Byzantine Sites and Byzantine Ruins

If you’re seeking to discover Byzantine sites and Byzantine ruins and want to find the best places to view Byzantine Empire history then you can use our interactive map above or navigate further by using the links below.

There’s a great range of Byzantine sites and you can plan some fantastic places to see on your travels. Once you’ve explored the list of Byzantine Empire sites and Byzantine ruins you can select those you wish to visit and use our itinerary planner tool to plan your trip and print off a free pocket guidebook. This indispensible holiday guide will help you make the most of your time exploring Byzantine sites.

Our database of Byzantine historic places is growing all the time, but we may not cover them all. Remember, if you know of other Byzantine Empire sites, remains or ruins, you can always add them to Trip Historic now by visiting our upload page.

Byzantine Empire: Site Index


Abila is an ancient town in Jordan and one of the Decapolis, a federation of 10 Greco-Roman cities providing a defence of the eastern front of the Roman Empire.

Photo by archer10 (Dennis) (cc)

Agios Eleftherios

Agios Eleftherios is a very small yet important Byzantine church in Athens known as the little cathedral, one of many religious Byzantine sites.

Photo by Historvius

Bachkovo Monastery

An example of the Byzantine sites in Bulgaria, Bachkovo Monastery is said to be the second largest monastery in the country and one of its oldest.

Photo by cpence (cc)

Benaki Museum

The Benaki Museum houses a vast collection of art and artefacts from Greek history, from Hellenic, Roman and Byzantine Greece to the Ottoman age and right up to the present day.

Photo by Pero Kvrzica (cc)


Butrint is a prehistoric UNESCO World Heritage site in south west Albania which has been occupied by the Greeks, Romans and Byzantines.

Photo by Zooey_ (cc)

Byzantine Museum

With over 25,000 artefacts of national importance dating from the 3rd to 20th centuries AD, the Byzantine Museum is a popular attraction in Athens.

Photo by nonanet (cc)

Carthage National Museum

Carthage National Museum contains a wide selection of artefacts and exhibitions from the Punic, Roman and Byzantine periods of Carthage. It is a good place to begin you exploration of the ruins of this ancient city.

Photo by Christian Stock (cc)

Church of Agios Lazaros

One of the important Byzantine sites in Cyprus, the Church of Agios Lazaros was built in the tenth century AD to house the believed tomb of Saint Lazarus.

Photo by Historvius

Church of Saint George at Madaba

Oldest known geographic floor mosaic in art history located in Saint George church of Madaba, depicting the Holy Land.

Photo by yilmaz ovunc (cc)

Church of Saint Nicholas, Myra

One of the oldest surviving churches in the world, this church and museum looks at the life of Saint Nicholas, aka Santa Claus.

Photo by hoyasmeg (cc)

Church of the Annunciation - Nazareth

The Church of the Annunciation is believed to be the site where Gabriel told Mary she was to conceive the son of G-d. It is amongst the most important Christian Byzantine sites.

Photo by peuplier (cc)

Citadel of Salah Ed-Din

Originally built by the Byzantines, the Citadel of Salah Ed-Dinis was a Crusader castle until its capture by Saladin. One of many UNESCO World Heritage Byzantine sites.

Gemiler Island

A tiny island located just off the Turkish mainland, Gemiler Island is packed with Byzantine remains including a number of ancient churches.

Photo by alex_m_jones (cc)

Goreme Open Air Museum

Located in the picturesque Goreme Valley, Goreme’s open air museum is one of the most accessible ways to explore the region's ancient rock-cut churches.

Photo by David Spender (cc)

Hagia Sophia

One of many important Byzantine sites in Istabul, the Hagia Sophia is a world famous sixth century church turned mosque.

Photo by Turkish Travel (cc)

Hagia Sophia, Trabzon

A thirteenth century church, a fifteenth century mosque and a twentieth century museum, the Trabzon Hagia Sophia has a fascinating history and boasts a wealth of ancient art and frescoes.


Haidra contains the remains of the Roman city of Ammaedara and includes a number of interesting ruins including the large Byzantine fort and underground Roman baths.

Photo by amiinsidemyself (cc)


Histria was occupied by the Greeks, Romans and Byzantines and is thought to be the oldest settlement in Romania.

Photo by Verity Cridland (cc)

Ihlara Valley

The Ihlara Valley is famous for a number of rock-carved ancient churches known for their ornate frescoes depicting biblical events.

Photo by Elisa atene (cc)

Istanbul Mosaic Museum

The Istanbul Mosaic Museum contains the amazing remains of mosaics excavated the Great Palace of Constantinople built during the Byzantine period.

Photo by randyc9999 (cc)


Sitting right in the middle of bustling modern streets, Kapnikarea is a beautiful 11th century Byzantine church in Athens.

Photo by Rev Stan (cc)


Kaunos contains the remains of an ancient Carian city and includes a host of Hellenic, Roman and Byzantine remains – particularly its impressive theatre.

Photo by silverman68 (cc)


The picturesque remains of the ancient city of Knidos are a popular tourist attraction, as much for the beautiful coastal views as for the archaic ruins.

Photo by Historvius


Kourion is an impressive archaeological site in Cyprus containing mostly Ancient Roman and Byzantine ruins.

Photo by Historvius


Melnik is said to be Bulgaria’s smallest town yet has quite a few historic buildings, several from the Byzantine and medieval period.

Museum of Byzantine Culture - Thessaloniki

The Museum of Byzantine Culture in Thessaloniki explores the history and legacy of the Byzantine era.

Photo by erinc salor (cc)


Myra has one of the best-preserved collections of ancient ruins, and is a perfect place to experience an illustrious period of Greek and Roman history being brought back to life.


An ancient city in Georgia, Nokalakevi contains remains from hundreds of years of ancient occupation and is best known for its massive Byzantine walls.

Photo by bitmask (cc)

Ozkonak Underground City

Ozkonak is one of many examples of an underground city in Cappadocia which was carved into the mountains in ancient times. It is smaller but far quieter than many of the other underground cities in the region.


Priene is a quiet, picturesque ancient Greek city in Turkey which boasts some amazing historical remains without the crowds of the nearby sites. It contains several Byzantine ruins.

Photo by Historvius


A picturesque ancient city on Libya’s coast, Sabratha contains some excellent Roman ruins.

Photo by offwhitehouse (cc)


The ruins of Simena are spread along beautiful beaches and submerged under crystal clear waters. Enjoy spectacular views from the crusader castle or explore an authentic Lycian Necropolis.

St Savior in Chora

St Savior in Chora, Turkey is an eleventh century church turned mosque and, more recently, a museum known as Kariye Muzesi.

Photo by samurai_dave (cc)

Sumela Monastery

A 13th century monastery nestled into the cliff-face of the Zigana Mountains, this picturesque Byzantine monastery is located in a scenic, mountainous setting.

Photo by Historvius

The Basilica Cistern

The Basilica Cistern is an underground wonder and one of Istanbul’s best Byzantine sites.

The Shiloach Pool

The Shiloach Pool in Jerusalem is thought to date back to the Byzantine period.

The White Tower of Thessaloniki

The White Tower of Thessaloniki, is a cylindrical stone tower monument and museum in the city of Thessaloniki, capital of the Macedonian region of northern Greece.


The ruins of Timgad are the extremely well-preserved remains of an Ancient Roman military encampment in Algeria. It was once of several ancient Roman and Byzantine sites restored under Emperor Justinian.

Photo by Historvius

Umm Qais

Umm Qais, also spelt Umm Qays, houses the remains of Gadara, one of the Decapolis cities and contains an array of Greek, Roman and Byzantine ruins.

Varna Necropolis

Varna necropolis consists of merely 300 excavated burials from the 5th millennium BC and contains the world greatest amount of manufactured gold for the time.

Photo by By Ramblurr (cc)

Yedikule Zindanlari

Yedikule Zindanlari is an impressive Byzantine and medieval fort in Istanbul. One of several Byzantine sites in the city.

Photo by Benh LIEU SONG (cc)

Zelve Open Air Museum

Spread out over three monastic valleys, Zelve, around 10km from Göreme on the Avanos road is a visually stunning town of homes and churches carved into the rocks and it was continually inhabited from the ninth century until as recently as 1952.