British Empire Sites

If you’re looking to explore British Empire sites and want to find the best places to view British Empire history then you can explore our interactive map above or navigate further by using the links below.

There’s a great selection of British Empire sites and you can plan some fantastic things to see on your trips. Once you’ve explored the list of  British Empire sites and selected those you wish to visit you can use our itinerary planner tool to plan your trip and then print off a free pocket guidebook. This indispensible holiday guide will help you make the most of your time exploring British Empire sites.

Our database of historic places is growing all the time, but we may not cover them all. Remember, if you know of other sites of the British Empire, remains or ruins, you can always add them to Trip Historic now by visiting our upload page.

British Empire: Site Index

Anglo-Boer War Museum

The Anglo-Boer War Museum in Bloemfontein explores the history of the Second Anglo-Boer War a crucial conflict for the British Empire in Southern Africa.


The Anglo-Boer War Museum, also known as the War Museum of the Boer Republics, in Bloemfontein, South Africa is one of the country’s most comprehensive museums about the Second Anglo-Boer War.

The Second Anglo-Boer War was a major conflict between Britain and the Orange Free State republics and Boers of South Africa which raged from 1899 to 1902. It was a clash between British imperialism and the nationalism of the South Africans, in which the British tried to unite the different areas into one unified colonial state.

Bloemfontein was a vital location in the war as it was both the site of the Bloemfontein Conference in 1899, which served to fan the flames of war, and was also captured by the British commander Lord Roberts on 13 March 1900.

The Anglo-Boer War Museum chronicles the events leading up to the war, the course of the war and its aftermath. One of its most moving exhibits is that relating to concentration camps. The Second Anglo-Boer War is notorious for being the first war in which such camps were used, a strategy spearheaded by Lord Herbert Kitchener. The museum is next to the Women's Memorial, which commemorates those who perished in these camps.

The Anglo-Boer War Museum also features as one of our top South African tourist attractions.

Attingal Palace

Attingal Palace is an historic site located near Attingal, Kerala. It is one of the oldest palaces in Kerala and was the site of a rebellion against the British Empire.


Attingal Palace is an historic site located near Attingal in Kerala.

It is one of the oldest palaces in Kerala and played a part in several of the key events of the region. The palace bore witness to many of the milestone proclamations of the ruling dynasty.

In 1721 Attingal Palace was also the location of one of the first ever rebellions against the British.

It is located in a very beautiful and calm location near Attingal. The surrounding area contains several temples, many of which were built by the local rulers. A number of these temples are located close to Attingal Palace.

Bacon’s Castle

Not only is Bacon’s Castle Virginia’s oldest brick house, this 17th century Jacobean creation is also said to be the last of its kind anywhere in North America.


Located in Surry, Virginia, Bacon’s Castle was built in 1665, the home of plantation owner Arthur Allen. Yet the name Bacon’s Castle refers not to its original master but to the anti-colonial uprising known as Bacon's Rebellion which banished Allen’s son and heir from the house in 1676.

Today, Bacon’s Castle is said to not only be Virginia’s oldest known brick house, but the last of example of Jacobean architecture anywhere in North America. Now managed by Preservation Virginia, the building and its gardens are open in parts of the year for tours.

Photo by Library of Congress (cc)

Cliveden House

Cliveden House is an eighteenth century historic home in Philadelphia and the site of a Revolutionary War battle.


Cliveden House is an eighteenth century historic home in Northwest Philadelphia’s Germantown neighbourhood. Built from 1763 to 1767, Cliveden House was intended as the summer home of Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Chew and his family. In fact, it would go on to fulfil this role for seven generations of Chews, the main parts of the house remaining remarkably well-preserved.

One of the most important chapters in the history of Cliveden House took place on 4 October 1777, when it became the site of the Battle of Germantown, a clash in the Revolutionary War. Part of the Philadelphia Campaign, this battle was a victory for British troops under Colonel Thomas Musgrave against American forces under George Washington.

Cliveden House also has significance in terms of African American history. In particular, the Chew family owned plantations which employed slave labour.

Visitors to Cliveden House can learn about different aspects of the Chew family’s history as well as that of the site itself.

Photo by boboroshi (cc)

Colonial National Park

English Colonial America started and ended in the area now known as Colonial National Park.


Colonial National Park encompasses the areas in which the English established their first permanent American colony in 1607 and the battlefield on which they surrendered to George Washington’s army in 1781, thus ending their rule.

Incorporating Historic Jamestowne and Yorktown Battlefield, together with the Cape Henry Memorial commemorating the location of the first British landings in Virginia, Colonial National Park offers a comprehensive insight into English Colonial America with, amongst other things, ranger guided tours and exhibitions.

Photo by HBarrison (cc)

Colonial Williamsburg

Colonial Williamsburg is the recreation of the 18th century capital of Virginia.


Colonial Williamsburg is a historic site in Virginia made up of an entire town restored to its colonial state.

From homes to public buildings and shops, Colonial Williamsburg takes visitors back to the time when Williamsburg was the capital of Virginia – between 1699 and 1780. Later, during the American War of Independence, the capital of Virginia was moved to Richmond.

Some of the buildings are original, whilst others are recreations. Overall, Colonial Williamsburg is an experience of the history of colonial America.

Colonial Williamsburg also has a series of museums and exhibits for adults and for children and is a very popular tourist attraction.

Photo by Tony the Misfit (cc)

Faneuil Hall

Faneuil Hall, known as the Cradle of Liberty, was the scene of protests leading up to the American War of Independence. It is one of many important British Empire sites.


Faneuil Hall in Boston was constructed in 1742 by wealthy merchant, Peter Faneuil and although it burnt down in 1761, was rebuilt the next year. Faneuil intended the brick building to be a centre of commerce, a function which it still fulfils today.

However, it was during the eighteenth century that Faneuil Hall served an important historical role in the build up to the American War of Independence.

Protest against British rule
As Bostonian discontent grew over British laws, protests took place and, in 1764, Faneuil Hall was the scene of the first of these protests, specifically objecting to the Stamp Act and the Sugar Act followed by further demonstrations against British legislation up to 1774.

Several famous Americans gave rousing speeches at Faneuil Hall, including Samuel Adams, whose statue stands at its entrance.

The weather vane
Faneuil Hall’s grasshopper weather vane is also famous in its own right, acting as it did as a test to check whether people were British spies during the American War of Independence. Only Americans were thought to have known its function and suspected spies were questioned about it. If they didn't know its purpose, they were considered spies. It remains a symbol of Boston.

Cradle of Liberty
Faneuil Hall is now known as the “Cradle of Liberty”. It underwent extensive renovations in 1806 and 1989 and today, much of Faneuil Hall is made up of shopping and social venues. However, many original features remain, including the meeting hall.

It is now part of the Boston’s Freedom Trail, which takes visitors through Boston’s history as it relates to the American War of Independence as well as forming part of the Boston National Historical Park.

Guided tours are conducted by the Freedom Trail organisation, but you can also visit independently. Historical talks take place every half an hour.

Photo by Adam_d_ (cc)

Fort Frederica

Fort Frederica was an 18th century British Empire fortification in Georgia, US.


Fort Frederica is a National Monument in the state of Georgia, USA which was originally established by the British General James Oglethorpe in 1736 to fortify a British settlement. It was named for the Prince of Wales, Frederick Louis.

At that time, what is now the state of Georgia – the area between Spanish Florida and British South Carolina – was known as the “Debatable Land” and was contested between the two nations.

Amidst this conflict, Fort Frederica played an important role, including the War of Jenkins’ Ear and the Battle at Bloody Marsh in 1742, which resulted in British victories.

Overall, Fort Frederica was a significant defensive point from which the British confirmed their rule over Georgia.

Today, what is left of Fort Frederica is part of the National Parks network. Visitors can view a film about the site, go on a self-guided tour of the fort and of the Bloody March battlefield and tour the museum.

Photo by James Niland (cc)

Fort Lytton

Fort Lytton is an important historic site. Built in 1881 and used for the defence of Brisbane until the end of the Second World War, it is a pentagonal fortress concealed behind grassy embankments


Fort Lytton is a 19th century fortress which formed the focus of Queensland’s defensive forces and was used to protect Brisbane until the end of World War II. Built in 1881, it was constructed in typical pentagonal shape, hidden within a grassy mound and surrounded by a moat. Fort Lytton was also armed with an extensive arsenal.

Fort Rinella

Built in 1878 by the British, was the most technologically advanced war machine of its day., housing the 100-ton gun created by Sir William G. Armstrong, the world's largest muzzle-loader gun in History. Everyday day a full-animated tour is held in the Fort starting at 2 p.m.


Fort Rinella was an imposing stronghold built in Malta in 1878 by the British. Intended to defend the harbour and British trade routes in the Mediterranean, particularly from the then perceived threat of the Italian navy, Fort Rinella was at the cutting edge of military design, boasting a 100-ton gun able to be fired every six seconds

Today Fort Rinella is managed by the Malta Heritage Trust which offers tours and films at the site. The main tour is at 2:30pm although there are different hourly tours.

Photo by cphoffman42 (cc)


Grand-Pre in Canada was the focal point of the 18th century expulsion of the Acadian people - descendents of French settlers - starting a tragic set of events known by some as The Deportation.


Grand-Pre was the focal point of the 18th century expulsion of the Acadian people, starting a tragic set of events known by some as The Deportation.

Acadians were the descendents of French settlers who had arrived in the region now known as Nova Scotia - which became part of a larger area known as Acadia - in the 17th century. They had a large and prosperous community in Grand-Pre. At the start of the 18th century, the British colonised Acadia and, when war broke out between France and England in 1744, things began to unravel.

On 5 September 1755, all Acadian men and boys were assembled and told that they were to be deported. This would be the beginning of a great upheaval of Acadians from throughout the Minas Basin. In fact, by the end of 1755, around 6,000 Acadians were deported, a process which continued until 1763.

Today, the Grand-Pre National Historic Site commemorates these events and particularly those Acadians deported from Minas Basin. There are several monuments, a church and gardens as well as a visitor centre.

Photo by sarahstierch (cc)

Historic Jamestowne

One of the most interesting British Empire sites, historic Jamestowne was the location of the first successful British colony in America in 1607.


It was in Historic Jamestowne in 1607 that the English established their first successful colony in America. Previous attempts, notably that of Roanoke in 1587, had been made, but the colony the English formed in Historic Jamestowne was the root of what was to eventually become America.

Due to its strategic location, Jamestown was also vitally important during the American Revolution and the American Civil War.

Today, Historic Jamestowne forms part of Colonial National Park, a historic site which encompasses York Town Battlefield, Colonial Parkway and the Cape Henry Memorial. Through guided ranger tours, hikes, exhibits and self-guided tours, visitors can explore the place’s history and that of the country as a whole.

Amongst its many attractions, it is worth seeing the Jamestown Glasshouse, a recreation of the first industrial building of the Virginia Company, the London-based company that founded the colony. This site features as one of our Top 10 US tourist attractions.

Photo by Historvius

Historic St Mary’s City

The historic St Mary's City in Maryland was once a thriving colonial capital before religious dissention saw it slowly decline. Today, a living history recreation and museum tell the story of these early settlers.


The historic St Mary's City in Maryland is the site of the fourth oldest permanent British settlement in Colonial North America and birthplace of religious tolerance in the US.

Founded in 1634 by Leonard Calvert, St. Mary's City quickly became a prosperous tobacco colony and capital of Maryland. It was here in 1649 that the historic Maryland Toleration Act was passed, designed to ensure equality between Trinitarian Christians.

The city remained an important social, economic and political hub until 1689, when it was itself torn apart by sectarian tensions. After the British government stepped in, the capital of Maryland was moved to Annapolis and St Mary's City quickly declined and was all but abandoned.

However, the unique story of this early colonial city has left it with a fascinating legacy. Whereas most early settlements of this size continued to grow, St Mary’s City was largely lost in its original form, leaving an archaeological legacy which has since been discovered and preserved.

Today, St Mary’s City is a National Historic Landmark formed of living history recreations of 17th century life as well as a fascinating museum documenting the history and archaeological finds of the area.

The site features reconstructed colonial buildings as well as a working 17th century tobacco plantation. These hands-on recreations are designed to give a real understanding of what life would have been like for these early pioneers.

Photo by Gordon M Robertson (cc)

Houses of Parliament

The Houses of Parliament are the home of the UK Parliament.


The Houses of Parliament or 'Palace of Westminster' is where both houses of the UK Parliament are located.

Originally part of the great royal palace that had been home to English monarchs for over 500 years, Westminster Palace became the home of parliament in the 16th century after reign of King Henry VIII, when Henry moved the royal family out of the Palace of Westminster following a fire.

The monarch left the Palace of Westminster for the use of Parliament and some government offices. The House of Commons met in the choir stalls of St Stephens Chapel, the Speaker taking the place of the altar, and the government and opposition sitting on opposite sides in the choir stalls. Interestingly, there is still a line in front of the seats, being two sword lengths apart, thus keeping the two sides from killing each other in House...

The great hall of the Houses of Parliament was used for state trials including those of Sir Thomas More, William Wallace and King Charles I.

The original Westminster Palace burned down in 1834, and the building you see today is the result of the subsequent rebuilding by Sir Charles Barry and Augustus Pugin.

The iconic clock tower, housing Big Ben, is probably the most famous part of this building and the complex is a UNESCO World Heritage site. This site also features as one of our Top Ten UK Tourist Attractions.

Photo by techfun (cc)

Independence Hall - Philadelphia

Among the most important British Empire sites, Independence Hall is the place where the The Declaration of Independence (1776) and the Constitution of the United States (1787) were both signed.


Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is one of the most important landmarks in US history, being the site where the nation declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain on 4 July 1776 by signing the Declaration of Independence.

Completed in 1753, Independence Hall served as Philadelphia’s State House and the meeting place of the Second Continental Congress. Independence Hall was also the scene of debates and deliberations as to the Constitution of the United States as well the place where the Constitution was signed on 14 May 1787. Although the original copies of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence are now both housed at the National Archives in Washington, visitors can still see the places where they were each signed.

Independence Hall is now part of Independence National Historical Park, which also encompasses a myriad of important sites such as Congress Hall and Liberty Bell Centre sprawled over 55 acres within the City of Philadelphia.

Visitors can choose from a variety of ranger guided walking tours as well as various indoor and outdoor activities. Across the road is the Liberty Bell Centre, housing the famous Liberty Bell, one of the most significant symbols of the American Civil War and formerly hung in Independence Hall’s tower. Congress Hall is next door to Independence Hall.

This site features as one of our Top 10 Tourist Attractions in the United States.

Photo by lindseywb (cc)

Independence National Historical Park

Independence Hall is the site where the The Declaration of Independence (1776) and the Constitution of the United States (1787) were both signed.


Independence National Historical Park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is home to a plethora of significant national landmarks in the US.

From Independence Hall which was the site where the Declaration of Independence and Constitution were signed and Congress Hall, seat of Congress from 1790 to 1800, to the home of Benjamin Franklin, Independence Park offers visitors in-depth insight into the founding of the United States of America.

Independence National Historical Park is spread over 55 acres within the City of Philadelphia and offers visitors a variety of ranger guided walking tours as well as various indoor and outdoor activities.

Lalbagh Fort

The Lalbagh Fort is an unfinished seventeenth century Mughal fortified palace in Dhaka which was the centre of failed rebellions against the British Empire.


The Lalbagh Fort is a seventeenth century Mughal fortified palace in Dhaka which was never completed. In the mid-nineteenth century, the Lalbagh Fort was the scene of - ultimately unsuccessful - revolts by the local soldiers against the British during the Great Rebellion.

Photo by Dano (cc)

Lower Fort Garry

Lower Fort Garry is a well preserved 19th century fur trading post and the site of the signing of Treaty Number 1 between the First Nation people and the Crown.


Lower Fort Garry is a well preserved 19th century fur trading post and the site of the signing of Treaty Number 1 between the First Nation people and the Crown.

Built by the Hudson’s Bay Company in the 1830s, Lower Fort Garry was intended as a fur trading post to replace the company’s previous headquarters in Winnipeg. It served in this capacity for a short time before undertaking a series of other roles including as a garrisoned British fort at the time of the Oregon Question, also known as the boundary dispute.

On 3 August 1871, Lower Fort Garry took on another important role as the signing place of Treat No. 1, an agreement between the Crown and the Ojibway and Swampy Cree people relating to the area now known as Manitoba.

Today, Lower Fort Garry remains beautifully intact and is said to be Canada‘s largest complex of 19th century buildings of the fur trade. Indeed, Lower Fort Garry still has much of its original architecture, from ramparts and batteries to walls and homes. The site is children friendly, with lots of different activities.

Photo by Vberger (cc)

Majuba Hill

Majuba Hill in South Africa was the site of the final battle of the First Anglo-Boer War.


Majuba Hill in South Africa was the final battlefield of the First Anglo-Boer War. Sometimes known as the Transvaal War, the First Anglo-Boer War was an approximately year-long conflict in which the Boers rejected British annexation of the Transvaal region of South Africa.

Approximately 400 British soldiers, made up of the 58th Regiment and the 92nd Highlanders and led by Major-General Sir George Pomeroy Colley, had occupied Majuba Hill in early 1881. On 27 February 1881 at the Boers defeated the British in battle, effectively ending the war. Colley himself had been killed together with almost half of the force.

Malta Saluting Battery

The Saluting Battery is one of Malta's most vibrant visitor attractions where history is brought to life daily! For almost 500 years, its guns protected the harbour against naval assault and were used for ceremonial purposes.


The Malta Saluting Battery - known locally as just the Saluting Battery - dates back 500 years and is one of the oldest of its kind to still be operated. In addition to providing the vibrant spectacle of the gun firing for visitors, the Malta Saluting Battery is also a great place for views of the harbour which it has historically protected. The gun is fired daily at noon and 4pm.

Photo by Pascal Vuylsteker (cc)

National Museum of Australia

The National Museum of Australia is a museum of the history, culture and heritage of Australia.


The National Museum of Australia is a museum of the history, culture and heritage of Australia. Using a mix of multimedia displays, information, objects and artefacts, the National Museum of Australia explores a variety of events, themes and issues.

One of the main permanent exhibits at the National Museum of Australia relates to the story and heritage of the nation’s indigenous people, looking at 50,000 years of history. It also explores at Australia’s connections with the world as well as settlement in the country from 1788, Federation and social and political development right up to modern day.

Old North Church - Boston

Old North Church played a vital role in igniting the American Revolution and is part of the Freedom Trail.


Old North Church is Boston’s oldest church, having been built in 1723 in the Georgian style. Originally called Christ’s Church, Old North Church was also the tallest building in Boston at the time and thus came to serve an important role in the American Revolution.

In the eighteenth century, the British began confiscating American weapons in fear that increasing tension relating to their rule would lead to revolution. On 18 April 1775, British soldiers planned to travel via the Charles River to surprise suspected arms hoarders and confiscate more weapons. However, discovering the plan, silversmith Paul Revere was tasked with alerting his fellow Bostonians, which he did on his famous Midnight Ride.

Before Revere left however, the caretaker of Old North Church, Robert Newman, agreed to hold lanterns up from the church steeple as a sign just in case Revere was captured before he could deliver the message. Newman held the lanterns for just a brief time, but it was enough for both the Americans and the British to see, prompting an attempt to arrest Newman.

The events of that day served as the catalyst of the American Revolution. Today Old North Church is still an operating Episcopal house of worship as well as a museum where visitors can admire its architecture and see the window from which Newman fled from the British that fateful night. One can also hear the tolling of the oldest bells in America.

Old State House - Boston

The Old State House in Boston played an important role in the American Revolution and was where the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed.


The Old State House in Boston played an important role in the American Revolution and is now one of the sites included in the Freedom Trail, a tourist trail made up of sixteen sites relating to the American Revolution against the British.

The Old State House was originally completed in 1713 and served the multiple functions of being a merchant’s hall and the seat of the colonial government. However, a fire in 1747 meant that it had to be rebuilt to a great extent in 1748 and further restoration and changes were made to the Old State House in 1830.

Before and During the American Revolution
In 1761, in part of what is known as Paxton’s Case, the Old State House was the scene of James Otis Junior’s famous speech against Writs of Assistance, British warrants which conferred wide search powers on their beneficiaries. Otis’s speech failed to extinguish these writs, but did add to the increasing dissatisfaction which eventually led to the American Revolution.

The Old State House was also part of the Boston Massacre of 1770, as attested to by a plaque beneath its balcony which indicates that this was the location where British soldiers fired into a group of Bostonians. This balcony was the scene of happier times on 18 July 1776, when Colonel Thomas Crafts read out the Declaration of Independence to the public for the first time.

Today the Old State House is a museum of Boston’s history managed by the Bostonian Society as well as being part of Boston National Historical Park. Guided tours of the Freedom Trail - of which the State House forms a part - are available, but you can also walk it independently. A visit to the Boston’s Old State House tends to take half an hour to an hour.

Plimoth Plantation

The Plimoth Plantation is a living museum which includes a recreated 1627 English village and a Wampanoag homesite.


The Plimoth Plantation is a living museum which includes a recreated 1627 English village and a Wampanoag homesite.

The English village is the main attraction at the Plimoth Plantation and brings to life the 17th century farming settlement built by the colonists. Buildings have been recreated and the site is populated by actors who behave as its pilgrim inhabitants would have done, doing everything from speaking in the dialect of the time to sheep shearing.

The Plimoth Plantation also puts this English settlement into context. For example, the Plymouth Colony was built amidst the lands of the Wampanoag people and part of the Plimoth Plantation is the Wampanoag Homesite, a place to learn about this native community both in the 1600s and today. For, while the structures and exhibits at the home site recreate the 17th century feel, the people there are not actors but native people.

There is also a nearby recreation of the Mayflower II ship at the Plymouth Waterfront.

Prince of Wales Fort

The Prince of Wales Fort near Churchill, Canada, was an 18th century fortified fur trading base.


The Prince of Wales Fort near Churchill was an 18th century fortified base of the Hudson's Bay Company, a fur trading business, and is now a National Historic Site of Canada.

Part trading post, part stronghold, the Prince of Wales Fort was begun in 1731, at a time of great tension between the English and the French. It would take around 40 years to complete and was surrendered to the French in 1782.

Today, the picturesque ruins of the Prince of Wales Fort include its star-shaped frame with 12-inch thick stone walls and battery including 40 mounted cannons. There’s also a visitor centre with information on the history of the Prince of Wales Fort and exhibits about the site.

Ruapekapeka Pa

One of the most important British Empire sites in New Zealand, Ruapekapeka Pa was the site of one of the last military confrontations between British forces and Maori tribes in the War of the North.


Ruapekapeka Pa was the site of one of the last military confrontations between British forces and Maori tribes in the War of the North, a conflict which erupted over British policies seen as unfavourable to the Maoris.

The local Maoris spent months preparing for the battle at Ruapekapeka Pa. Knowing that the British had far superior firepower, their leader, chief Te Ruki Kawiti, created a formidable defensive area (or "pa") which consisted of a network of trenches and tunnels.

In December 1845, the British arrived at Ruapekapeka Pa. They were faced with a significant challenge from the Maori and, despite the fact that they eventually managed to break through the defences, the Maoris escaped. Eventually, after some time, a peace was forged between the two sides.

Today, visitors can embark on a self-guided walk of the site, where the trenches dug by the Maoris are still visible.

The Freedom Trail

The Freedom Trail is a tour through Boston’s historical sites relating to the American Revolution and is one of the most interesting British Empire sites.


The Freedom Trail takes visitors to Boston through a tour of sixteen sites in the city which were of importance before and during the American Revolution against British rule in the 18th century.

Boston played a central role in igniting the American Revolution, also known as the American War of Independence, and the Freedom Trail contains the sites which tell its story.

The Freedom Trail usually starts in Boston Common, where British troops camped during the 1775 Boston Occupation and goes to sites including the Old State House where the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed, Faneuil Hall where many pre-war protests took place, to the place where the Boston Tea party was started, Old South Meeting House and to the site of the Boston Massacre of 1770.

Also included are Granary Burial Ground, a cemetery housing many famous Americans, Paul Revere House, the home of the famous silversmith who alerted his countrymen that the British were coming and the 19th century USS Constitution ship, the iron fastenings of which were made by Paul Revere.

The Freedom Trail is a 2.5 mile trip which visitors can either follow independently using the red pavement markings around the city or join one of the selections of guided tours, which last around an hour and a half. You can even download an MP3 audio tour from the Freedom Trail site to walk the tour without a guide, which costs $15. Many of these sites also form part of the Boston National Historical Park.

The Liberation War Museum

One of the latter British Empire sites, the Liberation War Museum chronicles the history of the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971.


The Liberation War Museum (Muktijuddho Jadughor) chronicles the history of the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971.

Located in Dhaka, the Liberation War Museum starts in the lead up to this nine-month long conflict, looking at different aspects of the war and its outcome. From photographs and newspaper extracts to personal belongings and even human remains, the Liberation War Museum has a range of artefacts and sources which tell this dramatic story of Bangladeshi independence from Pakistan.

The Lucknow Residency

The Lucknow Residency in Awadh was the site of a famous nineteenth century siege against British Empire forces.


The Lucknow Residency was the home of the British High Commissioner during the British colonial period in Lucknow, the capital of what was then the area of Oud. The British had annexed Oud in 1856, a move which created a great deal of resent amidst locals.

In 1857, there was an uprising against the British, known as the First War of Indian Independence or the Indian Rebellion of 1857. As tensions rose, around 1,500 British residents took shelter in the Lucknow Residency together with the same number of Indian private soldiers to protect them. With them was High Commissioner Henry Lawrence.

On 1 July 1857, the Lucknow Residency came under siege. Despite being severely outnumbered and suffering dire conditions, the besieged managed to hold out for 87 days, transforming the once grand building into a hospital, arsenal and shelter.

However, despite attempts to relieve those trapped inside, the siege ended in defeat for the British and the deaths of over 2,000 people, including Henry Lawrence. Many Indian soldiers who had sided with the British were included in the casualties list.

The British would later recapture Lucknow and those who perished defending it are now buried at the site. The complex of the Lucknow Residency is also preserved in the same state as it was at the end of the siege. Inside, visitors can view exhibitions about its history, including weaponry of the time, photographs, paintings and a representation of what it originally looked like.

The Quebec Citadel

The Quebec Citadel is a 19th century British fortress and the biggest built by the British Empire in North America.


The Quebec Citadel (La Citadelle) is a 19th century British fortress and the biggest built by the British in North America.

Built between 1820 and 1850, the Quebec Citadel is still garrisoned today as the home of the Royal 22e Regiment. The Quebec Citadel also has a museum dedicated to this regiment which offers tours of the site and the site is the location of the home of the Governor General of Canada.

Since 1985, the Quebec Citadel has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site as part of the Historic District of Old Quebec.

The Quebec Fortifications NHCS

The Quebec Fortifications NHCS are the only surviving historic city defences in North America.


The Quebec Fortifications NHCS (National Historic Site of Canada) are the only surviving historic city defences in North America.

The origins of the Quebec Fortifications can be traced back to 1608, when the city was founded by Samuel de Champlain as the capital of New France. However, most of what can be seen today of the Quebec Fortifications was built by the French in the first half of the 18th century.

In 1759, the British took Quebec and went on to expand these fortifications, including building the Quebec Citadel, completed in 1831. Later that century, the Governor General of Canada Lord Dufferin, played an important role in preserving the Quebec Fortifications.

Today, visitors can tour the 4.6km Quebec Fortifications including curtain walls, turrets and gates in a 90 minute route as well as viewing a range of the city’s related historic sites. Amongst the things to see are the Saint-Louis Gate, the Quebec Citadelle NHSC and the Quebec Garrison Club NHSC.

Photo by Mister-E (cc)

Voortrekker Monument

The Voortrekker Monument in Pretoria commemorates South Africa’s Boer pioneers.


The Voortrekker Monument in Pretoria, South Africa commemorates the exodus of the Boers – Voortrekkers meaning pioneers - from the Cape Colony from 1835 and 1854.

Sparked by the British abolition of slavery in all their colonies in 1834, this “Great Trek” resulted in the creation of several republics and laid the foundations for the modern layout of South Africa. The Great Trek also resulted in conflicts between the Boers and the Zulus, particularly the Battle of Blood River, which the Voortrekker Monument also commemorates.

The Voortrekker Monument is comprised of a vast granite structure surrounded by 64 ox-wagons – a symbol of Voortrekker practices - and is flanked by numerous statues of historic figures such as Boer leader Piet Retief. Inside the Voortrekker Monument is its large Hall of Heroes housing a historical frieze depicting the history of the Trek and a museum of Voortrekker history .

 This fascinating site also features as one of our top Tourist Attractions of South Africa

Photo by Sids1 (cc)

Waitangi Treaty Grounds

The Waitangi Treaty Grounds are considered to be the birthplace of the nation of New Zealand. One of the most important British Empire sites in the country.


The Waitangi Treaty Grounds are considered to be the birthplace of the nation of New Zealand.

It was in Treaty House at the Waitangi Treaty Grounds on 6 February 1840 that the founding document of New Zealand was signed. This document was the Treaty of Waitangi and it was between a large number of Maori chiefs and the British.

This treaty was intended to protect Maori property from ever increasing numbers of settlers from Britain and France. Under this document, the Maori were given British citizenship and a guarantee that their land would not be taken from them. In return the British had first refusal on any land which the Maori sold. It should be said though that the actual meaning of the Treaty of Waitangi has always been highly contested.

Visitors to the Waitangi Treaty Grounds can see Treaty House, where the document was first signed, the Maori Meeting House representing all the tribes and the visitor centre with its information boards and exhibits as well as embarking on tours and activities.