Emperor Augustus: Where History Happened

What are the most interesting sites linked to Roman Emperor Augustus?

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If you're wondering 'where was the Emperor Augustus buried?' Or you want to find our more about the places that Augustus spent his life then we can help you follow in the footsteps of this iconic Roman Emperor and visit sites that relate to his life - helping you to plan your perfect Augustus tour. From the incredible House of Augustus in Rome to the battlefield of his most famous victory, there are a number of fascinating historic sites from his life you can still visit today. To begin your journey following in the Augustus' footsteps you can view our editor’s selection of top picks below as well as checking out a host of other locations which you won’t want to miss.

1. The House of Augustus

The House of Augustus on Rome's Palatine Hill was the modest home of Rome’s first emperor, Augustus. Whilst considered to be relatively small, especially when compared to the Imperial Palace built at a later date, the House of Augustus does contain a vivid collection of frescos. The site has been carefully restored and offers a fascinating insight into the life of one of ancient Rome’s most prominent figures.

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2. Mausoleum of Augustus

The Mausoleum of Augustus in Rome is the tomb of Rome’s first emperor. Constructed in approximately 28 BC, when it was created it was intended to be the final resting place of both Augustus and his family. Those buried at the mausoleum included his wife Livia, Germanicus, Marcus Claudius Marcellus, Britannicus, Nero Claudius Drusus, Agrippina the Elder and Tiberius. Today, the site is just a shadow of its former grandeur and is no longer open to the public. However, some of its relics, notably two obelisks which once decorated it, now stand in Piazza del Quirinale and Piazza dell Esquillino.

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3. The Ara Pacis Museum

The Ara Pacis Museum displays the Emperor Augustus’s Altar of Peace, an important symbol of his military successes which resulted in peace in the Mediterranean. The altar itself is surrounded by marble walls adorned with elaborate friezes of various figures, including senate members and members of Augustus’s family. These carved figures take part in a procession celebrating the peace brought about by Augustus.

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4. Philippi Battlefield

Philippi Battlefield in Greece is the location of one of the most important battles in Rome's history, where Mark Antony and Octavian - later to be known as Augustus - defeated the forces of those who had assassinated Julius Caesar. Today the battlefield is believed to be located outside the modern town of Krinides in north-west Greece. The important archaeological site of Philippoi is located here and contains the ruins of the ancient city which thrived here before and after the battle.

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5. Forum of Augustus

The Forum of Augustus was built by the Roman emperor to celebrate avenging Julius Caesar’s assassination following the Battle of Philippi in 42 BC. In this battle, Augustus, together with Mark Anthony, emerged victorious over Cassius and Brutus, the assassins of Caesar. The forum had a grand temple in honour of the deity Mars and the columns and steps of the Temple of Mars can still be seen today. A regal statue of Augustus also remains.

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6. Theatre of Marcellus

The ruins of the Theatre of Marcellus in Rome are among the oldest remains of an ancient Roman theatre to have survived. The site itself was one of the most important theatres in ancient Rome, built by Julius Caesar and Augustus. Built in a grand style, with three distinct columned levels, it is believed the theatre could hold as many as 11,000 people. Throughout the Roman period the theatre survived in its original form, with occasional renovation, such as that provided by the Emperor Vespasian. After the fall of the Empire the theatre fell into decline and was slowly buried and robbed for its masonry. In the 1920s the lower sections were bought by Rome’s city council and restored. Today, while the interior is not open to the public, the lower levels and striking architecture can be observed from the street.

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7. Baia

Baia was once the summer retreat of Rome’s elite and is now an archaeological park. It was Augustus who furnished Baia with its grand thermal baths. Development began in Baia in the second century BC, during the republican era and continued into the imperial age, when the Emperor Augustus connected all the lavish villas in the area with a road. Augustus’s successors continued to expand and develop Baia, transforming it into a expansive mass of villas and leisure facilities. Several pretty ruins remain at Baia, lying sprawled over the hills and near the coast.

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8. Arch of Augustus - Rimini

The Arch of Augustus is a Roman monument constructed in 27 BC for Rome’s first emperor. Thought to have been the gateway to Ancient Rimini which would have formed part of the city walls, the arch is a fairly ornate structure depicting various deities such as Neptune, Apollo and Jupiter.

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9. La Maison Carrée

La Maison Carrée is an extremely well preserved Roman temple in Nîmes built by close friend of Augustus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, it was dedicated to the Augustus’ grandchildren. It managed to survive the turbulent times that followed the fall of the Empire as it was converted to a church and today is one of the best-preserved Roman temples in the world. It has been renovated and restored over the years but remains true to its origins and is certainly not a recreation. Visitors can view this stunning structure in all its glory as well as watching a multimedia presentation inside the building.

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10. Merida Roman Theatre

Merida Amphitheatre was part of Augusta Emerita, an important colony established by Rome's first Emperor. Constructed in approximately 15 BC and able to accommodate almost 6,000 people, the theatre would have been one of many public buildings erected in the area. Now partially reconstructed, the site is extremely well preserved, particularly its lower levels.

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Full list of monuments and landmarks linked to the Emperor Augustus

While it’s fair to say these-famous sites dominate the lists of places linked to Augustus, your search shouldn’t end there. Take Merida Roman Circus for example, it may not be as well known as the Ara Pacis Museum but it remains an intriguing and compelling place to visit. These lesser-known monuments and historic places can in fact be the most intriguing to discover and contain a number of gems for your bucket list.

Merida Amphitheatre

Merida Amphitheatre is an Ancient Roman ruin and a UNESCO World Heritage site established in the Roman colony known as Augusta Emerita.

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Merida Roman Circus

Part of Augusta Emerita, the Merida Roman Circus was an Ancient Roman chariot racing arena which remains well preserved.

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Nimes Arena

Built during the reign of the Emperor Augustus, Nimes Arena is amongst the best preserved Roman amphitheatres in the world.

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Perperikon

Perperikon was an important Thracian sanctuary turned Roman town then medieval fortress. It is said that Gaius Octavius - father of the Emperor Augustus - is believed to have consulted the oracle in 59BC, and was told his son would rule the world.

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Roman Agora of Athens

Funded by Julius Caesar and then by Augustus, the Roman Agora of Athens contains some of the city’s Ancient Roman ruins.

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Temple of Taffeh

The Temple of Taffeh is a 1st century AD Roman temple in Egypt, built by the Emperor Augustus.

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The Magne Tower

The Magne Tower in Nimes is a well preserved Roman tower built under the Emperor Augustus.

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Tiberius Bridge - Rimini

Tiberius Bridge is a first century Roman Bridge in Rimini begun by the Emperor Augustus and completed by Emperor Tiberius.

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Tropaeum Alpium

The Tropaeum Alpium, also known as Trophee des Alpes or the Trophy of Augustus, is a Roman monument dedicated to the Emperor Augustus.

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We’re constantly expanding this list of Emperor Augustus sites and if you do notice any omissions then please feel free to contact us with further information and our editorial team will look to expand this collection further.