Sites of the American-Indian Wars

If you’re looking to explore sites of the American-Indian Wars and want to find the best places to view American-Indian Wars era history then you can explore our interactive map above or navigate further by using the links below.

There’s a great selection of  American-Indian Wars era sites and you can plan some fantastic things to see on your trips. Once you’ve explored the list of  American-Indian Wars era sites and selected those you wish to visit you can use our itinerary planner tool to plan your trip and then print off a free pocket guidebook. This indispensible holiday guide will help you make the most of your time exploring  American-Indian Wars era sites.

Our database of historic places is growing all the time, but we may not cover them all. Remember, if you know of other  American-Indian Wars era sites, remains or ruins, you can always add them to Trip Historic now by visiting our Explore page.
 

American-Indian Wars era: Site Index

Photo by MGSwarbs (cc)

Daniel Boone Homestead

The Daniel Boone Homestead is an historic reserve containing a number of sites relating to the early life of legendary American frontiersman Daniel Boone.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Daniel Boone Homestead is the birthplace of famous American pioneer Daniel Boone.

A legendary frontiersman, Boone was one of the most famous explorers of his lifetime and achieved iconic status within US folklore.

Located near Reading, Pennsylvania, the Daniel Boone Homestead contains a number of historic buildings including the restored main house and an eighteenth century blacksmith's shop. Exhibitions on display at the Daniel Boone Homestead tell the story of Boone's youth and of the lives of the settlers who lived in the area at the time. Displays focus on the lives of the families who lived at the Homestead, the Boones, the Maugridges and the DeTurks.

Additionally, the Daniel Boone Homestead hosts a number of historic programs and has almost 600 acres of historic grounds.

Photo by SeattleRay (cc)

Little Bighorn Battlefield

One of the most famous American-Indian War sites, Little Bighorn Battlefield was the site of “Custer’s Last Stand” in June 1876.

DID YOU KNOW?

Little Bighorn Battlefield in Montana played an important role in the Great Sioux War, a conflict between the Lakota and Northern Cheyenne Native Americans and the US government and which was part of an era known as the American-Indian Wars.

The Lakota-Northern Cheyenne people had previously been ordered to sign the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie, a document which stated that they had to cease their nomadic traditions and be confined to an area known as the Great Sioux Reservation. A significant minority refused to sign this treaty and lived in an area called the Black Hills, in contravention of its terms.

President Ulysses S. Grant then declared that anybody living in the Black Hills was to be considered hostile to the government unless they returned to the reservation and troops were ordered to engage the dissenters. Lieutenant Colonel Custer and his 7th Cavalry were part of one of the three forces sent to confront the Native Americans.

On 25 June 1876, Custer and around a quarter of his men - for he had divided them into four units - converged on Little Bighorn. The entire unit, including Custer, were killed in the clash, leading to the battle being known as ’Custer’s Last Stand’.

In fact, the Battle of Little Bighorn, also known as the Battle of Greasy Grass Creek, was a victory for the Native Americans and yet in the period that followed, they lost much of their traditional way of life.

Little Bighorn Battlefield is now a National Park, dedicated to commemorating the events of the battle and the conflict of which it formed part. It includes an Indian Memorial, the Custer National Cemetery and offers guided talks exploring the conflict.

Photo by Ken Lund (cc)

Natchez, Mississippi

Natchez in Mississippi contains a number of historic sites and places of note including a native Indian village and historic houses and churches.

DID YOU KNOW?

Natchez is an historic town in Mississippi which contains a number of interesting historic sites and locations.

Sites to visit include a Natchez Indian village, Jefferson College and the Natchez Museum of African American Heritage. Another site to visit in the surrounding area is the Emerald Mound.

Natchez also boasts a number of historic churches and historic homes.

The Wounded Knee Museum

The Wounded Knee Museum is dedicated to exploring the events of the Wounded Knee Massacre of 1890.

DID YOU KNOW?

The Wounded Knee Museum in South Dakota tells the story of the Wounded Knee Massacre.

The Wounded Knee Massacre was a significant event in the then longstanding dispute between the US government and the Native Americans. At that time, government policy was to confine Native Americans to reservations, which led to a period known as the American-Indian Wars. The Wounded Knee Massacre was the last battle of this conflict.

On 29 December 1890, the US 7th Cavalry came to disarm the Lakota Native Americans. However, after an initial shot was fired, the cavalry started shooting chaotically, leading to the deaths of up to 300 men, women and children of the Lakotas as well as several US troops.

The Wounded Knee Museum uses a series of photographs and artefacts to explore the events of the massacre and its aftermath. It also offers a tour map of the site of the Wounded Knee Massacre.

Washita Battlefield

Washita Battlefield was the site of a surprise US cavalry attack on a Native American settlement in 1868 during the American-Indian Wars.

DID YOU KNOW?

On 27 November 1868 Washita Battlefield, then a Native American settlement of Peace Chief Black Kettle, was attacked by 7th U.S. Cavalry led by Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer. This attack formed part of the American-Indian Wars, a series of conflicts which took place between first the colonial and then the federal American governments and Native Americans.

In the latter half of the nineteenth century, the US government adopted a policy which intended to move the Native Americans out of their traditional lands and into reservations.

Prior to the attack at Washita Battlefield and in light of a massacre of Native Americans in Sand Creek in 1864, Chief Black Kettle had signed several peace treaties with the US government including the 1865 Little Arkansas Treaty and the 1867 Medicine Lodge Treaty.

Through these treaties the Native Americans also agreed to be assigned to Indian territories in return for homes and supplies. However, many other tribal leaders refused to sign and undertook a series of attacks known as the “Kansas Raids” against white settlements.

The attack which took place in Washita Battlefield was one of the consequences of these raids, despite Black Kettle’s cooperation with the Americans and his requests for protection for his people. In fact, when the attack at Washita took place, Black Kettle had just come back from talks with US General William B. Hazen.

As dawn approached on 27 November, Lieutenant Colonel Custer’s troops attacked Black Kettle’s village, resulting in several Cheyenne casualties including women and children. The number of casualties is disputed, the Americans claiming 100 were killed while Indian figures claimed 11 warriors and 19 women were killed. Tens of prisoners were also taken. Chief Black Kettle and his wife were amongst those who died.

Today, Washita Battlefield commemorated this nineteenth century attack, displaying a film and hosting tours of the site. The tours can be self-guided or, in the summer, rangers lead guided tours hourly from 9am to 4pm (except between noon and 1pm).