Concentration Camps

The Nazi concentration camps of WW2 saw millions of people imprisoned and murdered by Hitler’s immoral regime. The Nazis imprisoned all who they considered to be ‘undesirable’ - Jews, socialists, Romanies, homosexuals, political opponents and others they considered to be ‘defective’.

These concentration camps and their successor extermination camps saw millions of people killed, including six million Jews, two-thirds of those who resided in Europe before the war.

Today, a number of concentration camps have been preserved as a warning from history and to ensure the world does not forget this terrible crime.

A list of some of the prominent concentration camps can be found below and a concentration camps map is above. Click on the title of each concentration camp for further information.

Concentration Camps: Site Index

Photo by tsaiproject (cc)

Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Auschwitz Birkenau was the largest Nazi concentration camp or death camp during WWII and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Auschwitz Birkenau was a concentration camp founded by the Nazis near the town of Oświęcim or “Auschwitz” in Poland and which became the largest and most infamous camp of them all. Opened in 1940 following the Nazi annexation of Poland, Auschwitz was originally intended to be a prison for the large... Read More

Dachau Concentration Camp

Dachau Concentration Camp was a Nazi concentration camp in Germany and one of the first camps to be established. In total, around 41,500 people were murdered at Dachau.

Dachau Concentration Camp (KZ-Gedenkstätte Dachau) was one of the first of many concentration camps set up by the Nazis to imprison and murder certain groups as part of their campaign of genocide. Founded on 22 March 1933, a mere few weeks after Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, Dachau Concentration... Read More

Photo by Philos8 (cc)

KZ Majdanek

A Nazi concentration camp near Lublin, Poland, KZ Majdanek was operational from 1941 to 1944. By the time it was liberated 78,000 people had been killed there.

KZ Majdanek was a Nazi concentration camp established near the city of Lublin in Poland in September 1941. From October 1941, KZ Majdanek began accepting prisoners, most of whom were Polish and other European Jews as well as Soviet prisoners of war. By the end of its period of operation,... Read More

Mauthausen Concentration Camp

Mauthausen Concentration Camp was a notorious Nazi internment camp in Austria. Prisoners were subject to numerous atrocities, including starvation, torture, overcrowding and slave labour and almost 120,000 people were murdered.

Mauthausen Concentration Camp or ’KZ Mauthausen’ was a vast Nazi concentration camp in northern Austria. First established in 1938, Mauthausen Concentration Camp was built through the slave labour of prisoners from another such camp, Dachau. Over time, it grew to encompass a number of sub-camps, such as Gusen Concentration Camp. Prisoners... Read More

Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp

Sachsenhausen was a Nazi concentration camp located outside Berlin. Estimates put the number killed at Sachsenhausen at between 30,000 and 35,000.

Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp (KZ-Sachsenhausen) was used by the Nazis between 1936 and 1945. Its primary function was for the imprisonment and execution - or extermination - of Jews and political dissidents, including many Dutch freedom fighters, Russian prisoners of war and even some political leaders from invaded countries. Its prime location... Read More

Theresienstadt Concentration Camp

Theresienstadt was a concentration camp set up by the Nazis during WW2 where over 30,000 prisoners died and at least 80,000 others were sent to death camps such as Auschwitz.

Theresienstadt Concentration Camp in Terezin in the Czech Republic was a Nazi concentration camp during the Holocaust. Theresienstadt was originally a stronghold known as Terezin Fortress built in the eighteenth century to protect Prague from the possibility of invasion by Prussia. It then became a prison in the 1880’s before being... Read More