There is a path from Axat to the castle.

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Puivert Castle

The 12th century Château de Puivert is a so-called Cathar castle situated in the commune of Puivert, in the Aude département of France. The castle's functions were military – lookout and defence, unlike many buildings of the era which had religious goals.

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Puymartin Castle

The 13th century Château de Puymartin is a castle in the commune of Marquay, in the Dordogne département of France.

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Ranton Castle

The Château de Ranton is a small fortified castle in the village of Ranton, in the Department of the Vienne. It was one of the front-line of fortresses which were built to defend the royal city of Loundun at the beginning of the Hundred Years' War in 1340-1345.

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Reims Cathedral

Reims Cathedral was the site of France’s royal coronations and is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Remains of the Bastille

The remains of the Bastille prison can be viewed at Square Henri Galli in Paris.

Rocamadour Shrine

The Rocamadour Shrine is a holy complex of 11th to 13th century churches and chapels in southern France.

Roche Courbon Castle

Château de la Roche Courbon is a large 15th century château, developed from an earlier castle, in the Charente-Maritime département of France.

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Rochechouart Castle

Château de Rochechouart is a thirteenth-century French castle, located at the top of the confluence of the Grêne and Vayres rivers in the commune of Rochechouart within the département of Haute-Vienne. The Viscounts of Rochechouart reigned for 800 years in the castle.

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Roman Amphitheatre - Saintes

The Roman Amphitheatre in Saintes was built in around 40AD in the Roman settlement of Mediolanum Santonum.

Roman Pyramid of Vienne

The Roman Pyramid of Vienne is a monument which would once have formed the centrepiece of Vienne’s Roman Circus.

Roman Theatre of Orange

The Roman Theatre of Orange is a stunningly well-preserved first century theatre in France and is UNESCO listed.

Roquefixade Castle

The Château de Roquefixade is a ruined castle built on a cliff overlooking the village of Roquefixade, in the French département of Ariège. There are records of a castle on the site going back to 1180, though the present ruins are more modern.

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Roquetaillade Castle

The 14th century Château de Roquetaillade is a castle in Mazères near Bordeaux, in the French département of Gironde.

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Rouen Castle

​Rouen Castle was a fortified ducal and royal residence in the city of Rouen in Normandy. The original medieval castle was built by Philip II of France from 1204 to 1210 following his capture of the duchy from John, Duke of Normandy and King of England.

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Rouen Cathedral

Rouen Cathedral is the site where Richard the Lion Heart’s heart is buried.

Rouffignac Caves

The Rouffignac Caves house a myriad of Palaeolithic paintings and are part of the UNESCO listed region of the Vézère Valley.

Ruthie Castle

The Château de Ruthie is an 11th century castle in the commune of Aussurucq in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département of France.

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Saint Sauveur-le-Vicomte Castle

Saint Sauveur-le-Vicomte Castle is a partially-ruined 11th century French fortress in Normandy, France. Today, remains consist of a set of fortified walls with towers and a massive stone keep.

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Saint-André Castle

The Fort Saint-André is a medieval fortress in the commune of Villeneuve-lès-Avignon in the Gard département of France. It dates from the first half of the 14th century.

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Saint-Germain-Beaupré Castle

The Château de Saint-Germain-Beaupré is a 16th century castle in the commune of Saint-Germain-Beaupré in the Creuse département of France.

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Saint-Hippolyte Convent

The Saint-Hippolyte Convent was founded by Saint-Fulrade in the 8th century.

Saint-Pierre Abbaye of Moissac

Mossaic Abbey is a UNESCO World Heritage Site renowned as part of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela.

Saint-Remi Abbey

Saint-Remi Abbey in Reims houses the tomb of Saint Remi. UNESCO listed site.

Saint-Sulpice Church

Saint-Sulpice Church is a large eighteenth century church in Paris.

Sainte-Foy Abbey

Sainte-Foy Abbey in Conques was one of the churches along the medieval pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela.

Saissac Castle

Once the residence of the powerful vassal family of Trencavel, the Château de Saissac is a ruined castle, one of the so-called Cathar castles, in the southernmost tip of the commune of Saissac in the Aude département in the north-west of Carcassonne, France. Based on historical texts, it can be dated to at least 960.

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Salignac Castle

The Château de Salignac is the former castle of the Salignac-Fénelon family in the commune of Salignac-Eyvigues in the Dordogne département of France. It dates from the 12th-16th centuries.

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Salses Fort

The Fort de Salses (also called Forteresse de Salses) is a Catalan fortress in the commune of Salses-le-Château, in the French département of Pyrénées-Orientales. Built by the Catalans at the end of the 15th century, the fortress guarded the former frontier between Spain and France.

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Salses Fortress

Salses Fortress is an impressive medieval fortress in Plateau de Rousillon in France.

Sanzay Castle

The Château de Sanzay is a ruined castle located near the village of Sanzay, in the commune of Argenton-les-Vallées in the Deux-Sèvres département of France. The castle was constructed in the 13th century but only parts of it remain.

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Sauveterre Castle

Constructed at the end of the 13th century by Edward I of England on one of the principal routes between Périgord and Agenais, the Château de Sauveterre is a castle in the commune of Sauveterre-la-Lémance in the Lot-et-Garonne département of France.

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Schoenenbourg Maginot Line fort

The Schoenenbourg Maginot Line fort was one of a network of forts built on the France-Germany border following World War One.

St Amand de Coly

St Amand de Coly is a thirteenth century fortified church in France’s Dordogne region.

St Nicolas Mine

The St Nicholas Mine was once the most productive silver and lead mine in the French commune of Steinbach.

St-Trophime Church

St-Trophime Church is a UNESCO listed church in Arles renowned for its Romanesque architecture.

Sword Beach

Sword Beach was one of the five landing beaches of the Normandy D-day Landings during World War II.

Tardes Castle

The Château de Tardes is a converted 13th century castle in the commune of Saint-Macaire in the Gironde département of France.

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Tayac Castle

The Château de Tayac is a 13th century castle with a fascinating history in the commune of Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil in the Dordogne département of France.

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Temple de Mercure

The ruins of a temple built atop a mountain called Puy de Dome outside the Gallic city of Augustonemetum (now Clermont-Ferrand).

Temple of Augustus and Livia

The Temple of Augustus and Livia is a very well preserved Roman temple in Vienne.

Temple of Diana - Nimes

The Temple of Diana is a Roman site in Nimes whose ultimate purpose remains a mystery.

Termes Castle

The Château de Termes is a ruined castle near the village of Termes in the Aude département of France. It is one of the so-called Cathar castles and one of the "sons of Carcassonne" (five castles defending the border with Aragon and later, Spain).

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The Bastille

The Bastille was a prison stormed in 1789, sparking the French Revolution. It was later destroyed and its location is now marked by a monument.

The Bayeux Tapestry Museum

The Bayeux Tapestry Museum holds the famous embroidered account of the Norman Conquest of England in 1066.

The Catacombs of Paris

The Paris Catacombs are underground quarries housing approximately six million human skeletons dating back to the 18th century.

The Chapel of the Souvenir Francais

The Chapel of the Souvenir Francais is a memorial to French soldiers who fought in the Battle of the Somme.

The Cryptoporticus

The Cryptoporticus of Reims is a very well preserved third century AD Roman passageway.

The Franco Australian Museum

The Franco Australian Museum in the Picardie region of France explores the contributions and experiences of Australian troops during World War I.

The Gier Aqueduct

The Gier Aqueduct near Lyon served its Roman counterpart, Lugdunum.

The Joan of Arc Memorial Cross

The Joan of Arc Memorial Cross is a monument to the Catholic saint and military heroine, Joan of Arc.

The Juno Beach Centre

The Juno Beach Centre explores the history of the Canadian forces in World War II.

The Lyon Gallo-Roman Tombs

The Lyon Gallo-Roman Tombs are a trio of reconstructed first century burial chambers.

The Magne Tower

The Magne Tower in Nimes is a well preserved Roman tower built under the Emperor Augustus.

The Merville Gun Battery

The Merville Gun Battery is a former German World War II fortification neutralised by the Allies on D-Day.

The Pantheon - Paris

The Pantheon in Paris is a neo-classical church which was completed in 1789. Its crypt interns many famous French figures.

The Pegasus Bridge Museum

The Pegasus Bridge Museum in Normandy is dedicated to the British 6th Airborne Division, the first Allied troops to land on D-Day.

The Somme 1916 Museum

The Somme 1916 Museum explores the realities of the First World War Battle of the Somme.

Thiepval Memorial

The Thiepval Memorial is a Commonwealth memorial dedicated to over 72,000 servicemen who died in the Somme region during WWI.

Toulon National Maritime Museum

The Toulon National Maritime Museum houses exhibits relating to the city’s naval history.

Tour des Archives

​The Tour des Archives is the keep of a former castle in the commune of Vernon Normandy, France. Its origin dates to 1123, built by King Henry I of England, the son of William the Conqueror.

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Tourelles Castle

Tourelles Castle is a medieval fortress in the town of Vernon in Normandy, France. The castle originated in 1196, when Philip II of France seized Vernon from the forces of Richard the Lionheart and made the town a military base.

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Tours Amphitheatre

The Tours amphitheater is a Roman amphitheatre located in the historic city centre of Tours, France, immediately behind the well known Tours cathedral. It was built in the 1st century when the city was called Caesarodunum.

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Triumphal Arch of Orange

The Triumphal Arch of Orange is a first century Roman arch built during the reign of Augustus.

Tropaeum Alpium

The Tropaeum Alpium, also known as Trophee des Alpes or the Trophy of Augustus, is a Roman monument dedicated to the Emperor Augustus.

Ulster Memorial Tower

The Ulster Memorial Tower in France is a memorial to the men of Ulster who fought and gave their lives during World War I.

Utah Beach Memorial

The Utah Beach Memorial commemorates the Normandy Landings at Utah Beach on D-Day.

Vaillac Castle

The Château de Vaillac is a castle in the former commune of Vaillac, now part of Cœur-de-Causse, in the Lot département of France. The castle was built during the 13th century and was recorded during the Hundred Years' War.

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Verdun Memorial

The Verdun Memorial is a comprehensive museum of the Battle of Verdun and a memorial to fallen soldiers set in the Verdun battlefield.

Verteuil Castle

The Château de Verteuil is a historic castle in Charente, France. It dates back to 1080 and has since been extensively rebuilt, although 12th-century walls remain. The château has always been in the property of the La Rochefoucauld family.

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Vezelay Basilica

Vezelay Basilica is a twelfth century Romanesque church once said to have housed Mary Magdalene’s relics.

Vienne Cathedral

Vienne Cathedral was constructed over a long period, starting in the 11th century and lasting up to the 16th.

Vienne Roman Theatre

Vienne Roman Theatre is a first century theatre said to have once been amongst the largest in Gaul.

Villers‑Bretonneux

In 1918, the Germans took the Somme village of Villers‑Bretonneux only for the 4th and 5th Australian divisions to retake the entire village the very next day. The memorial at Villers‑Bretonneux commemorates the Australians who fought and died in the Great War.

Vimy Ridge Memorial

The Vimy Ridge Memorial commemorates the more than 60,000 Canadians who lost their lives in th First World War.

Vis-En-Artois Cemetery

Vis-En-Artois Cemetery is a First World War burial site in France’s Pas de Calais region.

Wellington Quarry

The Wellington Quarry in Arras is a remarkable network of underground tunnels built during WWI with a fascinating museum commemorating the soldiers who fought in the Battle of Arras.

d'Usson Castle

The Château d'Usson is one of the so-called Cathar castles in what is now southwestern France. It is located in the commune of Rouze, in the Ariège département. The castle dates from the 11th century (perhaps earlier) and during the Cathar period marked the eastern boundary of the territories of the Counts of Foix.

Based on Wikipedia content (CC BY-SA 3.0)

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