Ancient Egyptian Sites | Cities of Ancient Egypt

Explore Ancient Egyptian Sites and Ancient Egyptian Places, Ruins and Remains

If you’re looking to find Ancient Egyptian sites and want to know more about the history of Ancient Egypt then our interactive map and Egyptian sites list will set you on your way. We'll help you discover historical sites from Ancient Egypt as well as ancient egyptian cities and will help you research some amazing places to see on your travels.

In general, Ancient Egyptian sites are some of the most picturesque and dramatic historic places around the globe. The result of a thriving civilisation that stood for thousands of years, the sites of Ancient Egypt remain unparalleled in their sheer grandeur and magnitude. From vast pyramids to mysterious hidden tombs, Ancient Egyptian sites have enthralled the world for centuries.

Today the sites of Ancient Egypt form some of the most visited historical places in the world and stand as a testament to the achievements of this ancient civilisation.

Once you’ve explored the list of Ancient Egyptian sites and selected those you wish to visit you can use our itinerary planner to plan your very own Ancient Egypt tour and then print off a free pocket guidebook. This indispensible holiday guide will help you make the most of your time exploring Egyptian arechaeological sites and Egyptian historical places.

Our database of Egyptian historical sites is growing all the time, but we may not cover them all. Remember, if you know of other Ancient Egypt sites, remains or ruins, you can always add them to Trip Historic now by visiting our upload page. Click the links below to start your exploration of Ancient Egyptian sites:

Ancient Egypt: Site Index

Photo by Son of Groucho (cc)

Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel is home to the two grand temples of the iconic Ramesses II. Today, it is one of the Ancient Egyptian sites that make up the “Nubian Monuments”, as classified by UNESCO.

DID YOU KNOW?

Abu Simbel is an archaeological site in Egypt housing a series of incredible Ancient Egyptian monuments, especially a number of rock temples. The most famous sites at Abu Simbel are the two Temples of Ramesses II. The site was rediscovered in 1813.

Known as Ramesses the Great (sometimes spelt Ramses), Ramesses II is one of the most famous Egyptian pharaohs and formed part of the Nineteenth Dynasty. From 1279 BC, he built the temples at Abu Simbel as a way to immortalise himself, a feat he certainly seems to have achieved with these two vast structures and the large statues of himself which guard it.

The temples were carved directly into the sandstone outcrops located on the west bank of the Nile River, south of Aswan in the land of Nubia. These sacred temples were each dedicated to the gods as well as to Ramesses and his wife, Nefertari. The larger one, known as the Great Temple, honoured Re-Horakhti, Amon Ra and Ptah and the smaller, Hathor.

One of the most startling sights at Abu Simbel is the main hall of the Great Temple. This was also cut into the sandstone and along the hand hewn length are two rows of Osirid statues of Ramses, each one 30 feet high. Those on the north side wear the white crown of Upper Egypt, while those on the south side wear the double crown of Lower Egypt. This hall is precisely cut so that the early morning sun rays on 22nd of February and 22nd of October shine down the entire length to light up the back wall where the statues of four gods are seated.

Incredibly, the temples at Abu Simbel were once located elsewhere, but were moved – with the help of UNESCO – to their current location in order to protect them from flooding. The place they once stood is now under water.

Today, the Abu Simbel temples form part of a UNESCO World Heritage site known as the “Nubian Monuments”. This site also features as one of our Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Egypt.

Photo by a rancid amoeba (cc)

Abusir Pyramids

Not far from Cairo are the remains of fourteen Egyptian pyramids built by the pharaohs of the Fifth Dynasty at the site of Abusir. Whilst not one of the best preserved of the Ancient Egypt sites, they offer a quieter pyramid viewing experience than others.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Abusir Pyramids, near Cairo in Egypt are fourteen Ancient Egyptian pyramids. These were built by the pharaohs of the Fifth Dynasty, including those of Sahure, Neferirkare and Nyuserre Ini and, like Saqqara’s pyramids, formed part of the ancient city of Memphis.

One or two of the Abusir Pyramids are relatively well preserved, notably that of Nyuserre Ini. However, overall Abusir’s pyramids are not as impressive, nor as large, as those in Giza, Saqqara and Dahshur. This is in part due to the inferior quality of the construction and stones used. Having said this, Abusir is a much quieter and less tourist-targeted site, which can be an advantage.

Photo by Argenberg (cc)

Abydos

Abydos is an important Ancient Egyptian site which contains a wealth of tombs, temples and other archaeological remains including the famous Temple of Seti I.

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Abydos is an important Ancient Egyptian site located about 50 miles north-west of Luxor which contains a wealth of tombs, temples and other archaeological remains.

Covering a vast area, Abydos has offered up many historical sites and much of the area still remains uncovered. It is perhaps best known for the well preserved remains of the Temple of Seti I (also known as the Great Temple of Abydos), which was built by Seti and his son Ramesses II in the late 13th century BC. This is the principle tourist attraction of the Abydos site, and in fact much of Abydos is not open to the travelling public.

The settlement itself has a rich history dating back as far as 4000BC and pre-dynastic Egypt. During the Middle Kingdom (circa 2000BC – 1600BC) Abydos became an important religious centre revolving around the worship of Osiris. This led to Abydos becoming one of the most important cities in the region and it became the burial site of many of the ruling elite.

Abydos continued to be an important city and site of pilgrimage right up to the late Roman period and ruins have been found from throughout the long history of the site.

Other notable historic sites at Abydos include the Osireion, the symbolic tomb of Osiris, the necropolis of Umm el-Qa'ab and the Temple of Ramesses II.

Many visitors will visit Abydos - along with Dendera - either by train or organised tour from Luxor. This site also features as one of our top ten tourist attractions of Egypt.

Photo by Dysanovic (cc)

British Museum

The British Museum in London is a world-famous museum of history and culture and has an extensive Egyptian collection..

DID YOU KNOW?

The British Museum is one of the world’s foremost museums of history and anthropology. Based in London, the British Museum has some of the largest and most revered collections from around the globe ranging from Babylonian stonework and Samurai armour to pottery and glass from the Roman Empire.

The British Museum has several permanent collections, including its world-famous Egyptian collection which includes a large number of Egyptian mummies as well as temporary exhibits. One of the British Museum's most famous residents is the second century BC Rosetta Stone.

The British Museum divides its collections by themes and cultures, each of which is displayed in numbered rooms. One of its most popular exhibits is its collection of Parthenon Sculptures from Ancient Greece, which can be found in room 18. With such a wide collection, it’s difficult to summarise the work of the British Museum or to explore its myriad of galleries. However, the museum does offer a variety of itineraries, including a one hour tour which showcases, amongst other things, the Parthenon Sculptures, the Egyptian mummies, the Rosetta Stone and Assyrian lion hunt reliefs from 668 BC as well as several other famous objects like the Lewis Chess Set and 12th – 14th century Nigerian artwork.

Three hour and children’s’ itineraries are also available on the British Museum’s website and at the museum itself. Alternatively, free audio guides are available or visitors can book a highlights tour in advance for a fee, which take place at 10.30 am, 1.00pm and 3.00pm daily. You can book this online or by calling the museum. This site also features as one of our Top Ten Tourist Attractions in the UK.

Photo by leoncillo sabino (cc)

Cairo Museum of Egyptian Antiquities

This most famous museum contains some of the world’s most impressive Ancient Egyptian artefacts, not to mention its most comprehensive.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Cairo Museum of Egyptian Antiquities contains the most comprehensive and important collection of Ancient Egyptian artefacts in the world. Indeed, it is said to have over 100,000 pieces in all.

From smaller objects such as coins and piece of papyrus to statues of pharaohs and the magnificence of the Royal Mummies room with its eleven mummies (although entry is subject to an additional entry fee), the Cairo Museum of Egyptian Antiquities is the place to see some of the most significant finds from this period.

Perhaps the most famous part of the Cairo Museum of Egyptian Antiquities is its Tutankhamen collection, which includes the iconic funereal mask of the boy king as well as several other objects related to this pharaoh.

The Cairo Museum of Egyptian Antiquities also contains ancient Greek and Roman pieces and, with such an array of things to see, it’s a good idea to plan your route before making your way around. Otherwise, it can be rather overwhelming. This impressive site features as one of our Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Egypt.

Photo by davehighbury (cc)

Dahshur

A small hidden gem amongst Ancient Egyptian sites, Dahshur is much quieter than Giza but still offers some great things to see, notably the Red Pyramid and the Bent Pyramid.

DID YOU KNOW?

Dahshur was once home to eleven Ancient Egyptian pyramids, of which few have survived. However, for those wishing to view the Egypt’s pyramids in peace and quiet, Dahshur is the place to go.

Unlike the more popular Giza and Saqqara, Dahshur has not become a tourist hotspot, despite its ancient attractions, including the Red Pyramid and the Bent Pyramid.

Built by the pharaoh Sneferu (reign circa 2613 BC-2589 BC), founder of the Fourth Dynasty and father of Khufu, the Red Pyramid is one of Dahshur's most famous residents and the second oldest pyramid ever built. In fact, it is thought that this was where Sneferu himself was buried.

Dahshur is also the place to find the ‘Bent Pyramid’, so called due to its unusual change of angle. Also built by Sneferu, the Bent Pyramid is atypical as it has two entrances.

Visitors to Dahshur can tour the Red Pyramid and the more recently opened Bent Pyramid as well.

Unsurprisingly, the Black Pyramid, also at Dahshur cannot be toured. In fact, this pyramid, built for the pharaoh Amenemhat III (reign circa 1831 BC-1786 BC) and originally 266 feet high, has deteriorated badly due to the unstable ground on which it sits and the mud brick used in its construction.

Photo by Argenberg (cc)

Dendera

Dendera, near Luxor, contains the stunning Temple of Hathor and is a real gem amongst Ancient Egyptian ruins. Day-trips to the site run from many Luxor hotels.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Dendera complex lies approximately 50 miles north of Luxor and contains some of the best preserved and most accessible ancient Egyptian ruins to be found in Egypt, including temples, tombs and even a Christian chapel.

The most prominent site in the Dendera complex is the Ptolemaic-era Temple of Hathor. Dating back to the first century BC, Dendera’s Temple of Hathor was continually developed throughout the Ptolemaic and Roman eras and contains references to both Egyptian rulers and Roman Emperors – including Nero, Domitian & Trajan.

However, although the Temple of Hathor is a relatively late construction by Ancient Egyptian standards, the Dendera complex as a whole dates back much further and the current temple was built upon the remains of older strutures.

As well as the Temple of Hathor, other notable areas at Dendera include both Egyptian- and Roman-era birth houses, a chapel dedicated to the Egyptian deity Isis, the gateways of Domitian and Trajan and a late-Roman Empire period Christian basilica.

Many tourists will visit Dendera on a day trip from Luxor and, given that a number of tour companies offer this option from many Luxor hotels, this can be the most practical way to explore the Dendera complex and Temple of Hathor. This site also features as one of our Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Egypt.

Photo by xiquinhosilva (cc)

Giza

Of all the Ancient Egypt sites, Giza’s pyramids are definitely the most renowned and include the world’s largest pyramid. This World Heritage site is also home to the Sphinx.

DID YOU KNOW?

Giza or ‘Al Giza’ is a tourist hotspot and the site of some of Ancient Egypt’s most famous landmarks, including the largest pyramid on Earth.

Giza is home to the pyramids of kings Khufu, Khafra and Menkaure. The largest pyramid in Giza, and in the world, belongs to the second king of the Fourth Dynasty, Khufu or “Cheop”.

Khufu’s pyramid is Giza’s oldest and, at its great size of 145 metres, became known as “The Great Pyramid”. In fact, Khufu’s pyramid was once the tallest structure in the world as well as being one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

The second largest pyramid in Giza belongs to Khufu’s son and fourth king of the Fourth Dynasty, Khafra (or Khephren). In fact, the elevation on which Khafra’s pyramid is built is deceptive, making it appear larger that his father’s.

The smallest of these three kings’ pyramids belongs to the sixth king of the Fourth Dynasty, Menkaure and is one tenth the size of Khafre’s.

A UNESCO World Heritage site, Giza is also where one finds the Great Sphinx. Estimated to date back to 2528–2520 BC, some Egyptologists believe that this majestic half man, half lion is modeled on Khafra.

Several other tombs and Queens’ pyramids pepper Giza’s landscape, some of which are open to the public, most notably, the tomb of Seshem-nefer IV. This site also features as one of our Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Egypt.

Photo by pyramidtextsonline (cc)

Hawara Pyramid

This now much eroded 19th century BC pyramid was once known as the “Labyrinth” for its intricate security measures.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Hawara Pyramid was erected by the Twelfth Dynasty pharaoh, Amenemhat III, ruler of Ancient Egypt from around 1860 BC to 1814 BC and who also built the Black Pyramid at Dahshur.

Once a formidable structure which was known as the “Labyrinth” for its elaborate security measures, the Hawara Pyramid was not built of stone, but rather mud-brick.

Today, having been robbed and eroded by time, the Hawara Pyramid is a shadow of its former grandeur and is no longer flanked by Amenemhat III’s burial temple, but is still clearly visible. The pyramid tomb of his daughter, Neferuptah, is also found nearby, 2 km south of her father’s Hawara Pyramid.

Photo by Tanya.K. (cc)

Karnak Temple

A sprawling complex with a wealth of Ancient Egyptian ruins, ancient temples and sanctuaries, the UNESCO-listed Karnak Temple is amongst the most remarkable of Ancient Egypt sites. One of its main highlights is the Temple of Amun-Ra.

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The Karnak Temple, or rather the complex of temples of Karnak, in Luxor, Egypt is one of the most impressive of Ancient Egyptian sites and once formed part of the city of Thebes.

Sprawling over two square kilometres, the site known as the Karnak Temple was built and expanded by a succession of pharaohs, from those of the Middle Kingdom (1965-1920 BC) to the Ptolemaic dynasty (305 BC to 30 BC). The result is an incredible maze of temples, sanctuaries, sphinxes, columns and pylons amidst other ancient buildings.

One of the most important and impressive sites at the Karnak Temple complex is the Temple of Amun-Ra, with its world famous Great Hypostyle Hall. Debate still continues as to whether this looming structure with its 69 foot columns was created by Amenhotep III or Seti I, although it was completed by Ramses II.

Vast and full of fascinating sites, Karnak Temple is one of Egypt’s most visited sites. Most people take a couple of hours at the Karnak Temple, but this is only really enough to scratch the surface of this ancient complex.

Together with the Luxor Temple and the Valley of the Kings, the Karnak Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage site. This site also features as one of our Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Egypt.

Photo by S J Pinkney (cc)

Kom Ombo Temple

The Kom Ombo Temple is a sacred Ptolemaic temple co-dedicated to the crocodile deity Sobek and to the falcon-headed Haroeris.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Kom Ombo Temple is a sacred Ptolemaic temple co-dedicated to the crocodile deity Sobek and to the falcon-headed Haroeris. This dual-dedication is quite atypical and is - equally unusually - reflected in the symmetrical design of the Kom Ombo Temple.

Built under Ptolemy VI of the Ptolemaic Dynasty in the second century BC, the Kom Ombo Temple was added to under the Romans.

Despite being damaged by earthquakes and other things over the centuries, the Kom Ombo Temple is still impressive and has much to see including a range of religious carvings as well as those depicting day-to-day scenes, a sacred well and many a mummified crocodile.

Photo by astique (cc)

Luxor Temple

Now a vast open air museum, the Luxor Temple was once part of Ancient Egypt’s city of Thebes. Built in the 14th century BC, this sacred site is still brimming with ancient treasures. An obelisk from the Luxor Temple can be found in Paris’s Place de la Concorde.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Luxor Temple in the city of Luxor, Egypt was once a sacred temple built in honour of the deity Amun.

Constructed in the 14th century BC by Amenhotep III, the ninth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty, the Luxor Temple was part of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes.

Today, together with the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings, Luxor Temple forms part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of “Thebes and its Necropolis”. It is incredibly well-preserved and, with its statues of Ramesses II, it is clear that several pharaohs and other leaders added to it at later stages, including Tutankhamun and later even Alexander the Great.

From its Avenue of the Sphinxes to its looming archways and giant statues, the enormous Luxor Temple is a breathtaking site, indeed it ranks among our top ten tourist attractions to visit in Egypt.

Medinet Madi Temple

Medinet Madi Temple is a 12th Dynasty Egyptian temple to the fierce crocodile deity, Sobek.

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Medinet Madi Temple is an ancient Egyptian temple to the fierce crocodile deity, Sobek and his wife, Renenutet. At its peak, this temple would have been a place for breeding and nurturing sacred crocodiles in preparation for them to be mummified for sale to pilgrims.

Said by some to be the sole existing temple in Egypt from the times of the Middle Kingdom, Medinet Madi was the work of Amenemhat III and Amenemhat IV, both 12th Dynasty pharaohs from the mid to late 19th century BC. It would later be added to in the 4th century BC during the Ptolemaic period.

Today, the Medinet Madi Temple is open to the public. Visitors can see its rows of sphinxes and lions and crocodile pools as well as depictions of Sobek with his head of a crocodile and man’s body.

Photo by Historvius

Musee du Louvre

Musee du Louvre is a one of the world’s foremost art museums and contains many ancient egyptian artefacts.

DID YOU KNOW?

Musee du Louvre, also known as, the Grand Louvre or just The Louvre, is one of the world’s foremost art museums, exhibiting over 35,000 works from around the globe and throughout history.

The Louvre’s eight departments cover an extensive array of historical periods and artistic genres, each represented through the museum’s permanent and temporary exhibits. Amongst these exhibits, The Louvre holds Near Eastern and Egyptian antiquities, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman antiquities, Islamic art, sculptures and paintings as well as decorative arts, prints and drawings.

Some of the most famous pieces held by The Louvre include the Jewels of Rameses II and Leonardo da Vinci’s Mona Lisa.

Set over 60,000 square meters, Musee du Louvre can be fairly daunting, but guided tours and audio tours are available in English and French lasting ninety minutes. Tours can be historically themed.

The building in which Musee du Louvre is housed has a fascinating history of its own, having started life as a fortress built by Philippe Auguste to protect Paris from the Anglo-Normans. It later became a royal palace of Louis XIV. The Louvre opened as a museum in 1793. The history and archaeology of The Louvre is explored on the lower ground floor of the museum in room 3.

Photo by Maurizio Zanetti (cc)

Museo Egizio di Torino

Turin’s Egyptian Museum is considered to contain one of the best collections of Ancient Egyptian artefacts in the world including three copies of the ancient Book of the Dead and a sculpture of Ramesses II.

DID YOU KNOW?

Museo Egizio di Torino (Egyptian Museum of Turin) is a museum solely dedicated to Ancient Egypt. In fact, the only other museum with this single speciality is the Cairo Museum and Museo Egizio’s collection is considered one of the world’s finest.

From pre-dynastic artefacts to mummies and ancient tombs such as those of Kha and Merit (dated 1428-1351 BC) to three copies of the ancient Book of the Dead, Museo Egizio has an impressive and comprehensive collection of pieces from throughout the Ancient Egyptian period.

Some of the highlights of Museo Egizio include a granite sculpture of Nineteenth Dynasty Pharaoh Ramesses II (13th century BC), the reconstructions of various temples and even the day-to-day objects, such as toiletry boxes.

Photo by virtusincertus (cc)

Naples National Archeological Museum

The Naples National Archaeological Museum holds comprehensive collections from the Greek, Roman and Egyptian eras.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Naples National Archaeological Museum (Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli) holds a comprehensive collection of Ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman artifacts, including most of the pieces found in Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae.

Some of the most famous exhibits at the Naples National Archaeological Museum include mosaics from the Roman towns and cities destroyed by Vesuvius in 79 AD, Greek sculptures by artists such as Calamis and Nesiotes and the third largest collection of Egyptian artifacts in the world. Also popular is the Secret Cabinet, an exhibit of erotic Roman art and The Placentarius sculpture.

Look out for the mosaics of the House of the Faun, which include depictions of Alexander the Great battling Darius III.

The building which houses the Naples National Archaeological Museum was constructed in the 16th century and was used in the 1750’s by King Charles III of Spain as a cavalry barracks.

Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek

Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek is a world-class museum of art containing a myriad of ancient works in Copenhagen including a collection of Ancient Egyptian art.

DID YOU KNOW?

Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek in Copenhagen in Denmark is a museum of art with a world-class collection of over 10,000 works from the ancient world.

The Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek was founded in 1888 by the brewer Carl Jacobsen - the man who made Carlsberg beer known worldwide. A new wing was added in 1996, and all of the galleries were thoroughly modernised in 2004-6.

6000 years of Mediterranean art and history

The Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek collection of antiquities has a wide selection of art and artefacts, allowing the visitor to enjoy delightful, thought-provoking strolls through 6000 years of art and history, including the Ancient Near East, Ancient Greece and Egypt, Greek and Etruscan Italy and, finally, Rome.

Explore ‘The Ancient Mediterranean’
Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek includes newly restored galleries with works of art ranging from the early high cultures of the Middle East to the fall of the Roman Empire. Of particular note is the collection of Roman artefacts, including a host of ancient marble sculptures and statues gathered from sites across the Roman world and covering everything from 600BC to 500AD. Included within this collection are finds from important Roman villas as well as the rich Palmyrene selection from the Roman city of Palmyra – it is one of the largest such collections outside Syria and includes remarkable funerary busts and grave stones. Don’t miss the bust of Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus – a marble version of a bronze statue from Pompey’s own lifetime.

Impressionists and the art of Paul Gauguin
Visiting one of Denmark’s most beautiful museums you can also appreciate an important assembly of paintings by the French Impressionists, with a large gallery containing works by Monet, Sisley, Degas, van Gogh, Cézanne and many others. The Glyptotek has one of four existing complete sets of Degas’ bronze sculptures, and 45 works of art by Paul Gauguin, one of the world’s most important collections by this artist.

Visiting
The Glyptotek offers free guided tours throughout the year, however guided tours in English are generally conducted from June to September at 2pm on Wednesdays. Danish speaking tours are conducted all year round on Sundays at 2pm. There are also children’s tours.
 

Saqqara

Containing an impressive set of Ancient Egypt sites including eleven major pyramids built over a period of three thousand years, Saqqara is truly a marvel. Amongst its treasures, Saqqara number Egypt’s first ever pyramid, the Step Pyramid of Djoser.

DID YOU KNOW?

Saqqara was the burial place of the city of Memphis, the capital of Ancient Egypt founded in 3000 BC by Menes.

Now a UNESCO World Heritage site, Saqqara is home to eleven major pyramids sprawled over six miles, including the first ever pyramid, known as the Step Pyramid and funerary complex of pharaoh Djoser (or Zoser), who reigned from c. 2630 to c. 2611 BC.

Saqqara’s pyramids and tombs were built across over three thousand years of Ancient Egyptian civilization, from the tombs of Fifth Dynasty kings such as Userkaf and the pyramid of Unas, with its walls filled with magical spells, to the incredibly well preserved Pyramid of Teti I, built by the first ruler of the Sixth Dynasty. Some believe that Teti I, whose queen is also buried at Saqqara, was assassinated by his bodyguard.

Saqqara is filled with historical treasures, not least of which is the Serapeum where the Egyptians buried the sacred bulls of Apis. The Egyptians believed these bulls were reincarnations of the deity, Ptah. The bulls are perfectly mummified and contained in enormous granite coffins.

Saqqara is a massive historic site and, for those short on time the best places to see are in the north, including the Serapeum, Djoser’s funerary complex and, in between these two, the Mastaba of Akhti-Hotep and Ptah-Hotep, the son and grandson of official Ptah-Hotep.

There are numerous ways to tour Saqqara, including camel, horse and donkey tours available around the Step Pyramid.

Photo by Historvius

Temple of Amun

A famous ancient temple in the western Egyptian desert, famously visited by Alexander the Great.

DID YOU KNOW?

The remains of the famous Temple of Amun at Siwa represent what is left of one of the most famous oracles of the ancient world.

In the western Egyptian desert near the Libyan border, a small Egyptian settlement dated to the time of the first dynasty was located at the only natural water source for hundreds of miles, the Siwa oasis.

Many local springs were utilized by the inhabitants and at some, Roman stone work is still visible shoring up the sides of the naturally occurring springs.

After founding Alexandria, and prior to his invasion of Persia, Alexander the Great decided to travel to the Temple of Amun at Siwa. Here he visited the oracle of the Temple of Amun and was confirmed as a divine personage and the legitimate pharaoh of Egypt.

This article about The Temple of the Oracle of Amun is a stub and is in line for expansion by our editorial team. You can help expand this information by adding comments below.

Temple of Horus

This beautifully preserved ancient temple took over 180 years to complete and was dedicated to the Egyptian deity of the pharaohs. This is one of the most popular of Ancient Egyptian sites.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Temple of Horus, also known as the Edfu Temple, is an incredibly well-preserved monument to one of Ancient Egypt’s most important deities, Horus.

Worshipped as the child of Isis and Osiris, Horus was depicted with the head - and often the body - of a falcon and was the ruler of the skies and the deity of the pharaohs.

Built over the course of around 180 years, the Temple of Horus was the work of the Ptolemies, beginning in 237AD under Ptolemy III. Today, this remains one of Egypt’s best preserved temples and its second largest - after the Karnak Temple - as well as the fountain of knowledge with regard to Ancient Egyptian beliefs.

The hordes of tourists who visit the Temple of Horus each year are greeted with the fantastic site of its vast entryway, adorned with stunning reliefs of falcons. Inside, one finds an impressive set of Greco-Roman built structures, all dedicated to this ancient deity.

Temple of Taffeh

Temple of Taffeh, built by Roman Emperor Augustus in Egypt.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Temple of Taffeh, was ordered to be built by Roman Emperor Augustus in Egypt, after his defeat of Cleopatra and Marc Antony. It was built between AD 1 and AD 14.

The temple survived in good condition in Egypt for several centuries. However, due to the construction of the Aswan Dam, many ancient sites in the area had to be moved to secure their preservation. Several of these sites, including the Temple of Taffeh, were gifted by the Egyptian government to other nations in gratitude for their assistance in this project.

Today the Temple of Taffeh can be found in the Dutch National Museum of Antiquities.

This article is a stub and is currently being expanded by our editorial team.

The Debod Temple

Whereas most Ancient Egypt sites are to be found in Egypt, this second century BC Ptolemaic temple was moved to Madrid in the 60’s.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Debod Temple (Templo de Debod) is an Ancient Egyptian temple in Madrid gifted to Spain in the 1960s.

Originally built in Aswan by Kushite King Adikhalamani, the Debod Temple dates back to the second century BC and was added to over the centuries, including by some of the rulers of the Ptolemaic dynasty as well as by the Ancient Romans.

Made up of three main reconstructed monuments, the Debod Temple is a beautiful site surrounded by a pool of water.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Metropolitan Museum of Art is a world renowned museum exhibiting works spanning eight thousand years.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York is one of the most famous art museums in the world, exhibiting pieces spanning over eight thousand years of history.

From prehistoric art and that of the Ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans to medieval works, Asian art and art of the Americas, the Metropolitan Museum of Art explores ancient and historical cultures through their artwork.

Containing an incredibly diverse and comprehensive collection, the best way to tour the Metropolitan Museum of Art is probably with one of their guided tours, especially if you’re not sure what you want to see or want an overview of the museum or one of its collections. Tours are included in the admission price.

Photo by Olivier Bruchez (cc)

The Neues Museum

The Ancient Egypt collection at Berlin’s Neues Museum includes the bust of Nefertiti, the wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Neues Museum in Berlin is part of Germany’s National Museum and, following a reconstruction project, is now the home of the Egyptian Museum and Papyrus Collection, the Collection of Classical Antiquities and the Museum of Prehistory and Early History.

Within the Neues Museum’s Ancient Egyptian collection, one of its most famous pieces is the bust of Nefertiti, wife of Ancient Egypt’s Pharaoh Akhenaten. It also houses a large collection of Armana artwork.

Further fascinating pieces at the Neues Museum include its display of Trojan antiquities and the prehistoric skull of the Neanderthal from Le Moustier in southwest France.

Overall, the Neues Museum offers a comprehensive display of historical and archaeological exhibits from throughout ancient history and around the world. Guided tours are available and audio guides are included in the admission price.

The Serapeum

The Serapeum was a magnificent ancient temple and library complex in Alexandria of which little remains today.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Serapeum in Alexandria was an ancient temple dedicated to the worship of the Greco-Egyptian deity Serapis.

Built by Ptolemy III in the third century BC, the Serapeum also housed an important library which may have served as an annex of the Great Library of Alexandria.

In late 69AD or early 70AD Vespasian visited the Serapeum to help confirm his place as the rightful Roman Emperor during the civil war he fought with Vitellius.

Ancient writers describe the Serapeum as one of the most magnificent temples of the ancient world and it was said to be made of marble with great adornments throughout.

The Serapeum was destroyed in 391AD - either by a Christian mob or by Roman soldiers on instructions from the Christian authorities of the Roman Empire.

Today there is little to see at the Serapeum site, though access to the underground library remains and is worth a visit. Other artefacts from the Serapeum can be found in the Greco-Roman Museum of Alexandria.

Photo by Historvius

Valley of the Kings

This incredible World Heritage site is the burial place of the Ancient Egypt’s kings. In fact, the Valley of the Kings houses the tombs of some of this period’s most iconic figures, including Amenhotep III, Ramses the Great and, of course, Tutankhamun.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Valley of the Kings in Luxor in Egypt was once part of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes.

From the Eighteenth Dynasty to the Twentieth, the pharaohs of Egypt were buried in the Valley of the Kings. Today, visitors flock to see the myriad of ancient tombs cut into the limestone of the Valley of the Kings, mostly contained in its eastern valley.

Eighteenth Dynasty tombs include those of Amenhotep III (in the west valley), Hatshepsut, Thutmose III and Thutmose IV. Some of the most famous figures of Ancient Egypt are buried at the Valley of the Kings, including the boy king Tutankhamun, Ramses the Great, Ramesses IV and Tuthmosis III.

The Valley of the Kings has almost thirty tombs in all and, together with the other remains of Thebes, forms part of a UNESCO World Heritage site. This site also features as one of our Top ten tourist attractions in Egypt.

Photo by Pottery Fan (cc)

Zawyet el Aryan Pyramids

Zawyet el Aryan contains the remains of two Egyptian pyramids, the Layer Pyramid and the Unfinished Pyramid. It is thought they were both built around 2700-2600BC.

DID YOU KNOW?

The town of Zawyet el Aryan, near Giza in north-eastern Egypt contains the remains of two relatively obscure Egyptian pyramids – known as the Layer Pyramid and the Unfinished Pyramid. It is thought they were both built during the Third Dynasty, therefore putting construction sometime around 2700-2600BC.

The Layer Pyramid is generally attributed to the Pharaoh Khaba while the Unfinished Pyramid is more of a mystery. The Layer Pyramid itself is a step-pyramid which sits atop an underground burial chamber. The Unfinished Pyramid is just that, and contains only the base of the construction.

Not an easy place to get to, it’s well off the established tourist trail – though some bespoke tour operators may offer guided visits.